CFRS WDOTCF Essence : 1900 – 41

17 Aug

Death and Burial of Mrs. Hunley.

The remains of Mrs. Cornelia Carter Hunley, relict of the late Thos. Hunley, of this city, who died in Raleigh Friday, were brought here Saturday and the funeral took place Sunday at 12:30 o’clock from the Presbyterian Church, Rev. H. Tucker Graham conducting the services.  The deceased lady was 37 years of age.

The following were the pall-bearers:  Messrs. R. M. Prior, A. A. McKethan, W. W. Cole, J. A. Steel, B. C. Gorham and W. J. Boone.

Miss Virginia Hunley, (daughter of the deceased,) and Messrs. L. H. Skinner, Augusta Carter and Joe Smith were here to attend the funeral.

[Fayetteville Observer – Tuesday Evening, January 2, 1900]

Death of Col. T. S. Lutterloh.

Yesterday morning about mid-day Col. Thomas S. Lutterloh passed away—his death was quiet and peaceful — his passing away was as gentle as the sleep of a little child.  Mr. Lutterloh’s death was not unexpected, for days he was on the eve of death—old age had worn out the bodily frame.  He was born in Chatham county July 16th, 1816, and to-day is the anniversary of his 84th year, a good old age, yet he was not the oldest of those who connect the present with the past, but his life has been so bound with the interests of this town that we feel that a great link has been broken.  Mr. Lutterloh came to Fayetteville when quite a lad, and, for several years, lived with the late James Kyle.  After that he entered the store of Charles T. Haigh.  He remained with Mr. Haigh until he went into business on his own account at the Lutterloh corner now occupied by the Atlantic Coast Line as a passenger depot.  He was a very successful business man, one of the largest cotton buyers in Fayetteville.  He built and operated the first turpentine distillery in Fayetteville, and was owner of one or two boats that plied daily between this town and Wilmington.  In 1855 he was elected by the Know Nothing Party Mayor of Fayetteville.  In fact his life was marked one in the business community.  He was an honest, fearless man, very quiet in all his ways, but determined in all his acts.  Since the war Mr. Lutterloh has devoted more of his time to politics than to business.  He represented this county in the Legislature, was Clerk of the Superior Court, and was very active in all political matters.  He leaves a wife, the daughter of the late Jarvis Buxton, one daughter, Mrs. Fanny Utley, and two sons, Ralph and Herbert.  All of these were with him in his last hours.  When the reaper came to gather in the ripened grain we feel that there is naught to lament, but the vacant chair, so long occupied, will be a memorate of the love and care he bestowed on those he loved.

The funeral takes place this afternoon at 5 o’clock from St. John’s Episcopal church.


Mayor Cook this morning issued the following notice:

Fayetteville, N. C.,, July 16, 1900.

In the death of Col. T. S. Lutterloh we have lost one of our oldest citizens and one who for years was prominently identified with our business interests, and he had many offices of trust, and among them Mayor of Fayetteville, and, as a mark of respect, I ask that the places of business be closed during the progress of the funeral services—the City bell will be tolled.

W. S. Cook, Mayor.

[Fayetteville Observer – Monday Evening, July 16, 1900]

Meeting of Steamboat Company.

The Farmers’ and Merchants’ Steamboat Company, which operates the Steamer Driver, met Wednesday afternoon at the office of the president, Mr. Oliver Evans.  There were present Mr. Evans, president, T. D. Love of Wilmington, secretary and treasurer, and directors Jas. Evans of this city, and Messrs. Melvin and Thompson of Bladen.

The old officers were re-elected.  The president reported a very prosperous year.  It was decided to put the new boat, the Climax, on the river within two months.  It was not decided what disposition would be made of the Driver.

[Fayetteville Observer – Thursday, January 10, 1901]

The Hawes Sinks.

Col. W. S. Cook, General Manager of the Cape Fear Transportation Company, received a telegram last week telling of the loss at Wilmington of the Company’s steamer A. E. Hawes.  Col. Cook went down to Wilmington this afternoon to make an investigation.

The Messenger of Thursday of last week, speaking of the wreck, says:

This morning about 3 o’clock, the steamer E. A. Hawes, while lying at her wharf at the foot of Chestnut street, met with a peculiar mishap.  While her crew was asleep on board they were awakened by the lurching of the boat and they immediately rushed out on deck to find that the boat was filling with water and was going down.  Before they could all get off on the wharf, she keeled over, with her house and deck out towards the channel.  The pilot did not get off in time, but he swam to the wharf and was pulled ashore by the assistance of others of the crew.

When the steamer keeled over on her side, her boiler pitched from its station out of the boat and went to the bottom of the river.  The cargo of cotton seed and over 300 barrels of rosin also went overboard and floated away or sank.

The crew consisted of ten men, including Captain Irvin Robinson, Mr. Frank Creel, the engineer, and eight deck hands.  It is marvelous how they all escaped, when the accident occurred at the unusual hour it did.

The cause of the accident is not known, but it is supposed that the steamer sprang a leak and filled with water, causing her to lose her balance.


The Sinking of the Steamer Hawes.

Col. Cook returned Friday night from Wilmington, where he went to investigate the sinking of the steamer Hawes.  He made arrangements to have the boat raised and the boiler recovered from the bottom of the river.

The Wilmington Messenger of Thursday says:

The cause of the sinking of the steamer E. A. Hawes, which went down at her wharf at the foot of Chestnut street yesterday morning at 3 o’clock, was not ascertained yesterday, as the vessel is still under water and no examination of her hull could be made.  Negotiations are pending and the vessel will probably be up-righted today and the boiler fished up from the bottom of the river.

Mr. Frank Creel, the engineer, was the first to discover that the vessel was sinking and gave the alarm to the ten people on board.  All hands were asleep.  Mr. Creel was awakened by a noise as if steam was being gotten up.  He laid still, thinking the fireman had started his fire, but in a few minutes a peculiar noise caused him to get up and go into the boiler room.  He found the vessel filling rapidly with water and he at once alarmed everybody on board.

All hands hurried off, as the vessel was then going down.  Captain Irvin Robinson, Mr. Creel and the colored cook, a woman, were the only ones who got ashore without getting wet.  The seven other members of the crew, all negroes, had attempted to get off at one end of the steamer, but could not do so and had to walk clear around the guard rail to the other side.  Before they could get off the vessel lurched and carried all of them into the water.  They swam to the wharf and luckily all escaped.

[Fayetteville Observer – January 17, 1901]

The Steamer Climax Burned.

A telegram was received here early Saturday morning from Mr. T. D. Love, agent at Wilmington of the Peoples’ Steamboat Company, saying that the steamer Climax was destroyed by fire.

The Climax was built at Wilmington and was only recently launched.  The machinery for her had been ordered several months ago and it was expected to place it in her during next week.

Mr. Oliver Evans, of this city, who is president of the Peoples’ Steamboat Company informs us that the Climax was insured for $3,000 – less than two-thirds her cost.  The machinery which has been ordered will, of course, have to be disposed of at a sacrifice, unless the company decides to build another boat.

This boat was built for the run between Fayetteville and Wilmington to supplement the steamer Driver of the same company.

[Fayetteville Observer – May 16, 1901]

Adjusted Satisfactorily.

Mr. Oliver Evans, President of the Farmers and Merchants Steamboat Company returned last Friday from Wilmington, where he has been on business connected with the burning of the Climax, the new steamer of his company.  The insurance was adjusted satisfactorily, but the company is as yet undecided whether to build another boat or not.

[Fayetteville Observer – May 23, 1901]



A Jacksonville Firm Building a

Modern River Steamboat to be

Run Between Wilmington and Fayetteville.

She Will Cost $28,000.


The Jacksonville Times-Union, of Thursday, says:

“At present the Merrill-Stevens Engineering Company is engaged in the building of three steamboats, the largest of which will be the Fayetteville, to cost $28,000.  This boat will have a steel hull and will be a stern-wheeler.  She will be engaged in the passenger business on the Cape Fear river, running between Fayetteville and Wilmington, N. C.

“The steamer will be 125 feet long, and will have a beam of 24 feet.  She has been designed here, and with a special view of having speed and a light draft.  While also built for freight, she is especially designed for a passenger trade.  She will be owned by the Fayetteville and Wilmington Steamboat Company.  The engines will have a horsepower of 400, and the boilers will be water-tube boilers.

“There are to be twenty staterooms, and they will be fitted up in handsome style and finish.  The electric lighting system will be very complete.  The boat will accommodate about 200 passengers and will be thoroughly modern in all respects.”

[Wilmington Messenger – June 22, 1901]

The Diamond Steamboat and Wrecking Co. was instituted about twelve years ago and since that period has been of large material service to the shipping interests centered here. Captain E. D. Williams, who is the manager of the business and master of the tug Marion, is a gentleman, who, for very many years has been identified with shipping interests here.

[Excerpt from Wilmington Up to Date (1902)]

Work at the River.

Work is progressing on the piling at the wharves of the Fayetteville and
Wilmington Steamboat Company, and it is probably that the pile driver will be brought to bear this week on the huge under-pinning set in the earth.  The opening of the street leading to the wharf will make the distance up to town not more than that from the other landings.

[Fayetteville Observer –  Thursday, July 3, 1902]




A Remarkable Wharf.


Work on the wharf of the Fayetteville and Wilmington Steamboat Company is about complete, and one can now form some idea of the remarkable features of this splendid piece of engineering.

From the top of the river bank to the low water mark, an inclined wharf, 140 feet long and 100 feet wide, has been constructed at an angle of 30 degrees.  Down this incline two steel cars, such as are in use on the Alpine railways, will run.  The platform of these cars is 9 by 10 feet, and each has a capacity of five tons and when coupled together ten tons can be hauled up or down at a time.

These cars are run on steel rails and are attached by steel cables to a Lambert hoisting engine of 45 horse power.  Two floating piers will be placed on the water attached to the wharf in such a manner that they will rise and fall with the river.  Between these piers is an open space of 20 feet to permit the cars to run along side the steamers and freight transferred directly from the boat to the cars.  These cars will also transport passengers to and from the boats.

This inclined wharf is a remarkable piece of work, and is so strongly constructed that I will stand the assaults of the fiercest freshets without the slightest injury.  At the top of this incline is a platform leading to the main warehouse, the cold storage warehouse and the station house, all of which buildings have been completed and are models of their kind.  The big hoisting engine is also inclosed in a well-constructed building.  The station house has two waiting rooms, one for white and the other for colored passengers, and will be heated by steam pipes.  The company’s flag is size 14 by 18 feet will float from the eminence on a 70 foot pole.  The lowest stage of water at the dock is 7 feet with a splendid basin for maneuvering the boats.

The work was planned by Mr. E. W. Cooke, General Manager of the Fayetteville and Wilmington Steamboat Company, and was constructed under the supervision of Mr. Ed. Nelson, Mr. Cooke’s assistant engineer, and Messrs John K. Strange and D. S. McRae.

The company has just had constructed a road to connect with the highway leading to the centre of the town which the city is now having put in good shape.

[Fayetteville Observer – Thursday, September 25, 1902]

A Trip on the Cape Fear.

Mr. H. E. C. Bryant, the correspondent of the Charlotte Observer, writes entertainingly of his trip on the river from Fayetteville to Wilmington of which we made mention last week.  The following, condensed from his column and a quarter account, will be of interest:

The Cape Fear river is one of the most historic streams in the South.  It is navigable from Wilmington to Fayetteville, a distance of about 120 miles.  Before railroads were so numerous in North Carolina the Cape Fear river was a great factor in the commerce of a great section of the State.  People from Morganton, Salisbury, Concord, Statesville, Charlotte, Monroe, Wadesboro, Rockingham, Laurinburg, Maxton, Lumberton and other points hauled their farm and factory products to Fayetteville and exchanged them for supplies brought up the Cape Fear in boats.  Those were the days of Fayetteville’s greatest glory.

Through the kindness of Col. W. S. Cook and Capt. W. A. Robeson, of the A. P. Hurt, I was permitted to take a trip from Fayetteville to Wilmington last Friday.  We had quite a pleasant party on board.  Among others were:  Col. J. B. Starr, the interesting old veteran of Fayetteville; Col. Malcolm McIntyre Matthews, of the Hotel LaFayette; Mr. John F. Harrison and Mr. R. G. Freeman.

Capt. Robeson is a very agreeable man.  He is thoughtful, affable and kind.  He did everything within his power to make us comfortable.  Our journey was made pleasant by his kindness.  Our every desire was gratified.  In the persons of Abram Dunn and Dan Buxton, two polite negroes, the A. P. Hurt has two very attractive characters.  Abe is the steward and Dan the pilot.  Old Dan is nearly 75 years old and has been on the Cape Fear 52 years.  He knows every crook and turn in the river and can tell some delightful stories of long-ago.

It was after the death of his old master that Dan was hired out to the captain of the “Governor Graham,” the property of the Cape Fear Steamboat Company.  Since that time he has server on the “Chatham,” the “Flora McDonald,” the “Governor Worth,” and the “A. P. Hurt.”

Abe Dunn does the catering and cooking for the passengers and the crew.  He is capable, industrious and humble.  As a servant he has few superiors.

The table fare on the A. P. Hurt, is first-class.  It is superior to that of the average city hotel.  Old Abe is a tasteful caterer and a fine cook.  He knows what to buy and how to prepare it.  I do not recall any meals that I have enjoyed more than I did supper and breakfast on Capt. Robeson’s boat.  We had tender ham and beef, good fried hominy, strong coffee and a few dainties.  The linen and tableware were clean and attractive looking.

The trip from Fayetteville to Wilmington by Capt. Robeson’s boat afforded us much pleasure.  The scenery along the river is beautiful; the fare on the boat is good, and the effect of the ride, under the conditions, invigorating to mind and body.  I enjoyed every moment of the time spent on the A. P. Hurt.

[Fayetteville Observer – Thursday, December 2, 1902]

From Wednesday’s Daily.



Arrived Here This Morning



The City of Fayetteville has arrived.  This much talked of and anxiously expected boat drew up at her splendid new dock this morning at 9 o’clock.

President Lisman and Mrs. Lisman, General Manager Cooke and Secretary S. H. MacRae made the initial trip up the Cape Fear on the steamer.

A great number of people have visited the boat today, and everyone was delighted and surprised at her magnificence.

The hoisting machinery and alpine cars of the dock work splendidly, and there were few too timid to make the delightful descent and ascent on these novel cars.  Comfortable steps also lead from the wharf to the steamer’s side, but only a few preferred them to the cars.

The City of Fayetteville left Jacksonville, Fla., on Christmas Eve, and reached Wilmington Sunday.

She left Wilmington yesterday morning, and steamed leisurely up the Cape Fear, attracting much attention at each landing place, where crowds had assembled to greet the new boat.  The boat’s journey from Florida was a most interesting one, but not without its drawbacks:

The tug towing her broke down and was obliged to give up the trip at Charleston.  The tug Cecilia was chartered at Charleston and she sailed with her on December 30th.  That night the weather forced them into Georgetown harbor and there they waited for favorable weather.  She crossed the Georgetown bar at noon Saturday.  When about 20 miles out a thick fog settled over the ocean and the wind shifted around to the southeast and began blowing a small gale.  The sea soon became very rough.  The conditions were most unfavorable for a boat of the City of Fayetteville’s class and considerable uneasiness was felt.  It was decided that the best thing to do was to keep on the trip.  The Fayetteville got up steam and worked her wheel at full speed, which steadied her.  After a very stormy run they crossed the Cape Fear bar at 10 o’clock Saturday night without a mishap.

The City of Fayetteville was built by the Merrill-Stevens Engineering Company, at Jacksonville, Fla., for the Fayetteville & Wilmington steamboat Company, and was launched last spring.  She is undoubtedly one of the handsomest river boats in southern waters, and is probably better equipped and will be more luxuriously furnished than any river boat south of the Potomac.

The officers of the Fayetteville & Wilmington Steamboat Company are:

President, A. A. Lisman, of New York.

Vice-President and General Manger, E. W. Cooke, of Fayetteville.

Secretary, S. H. MacRae, of Fayetteville.

Treasurer, John K. Strange, of Fayetteville.

The steamer’s officers are:

Captain, H. B. Fromberger.

Mate, E. Nelson.

First Engineer, L. L. Moses.

Second Engineer, J. H. Mawdesley.

The purser and stewardess are yet to be selected.  Besides the officers, the boat’s crew will consist of 2 pilots, 2 firemen, 2 cooks, 4 waiters, 4 deck hands and a stewardess.

The new boat is 140 feet long, 30 feet wide and draws only 16 inches of water light.

The saloon deck has 14 first-class state rooms, with sleeping accommodations for 30 upper and 20 lower cabin passengers.  All the state rooms open on promenade decks 6 feet wide and extending two-thirds around the boat.  On this deck are the dining room; smoking room; ladies cabin; ladies’ and gentlemen’s toilets; purser’s room and stewardess’ room.

On the lower or main deck are two after rooms for colored passengers; two rooms for deck passengers, one for men and the other for women, with folding beds; crew’s quarters in the forecastle for 12 men; engine and boiler rooms forward and the engines cased in the after part; a freight room 30×50 feet, with a large space on the bow.

She has an electric light plant, supplying 120 incandescent lights distributed all over the boat, and a 13-inch electric searchlight.  Her wheel is 12 feet in diameter, with 45 revolutions per minute, giving a speed of over 12 miles an hour on 150 pounds of steam.

General Manager Cooke says the boat’s schedule will be as follows:

Leave Wilmington Sunday, Tuesday and Thursday evenings, arriving Fayetteville the morning following, and leave Fayetteville Monday, Wednesday and Friday nights, arriving Wilmington the next morning.  She will lay over in Wilmington Saturdays and Sundays to run excursions on the river.  She will stop for passengers at the principal points along the river.  She will carry through freight to a large extent, and will be run in connection with the Clyde Line and Merchants & Farmers Steamboat Company, of which the Highlander is the principal boat.  Mr. T. D. Love will be her agent in Wilmington.

[Fayetteville Observer – Thursday, January 8, 1903]



Between Three Boat Lines.


The three steamboat lines that ply the Cape Fear between Fayetteville and Wilmington, to-wit:  The Cape Fear and Peoples Company, of which Col. W. S. Cook is General Manager, which owns the Hurt and Hawes; The Merchants & Farmers Steamboat Company, of which Mr. Oliver Evans is President, which owns the Highlander and Driver; and The Fayetteville and Wilmington Steamboat Company, which owns the “City of Fayetteville,” of which Mr. A. A. Lisman is President, and Mr. E. W. Cooke General Manager, have formed a traffic arrangement; and Col. W. S. Cook has been made the agent at Fayetteville, and Mr. T. D. Love the agent at Wilmington for the three lines.

There was a meeting Friday of the stockholders of the Fayetteville and Wilmington Steamboat Company, at which the following stockholders were present:  Messrs. H. W. Lilly, W. L. Holt, W. M. Morgan, R. P. Gray, A. A. Lisman, S. H. MacRae, L. A. Williamson, E. H. Williamson and E. W. Cooke.

The meeting was for the purpose of reviewing the financial condition of the company, and to take preliminary steps for the operation of the line, pending the annual meeting of stockholders in February.

Under the new arrangement all the boats of the several lines will use the splendid new wharf of the Fayetteville and Wilmington Steamboat Company.

[Fayetteville Observer – Thursday, January 15, 1903]

Steamer City of Fayetteville.

Fayetteville Observer, 15th:  “Our former townsman, Capt. Albert H. Worth, was to-day appointed captain of the new steamer City of Fayetteville, to succeed Capt. Fromberger, who brought the boat up from Jacksonville, Fla.  Capt. Worth is now at Elizabeth City and is expected to reach here this afternoon or to-morrow.  Capt. Worth, who is a son of the late Joseph A. Worth, for so many years a leading citizen of Fayetteville, and a nephew of the late Governor Worth, is admirably equipped for the position to which he has been appointed.  He has had some twenty years experience as commander of our best river boats, and is a man of excellent mind and mature judgment.  He is, besides, a Confederate veteran of fine record and bears on his body the heavy marks of the great war.  The new company is to be commended and congratulated for this graceful recognition of the fitness of things.”

[Wilmington Star – January 16, 1903]



The City of Fayetteville Made Her

First Trip Down the Upper Cape

Fear Yesterday Morning-Brought

Down Seventy-Five Passengers.

The Schedule to be Run Here-



The elegant new steamer City of Fayetteville, of the Fayetteville and Wilmington Steamboat Company’s Line, made her first trip down from Fayetteville yesterday morning.  She left that city at 3:30 p. m. Wednesday and arrived in Wilmington at 6 a. m.  She was in command of Captain Albert H. Worth and he states that there was fair boating water in the Cape Fear for the trip.  The trip of the streamer was made in good time.  During part of the run she was timed and made twelve miles an hour, and it is probable that in some reaches she skimmed along at 14 miles an hour.

Mr. Walter L. Holt, one of the stockholders and a director of the Fayetteville and Wilmington Steamboat Company, came down on the steamer, and with him as his guests were the following Fayetteville gentlemen:  Messrs. E. H. Williamson, S. H. Webb, E. E. Gorham, Banks Williamson, L. A. Williamson, D. S. McRae, A. J. Hatch, and the Messrs. Morrow.  There was a passenger list of about 75 and among them were Mr. and Mrs. D. D. Hogan and family of Fayetteville, and quite a number of passengers from the various landings between Wilmington and Fayetteville.  The steamer also brought a large cargo of manufactured goods, shipped to New York by the cotton factories of Fayetteville, besides consignments of country produce.

While at Fayetteville the steamer was furnished throughout, the saloons and state rooms being carpeted and equipped.  The ladies saloon is beautifully furnished, handsome wicker tables and wicker chairs constituting the furniture.  Next to the ladies saloon is the dining room and it is handsomely equipped.  The gentlemen’s saloon is also nicely furnished and the boat is a great credit to the Cape Fear.  Passengers who came down state that the meals served on the steamer are elegant.  Adjoining the dining room is the butler’s pantry and from the galley below the meals are received in the pantry by a dumb waiter and thence served in the dining room.

Captain Worth, who is in charge of the new steamer, is one of the most popular river commanders that ever ran between here and Fayetteville.  Everybody was glad to see him again on the river, for everybody esteems him highly and all feel safe when he [is – missing] at the helm.  He is courteous and knows how to look after the safety and comfort of his passengers.  He was a captain on the river for eight years during that time having been mate of the steamer Hart, and captain of the steamers Juniper, Governor Worth and Hurt.  After quitting the river he was a conductor for nine years on the C. F. & Y. V. railroad and for the past few years has resided at Norfolk.  He has hosts of friends who are glad to see him back again.  Captain F. M. Fromberger, who was temporarily in charge of the new steamer came down yesterday and will return while here.

The City of Fayetteville left on the return trip yesterday afternoon at 5 o’clock.  Hereafter she will leave Wilmington at 5 p. m. on Sundays, Tuesdays and Thursdays.  Leave Fayetteville at 5 p. m. on Mondays, Wednesdays and Fridays.

[Wilmington Messenger – January 23, 1903]

City of Fayetteville.

The steamer City of Fayetteville did not arrive until 3 o’clock yesterday afternoon, the delay having been caused by the disabling of one of the engines near White Hall yesterday morning.  She brought on the trip 51 bales of cotton, a quantity of factory goods and a miscellaneous cargo.  She will return to Fayetteville to-day, perishable freight having been sent up on the Hurt yesterday.

[Wilmington Star – January 28, 1903]

Clarkton Express:   The “City of Fayetteville” is now making regular trips between Fayetteville and Wilmington.  It represents an attractive appearance as it glides over the waters of the Cape Fear at night with its 120 incandescent electric lights in full glow, illuminating and rendering attractive the beautiful scenery along the historic stream.

[Wilmington Messenger – January 30, 1903]

The Body Found.

Just before Xmas the OBSERVER contained an account of the drowning from the steamer Highlander of an unknown man between here and Wilmington.  Friday the body was found floating near the “Dram Tree” two miles below Wilmington.  The body was identified as that of Isaac Kelland, a negro who either jumped or fell overboard from the steamer Highlander, about 40 miles up the Cape Fear river, Monday before last Christmas.  On the negroe’s body were found bills for goods purchased in Wilmington and a pint bottle of whisky, pretty well emptied.

[Fayetteville Observer – Thursday February 19, 1903]

The Steamboat Merger Off.

The three steamboat companies, which ply the Cape fear between Fayetteville and Wilmington, to wit:  The People’s and Cape Fear Transportation Company, the Merchants and Farmers Transportation Company, and the Fayetteville and Wilmington steamboat Company, which have, for the past month, been working under the same management on a “community of interest” basis, will hereafter run as independent lines.   Mr. A. A. Lisman, President of the Fayetteville and Wilmington steamboat Company, who arrived here from New York last night, to-day withdrawing his boat, “The City of Fayetteville,” from the combination.

The Peoples and the Merchants and Farmers, Companys will hereafter use their old wharfs, the Fayetteville and Wilmington Steamboat Company using the new wharf exclusively.

President Lisman left for Wilmington Friday afternoon, on business connected with his boat company, and will return next week, to arrange for the running of his boat as an independent line.

[Fayetteville Observer – Thursday, February 26, 1903]



Sixth Annual Meeting Yesterday

of Merchants’ and Farmers’

Steamboat Company.




in Future All Lines, Except City of Fayetteville, Will Be Operated Conjointly—New Light Draught Steamer Being Built Here—Notes.


The sixth annual meeting of the Merchants’ and Farmers’ Steamboat Company was held at the general offices in this city upon the arrival of the steamer Highlander yesterday.  Mr. Oliver Evans, of Fayetteville, president, and Mr. T. D. Love, of Wilmington, secretary and treasurer and general manager of the company, were the officers present.

The general discussion of the business of the past year, which was entirely satisfactory, was indulged in and all the old officers were re-elected unanimously.  The company operates the steamer Highlander between Wilmington and Fayetteville and now has in process of construction a new boat of light draught and good freight capacity to be known as the Tar Heel.  She is being built near foot of Chesnut street and will be admirably adapted to the Cape Fear traffic.

One of the most important announcements as a result of the meeting yesterday was that the steamers Hurt and Highlander and E. A. Hawes and Tar Heel will continue to be operated under one management, notwithstanding the withdrawl of the City of Fayetteville, against which the Merchants’ and Farmers’ and Cape Fear Steamboat companies most emphatically claim there was no discrimination.

Mr. T. D. Love will be general freight agent here of the Hurt, Highlander, Tar Heel and Hawes, the latter being employed on the Northeast and Black river lines, and Col. W. S. Cook will be general freight agent for the steamers at Fayetteville.  Mr. James Madden, who was formerly general agent here for the Hurt and Hawes, becomes chief clerk to General Manager Love.

All the steamers land at Mr. Love’s wharf, nearly opposite the rear of the Front street market house, though the company still retains possession of the wharf, next south of the foot of Chesnut street.  The new arrangement promises exceedingly well.  Schedules will be strictly adhered to as far as possible and the freight office will remain open until 4 P. M. of each steamer day.

[Wilmington Star – February 27, 1903]

An Exciting Race.

The steamers Hurt and City of Fayetteville had an exciting race into Wilmington Saturday morning.  When the broad waters approaching Wilmington were reached the City of Fayetteville spied the Hurt some distance ahead and all steam was put on to overhaul her.  The Hurt soon saw what was up and she too was sent scurrying ahead at great speed.  It was a pretty race for several miles, and when Wilmington was reached the new boat was in the lead.

Steamboat Speed on the Cape Fear.


Correspondence of the Observer


An extract from the Star, copied into the OBSERVER last Thursday, says that the “Highlander’s” run from Fayetteville to Wilmington in twelve hours “breaks the record, ancient and modern.”  What do Captains Worth and Garrason say to that?  The Steamer Murchison made the trip in 1869 in nine hours and twenty minutes and the Hurt made it in exactly nine hours—making all her regular mail stops.  I have been told by old river men that the Zephyr used to make the run in eight hours.  The truth is old Fayetteville was in some respects ahead of “the New South.”  Before Sherman came along she had nearly a dozen cotton factories in and near town.  And how many of her younger people know that steamers ran from Wilmington to Lockville in Chatham county, fifty miles above Fayetteville, and that she had street cars and water works two generations ago?


[Fayetteville Observer – Thursday, April 9, 1903]


The new steamer Tar Heel, built by the Merchants’ & Farmers’ Steamboat Company, T. D. Love, manager, is about completed and will begin running in about a week.  She will run between Wilmington and Fayetteville.

[Wilmington Dispatch —  May 12, 1903]


— Fayetteville Observer: ” Deputy U. S. Collector Sam King, of Elizabethtown, and Mr. Castine Martin, of White Oak, who comes to visit his son, Mr. A. E. Martin, were passengers on the Highlander which arrived last evening. Mr. King succeeded Mr. Sutton as deputy collector and the latter succeeded Mr. King as postmaster at Elizabethtown. ”

[Wilmington Morning Star — Sunday, May 17, 1903]

Clear Run Steamboat Co.

Mr. J. C. Bornemann, an experienced young man in steamboat traffic, has been appointed general manager of the Clear Run Steamboat Co., which operates the steamer ” A. J. Johnson, ” and has already entered upon the duties of the new office. The ” Johnson ” is now at Clear Run, having just completed extensive repairs, but will be in commission again in a few days, making regular trips between Wilmington and Black River points. She will have her wharf with the steamer ” City of Fayetteville ” but the two will in no way be connected.

Twentieth at ” The Rocks. “

The Fort Fisher Rod and Gun Club want to give the public an opportunity to spend a day at their club house and invites any who may wish to do so to visit them on the 20th inst. The Wilmington will stop at the ” Rocks, ” on that day, going and coming, on its run to Southport.

[Wilmington Morning Star — Tuesday, May 19, 1903]

A Delightful Trip.

The excursion down the Cape Fear on the City of Fayetteville Monday night proved to be most enjoyable.  The party returned at 11:30 o’clock, and each of the one hundred and twelve passengers pronounced it a splendid outing.  Supper was served on board, and Remsburg’s Orchestra furnished delightful music

[Fayetteville Observer – Thursday, May 21, 1903]


— The steamer ” Wilmington ” will run the last regular excursion of the season to sea Sunday, leaving the city at 9:30 A. M. Sunday week the steamer will inaugurate its regular Summer schedule, making two trips to Southport that day.

[MS Saturday, May 23, 1903]

” Tar Heel ” in Commission.

The ” Tar Heel, ” the new steamer recently built in this city by the Merchants’ and Farmers’ Steamboat Co., of which Mr. T. D. Love is general manager, cleared yesterday for her initial trip to Fayetteville, taking the run of the ” Highlander, ” which remains in port. The new steamer, while not so large as the ” Highlander, ” is a model boat for the river trade and by reason of her construction is able to navigate in very shallow water. Capt. Robeson and crew of the ” Highlander ” were transferred here to the ” Tar Heel. ”


Change of Masters.

The steamer ” City of Fayetteville ” and ” Highlander ” were in port yesterday. Capt. A. H. Worth has resigned as master of the first named steamer and has been succeeded by Capt. Jeff Bradshaw, of the ” Highlander. ” Capt. William Robeson succeeds Capt. Bradshaw in command of the ” Highlander. ”


New Wilmington Steamer.

Mr. W. A. Rourk has returned from Norfolk and Washington, where he and Capt. W. A. Sanders looked at several steamers, with a view to the purchase of one for the Wilmington and Little River Transportation Company. They found a boat that suited them, but were not empowered to make any deal. A meeting of the directors of the company will be held this week to decide upon the matter. Capt. Sanders returned via Beaufort, N. C., his old home.

[Wilmington Morning Star — Thursday, May 28, 1903]

” General Wright ” at Fayetteville.

Yesterday afternoon’s Fayetteville Observer says: ” The government steamer ” H. G. Wright, ” Captain Dicksey, arrived here yesterday afternoon, and cleared for Wilmington this morning. She has been engaged in placing mile posts along the river from Wilmington to Fayetteville. She put the last post at the old Express Steamboat Company’s wharf, and it reads 115 miles. A queer thing about this river is the fact that no two surveys have made the distance the same. ”

[Wilmington Morning Star — Friday, May 29, 1903]

Steamer ” Tar Heel. “

The steamer ” Tar Heel, ” Capt. William Robeson, the new boat just completed by the Merchants’ and Farmers’ Steamboat Co., will arrive to-day from her maiden trip up the Cape Fear river and will bring down for a complimentary trip a number of the up-river merchants. The “Tar Heel ” is admirably adapted ot the river traffic. She is 101 feet long, 21 feet wide, 4 ½ feet deep and is 99 gross and 67 net tons register. She was built by Mr. J. B. Gaskill, the well known ship carpenter.

[Wilmington Morning Star — Saturday, May 30, 1903]

The “Tar Heel” Coming.

The Wilmington Star of Thursday says:

The “Tar Heel,” the new steamer recently built in this city by the Merchants’ and Farmers’ Steamboat Co., of which Mr. T. D. Love is general manager, cleared yesterday for her initial trip to Fayetteville, taking the run of the “Highlander,” which remains in port.  The new steamer, while not so large as the “Highlander,” is a model boat for the river trade and by reason of her construction is able to navigate in very shallow water.  Capt. Robeson and crew of the “Highlander” were transferred here to the “Tar Heel.”

[Fayetteville Observer – Thursday, June 4, 1903]

River News.

The Wilmington Star of recent date says:

The steamer “Highlander” of the Merchants’ and Farmers’ Steamboat Co., of which Mr. T. D. Love is general manager, is now laid up at her wharf in

this city for the installation of an electric lighting plant. The apparatus is furnished by a Michigan concern and will be complete and up-to-date in every respect.

[The Fayetteville Observer – June 11, 1903.]


Wilmington and Little River Steamer

Taken to Norfolk Last Night.

The steamer “Sanders,” of the Wilmington and Little River Transportation Co., left last night at 10 o’clock, towing the steamer “Compton” to Norfolk, where she will undergo a thorough overhauling from the recent fire at Skinner’s shipyard and will be lengthened 40 feet, making her an up-to-date sea-going passenger and freight steamer.  She will be laid up several weeks at Norfolk for the repairs.  The “Sanders,” which has the tow, is in charge of Capt. W. A. Sanders, master; Capt. W. A. Snell, coast pilot; Chief Engineer Joe Warren and the regular crew.  Mr. Ed. Moore, the clever bookkeeper for the steamer’s agents, Messrs. Stone & Co., is also aboard.

[Wilmington Morning Star — Saturday, June 20, 1903]

An Exciting Race.

The Wilmington Messenger of this Tuesday says:

An exciting river race is reported as having taken place Friday between the steamers Highlander and the City of Fayetteville, resulting in a victory for the former.  The two steamers left Wilmington on the up river trip in the afternoon at 4 o’clock and at Roans’ Landing, twenty-one miles from the city, where a stop was made for wood, the two craft got side by side and the race commenced.  Each was light and made about the same number of stops, so the race was an equal one.  For fully fifteen miles the steamers were in sight of each other, but finally the Highlander steamed away from the City of Fayetteville and made Fayetteville ten minutes ahead of her adversary.

[Fayetteville Observer – Thursday, July 16, 1903]

Boat Hand Missing.

Sunday morning about 2 o’clock, during the run of the steamer City of Fayetteville from Wilmington to this place, Rob Webb, a colored hand, was missed, and is supposed to have fallen overboard and been drowned.

Webb was the son of Dolly Webb, and his father was once a pilot on the Cape Fear.  He has been working in Georgia, and came here only about a month ago.

[Fayetteville Observer – Thursday, August 20, 1903]

The Finding of Webb’s Body.

The Wilmington Star of Sunday contains the following account of the finding of the body of Webb, the young Fayetteville negro:

“Captain Bradshaw, of the steamer ‘City of Fayetteville,’ which arrived yesterday morning, reports the finding of the body of Robert Webb, a colored deck hand who was drowned from the steamer as she was proceeding to Fayetteville last night a week ago.  The negro was asleep on a barrel on the lower deck and presumably tumbled into the river in attempting to turnover in his semi-conscious state.  The drowning was reported in these columns at the time.

“The body had caught in some bushes overhanging the river near Kelly’s Cove when discovered Friday night as the steamer was coming down to Wilmington.  It was in a badly decomposed state and was discovered by the odor arising from it.  Capt. Bradshaw reported the finding of the body to the coroner of Bladen county at Elizabethtown and that official gave order for the burial.”

[Fayetteville Observer – Thursday, August 27, 1903]



Lighter Carried to the Scene by the

City of Fayetteville – Cargo Landed

Without Loss.


The steamer City of Fayetteville, which arrived yesterday from Fayetteville, brought news from the scene of the sinking of the Tar Heel at Old Court House Landing, sixty miles from here.  It appears that the Tar Heel only sank about five feet as the depth of the water was very shallow at the spot where the accident happened and consequently none of the cargo was damaged, as it was all above deck.  The accident was due to hole being “stove” in the bottom of the boat by a floating log.

The City of Fayetteville towed a lighter to receive the cargo, which had in the meantime been landed safely and without loss.  From last reports the Tar Heel was still above water, though disabled, and will be saved unless the rise in the river wrecks her.  The steamer Highlander, which left here Friday, with General Manager T. D. Love, of the Merchants’ and Farmers’ Steamboat Company, aboard, has by now arrived on the scene.  The Tar Heel belonged to the company mentioned

The steamer Hurt, which both arrived and left here yesterday, was near the Landing when the accident occurred.




Accident at Court House Landing.

After Nearly Fifty Years.


(Special to The Messenger.)

Fayetteville, N. C., September 19. – It was about 2:30 o’clock yesterday when Mr. Frank Glover, the agent, received news of the sinking of the Steamer Tar Heel on her upward trip at Court House Landing, about thirty-four miles from this city.  The details, up to this writing are meager, and it is not known whether a log or a rock in the steamer at that point broke into the steamer’s keel.  Mr. Glover dispatched a light as soon as possible to take off the cargo; and, as the water was low, the hull only, not the decks, went under.  There was a rise of three or four feet in the river last night, but if the unloading was accomplished before the rise reached the point, the cargo can be saved.  It consisted of general merchandise, among other things 25,000 pounds of lard for the Armfield Company.  The Tar Heel was a wooden boat, built last spring, mainly for the freighting business…

[Wilmington Messenger —  September 20, 1903]



A Wrecking crew Sent from Here to Her



Mr. Frank Glover received word Friday afternoon that the Tar Heel of the Merchants and Farmers’ Steamboat Company, had gone to the bottom at Old Court House, two miles this side of Elizabethtown, and 34 miles from Fayetteville.  Mr. Glover immediately got together a salvage crew, and dispatched them with a lighter, in tow of the City of Fayetteville, which happened to be on the point of pulling out for Wilmington, to the scene of the wreck.  No other particulars were received, but Mr. Glover thinks that the cargo was probably saved, as the stage of water, at the time the boat sank, was only 3 10 feet, which would leave her decks above water.  However, unless the work of salvage was done quickly, the cargo may have been lost, as the river was rising rapidly at the time, and this morning at 8 o’clock  the gauge showed 9 feet.

How the accident occurred is not known, but it is possible she struck a rock, as there are a number of dangerous ones at Old Court House.

The Tar Heel is a new boat, having been launched in the spring.  She is 85 tons burden, and is considered a staunch craft.  Captain William Robeson was in command, here engineers were Bryan Jones and his son, and the pilots were Henry Edge and LeRoy Smith.

At the time of the accident, the Tar Heel had only about a 25 ton cargo, consisting mostly of lard for the Armfield Company.

The Wilmington Star of Saturday morning says:

The steamer “Tar Heel,” of the Merchants and Farmers’ Steamboat Co., plying regularly between Wilmington and Fayetteville went to the bottom night before last at Old Court House Landing, above Elizabethtown, on the Cape Fear river.  Whether she foundered while tied up for the night or ran upon shoals in that vicinity and punched a hole in her bottom was not stated in a telegram received by General Manager T. D. Love, of this city, yesterday.  Mr. Love left at once for the scene of the accident and hopes to have the steamer afloat in a short time.

The “Tar Heel” was in command of Capt. W. McK. Robeson, and was  bound up the river with a cargo of general merchandise for upper Cape Fear points.  No particulars of the accident could be learned here yesterday.

The Tar Heel’s Cargo Saved.

The City of Fayetteville arrived from Wilmington Sunday evening.  Capt. Bradshaw says that when he reached the Tar Heel with the wrecking crew and lighter on Friday, the cargo had already been landed on the shore.  The Tar Heel was lying in five feet of water at that time, and later when the real freshet came, her upper deck was just visible.  The accident was caused by an uncharted stump, which stove a hole in her bottom.

[Fayetteville Observer – Thursday, September 24, 1903.]




Steamers City of Fayetteville, Highlander

and Hurt Under One Control.


The South Atlantic Transit Company has been formed, an has secured control of the Merchants’ and Farmers, Cape Fear and Fayetteville and Wilmington Steamboat companies.  This gives the new company control of the steamers City of Fayetteville, Highlander and A. P. Hurt, the best steamers on the river.

The new line went into effect today.  The South Atlantic Transit Company is composed of Messrs. A. A. Lisman, of New York; Duncan McEachern and T. D. Love, of Wilmington, and W. S. Cook, of Fayetteville.

Mr. Love is general agent at Wilmington, and Mr. W. S. Cook general agent at Fayetteville.

All the boats of the company are tied up on account of low water.  The river is lower now than it has been in two years, there being only about a foot of water at Fayetteville.

The City of Fayetteville is tied up here, the Highlander at Fayetteville, and the Hurt at Court House Falls.

The company will operate only two steamers on a regular schedule.

Yesterday’s Fayetteville Observer has this to say of the deal:

Tomorrow the South Atlantic Transit Company, recently incorporated under the laws of New York, will assume charge of the steamboat traffic on the Cape Fear between Fayetteville and Wilmington.

This company has leased the following steamers:  The A. P. Hurt, of the Peoples and Cape Fear Steamboat Company; The Highlander, of the Farmers’ and Merchants Steamboat Co.; and the City of Fayetteville, of the Fayetteville and Wilmington Steamboat Co.  These three boats are the pick of the Cape Fear river fleet, with the exception of the Tar Heel, recently built.  What disposition will be made of the Tar Heel and the Hawes, which boats are owned by two of the above companies, we are not yet able to say.

Col. W. S. Cook is the general freight and passenger agent of the new company, and Mr. T. D. Love, of Wilmington, is superintendent of transportation.

[Wilmington Dispatch – October 1, 1903]

The steamer Tar Heel, which went to the bottom several weeks ago, was raised and brought down under her own steam.  She is on the marine railway.

[Wilmington Dispatch —  October 13, 1903]

Death of Capt Garrason.

Not only the people of Fayetteville but of all the Cape Fear country will receive with sorrow the news of the death of Capt. Alonzo Garrason, who, after a long period of ill health and much suffering, passed away at his residence on Person street at 2 o’clock Thursday night, aged 70 years.

Capt. Garrason was detailed for special service in the machinery department of the Confederate arsenal at this place during the civil war, where his skill and devotion to duty were exceptionally valuable.  About the year 1868 he took command of the Murchison, one of the finest steamers on the river, and for many years he ranked as one of the most popular and efficient captains that ever plied the Cape Fear.  Subsequently he engaged in merchandising, and up to his death was one of the leading grocers of Fayetteville.

The deceased married Miss Belle Beasley, daughter of the late Rev. J. M. Beasley; who survives him with one son, Mr. John Garrason, a daughter, Mrs. T. F. Cheek, having died some years ago.  He was born in Brunswick county, near Wilmington.

Capt. Garrason was a member of the First Baptist church, from which the funeral took place Sunday at 3:30 o’clock.


Funeral of Capt. Garrason.

A very large gathering of mourning relatives and friends attended the funeral services over the remains of the late Capt. Alonzo Garrason from the First Baptist Church Sunday afternoon, Rev. F. W. Eason conducting the exercises.  The deceased was escorted to the grave by the Knights of Pythias, and following were the pallbearers:  Honorary—Capts. W. A. Robeson, A. B. Williams, I. C. Bond, Messrs A. H. Slocomb, Charles Kennedy, B. G. Hollingsworth; active—Capt. R. A. Southerland, Dr. J. F. Highsmith, Messrs. C. B. McMillan, W. L. Holt, M. F. Crawford, E. L. Remsburg, A. E. Rankin, E. W. Nolley.

[Fayetteville Observer – Thursday, November 12, 1903]

New Steamboat Line for the River.

Says the Wilmington Dispatch:

A new steamboat company was organized this week at Elizabethtown.  The stockholders are leading men of that place.  The chief promoter and principal stockholder is Mr. A. E. Martin, of Fayetteville, who will be the general agent.

A line of boats will be operated on the upper Cape Fear river between Wilmington and Fayetteville in competition with the South Atlantic Company, which is now operating four steamers on the river, viz:  City of Fayetteville, Highlander, Hurt and E. A. Hawes.

At a meeting of the directors of the new company in Elizabethtown Wednesday morning it was decided to purchase the steamer Tar Heel from Mr. T. D. Love, of this city.  The sale will be confirmed in Wilmington next Monday and the steamer will be put on a schedule by the new company.  The Tar Heel is a comparatively new boat.  She is 100 feet long, 20 feet wide and is considered the lightest draught boat on the river.  The purchase price has not been made public but we understand the new company got a good trade.  The name of the Wilmington agent for the line has not been announced.

Says the Wilmington correspondent of the Raleigh Post:

A new steamboat company was organized this week at Elizabethtown, N. C.  Mr. E. A. Martin, of Fayetteville, is the principal stockholder and general agent.  The company will operate a line of steamers on the Cape Fear river between Wilmington and Fayetteville in competition with the South Atlantic Company.  The new company has purchased the Steamer Tar Heel from Mr. T. D. Love, of this city.  The line will be in operation next week.

It was officially announced that Mr. T. D. Love, of Wilmington, the well known steamboat man, will operate a line of steamers on the Santee and Congaree rivers between Georgetown and Columbia, S. C., a distance of two hundred miles.  This is one of the most important river transportation ventures ever made in the Carolinas.  The new line will open up one of the best farming sections of South Carolina, besides giving Columbia an all water route to New York, using the Clyde Line, which runs to Georgetown.  It will also give a water route from Charleston to Columbia via Georgetown.  The business men of Columbia, feeling that the railroad rates on freight are excessive, started the movement to establish an all water line and have guaranteed Mr. Love a large tonnage.  The new line will be in operation in two weeks.  Steamers from the Cape Fear river fleet will be used on the Georgetown and Columbia line.


Is This Our “Highlander?”

Under the head “The Sale of the ‘Highlander”” the Wilmington Star quotes the following from the Columbia (S. C.) State:

*   *   *

Secretary Watson of the Chamber of Commerce stated last night that the $12,000 steamer to be used on the line, between Columbia and Georgetown, is now being caulked and braced and made ready for her ocean trip in tow down the coast, and that this work will be completed by the end of the week.  The steamer will take the ocean from the port of Southport, N. C., at once, provided weather conditions are favorable.

Already many applications are being made by business houses who wish the distinction of bringing in the first cargo.  It is probable that the boat will come up to Columbia on her maiden trip, loaded with a cargo of steel from Pittsburg.

For the present at least and possibly for a year this steamer and others, if the business warrants it, will be operated to steamship connections at Georgetown.

The boat with which the Capital City will become an inland port is a handsome one, of 130 tons burden, capable of carrying 175 bales of cotton between decks, or 1,000 bags of guano.  Her machinery is entirely new, carrying a 150 horse power marine boiler of 150 pounds pressure.  She is a stern wheel steamer, 140 feet in length over all and 26 feet beam.  Her draft is only 23 inches.  On the upper deck are the captain’s office, the drug room, the steward’s quarters, four large staterooms and accommodations for 65 passengers.  The rate of speed is 10 miles an hour against stream.  At present the steamer bears the name “Highlander,” but this will be changed.  The line will be operated by men of long experience in river navigation, and all freight traffic will be quoted by those who have made river navigation matters a specialty for many years, thus avoiding all the troubles that would naturally come from inexperience.

[Fayetteville Observer – Thursday, January 28, 1904]

— The river steamer “Highlander” will go on the ways at Skinner’s Thursday, preparatory to being taken around to her new port of Columbia, S. C.  The “Wilmington” goes on the ways Monday and it was impossible to get the “Highlander” ahead of her.

[Wilmington Star – January 31, 1904]

Tar Heel Steamboat Company.

Says the Wilmington Star, of Sunday.

The steamer “Tar Heel,” recently purchased by the Tar Heel Steamboat Company, of Elizabethtown, arrived yesterday on its maiden trip under the new management.  Capt. Jeff Bradshaw, the veteran steamboat man, is master of the “Tar Heel” and the wharf at foot of Chestnut street has been engaged by the new company as a landing for the new boat.  Mr. S. M King, of Elizabethtown, will be the Wilmington agent for the new boat and will look after its interests at this end of the line.

Mr. E. C. Clark, of Elizabethtown, one of the stockholders of the new company, was here yesterday installing the new agent in his office.

[Fayetteville Observer – Feb. 11, 1904]

Highlander Off the Ways.

The steamer “Highlander” came off the ways at Skinner’s yesterday and her cabin is being braced now, preparatory to the sea trip around to the river and up to Columbia, S. C., from which point she will be operated.  It is not known when the steamer will be transferred to her new home port as much depends on the weather.

[Wilmington Star? – February 15, 1904]

The New Boat Line.

Says the Elizabethtown correspondent of the Clarkton Express:

The steamer Tar Heel, recently purchased by the Tar Heel Steamboat Company, made its initial trip last Friday, carrying a large freight and several passengers.

The above named company has been incorporated and a board of directors elected as follows: A. E. Martin, J. B. McFadyen, C. W. Lyon, J. O. West and J. S. Williamson. At a meeting of the board of directors the following officers were elected: President, C. W. Lyon; Treasurer, A. E. Martin; Secretary, J. S. Williamson. A. E. Martin is general manager, with offices at Fayetteville, and S. M. King agent at Wilmington.  The boat will leave Fayetteville on Mondays and Thursdays at 9 a. m. and Wilmington on Tuesdays and Fridays at 4 o’clock p. m. The people living along the Cape Fear River are to be congratulated on having competitive lines, which will secure fair treatment and reasonable rates.

[The Fayetteville Observer – February 18, 1904]



Two Boats Will Run Between Capital City
and our Port in a Short Time.


It is quite probable that two boats will be plying the Congaree before the yellow jasmine throws its perfume over the banks of the turbid stream which will carry the vessel of commerce from Columbia to Georgetown.  It is just a matter of whether or not the receipts of the boat line justify the addition of a second boat, for the “Highlander” will soon be ready for its mission.

Mr. E. J. Watson, secretary of the Chamber of Commerce, has assurance that the accommodation of an additional steamer will be supplied whenever the business justifies it.  The scarcity of freight cars has been an annoyance for months, but it appears that shippers will not be troubled with a scarcity of steamers.

The first steamer of commerce to ply the waters between Columbia and Georgetown is expected this week.  Mr. E. J. Watson, secretary of the Chamber of Commerce, has received advice to the effect that the new boat has been made ready for the coastwise tug from Wilmington to Georgetown.  It is stated that the “Highlander” will be towed to Georgetown by the steamer “Sanders.”  Capt. J. C. Smith will be master of the “Highlander” and Capt. W. A. Snell will be coast pilot for the trip around to Georgetown.  Mr. T. D. Love, manager of the Wilmington and Fayetteville lines, will accompany the steamer around to the new company.

The Wilmington Star says: Capt. J. C. Smith, who has been engaged to take the steamer “Highlander” around to Columbia, S. C., will be captain of the “Highlander” on her run from Columbia to points on the Congaree, Wateree and Santee rivers.  Capt. Smith is a veteran steamboat master and his selection for the new line is a good one.”

Capt. J. C. Tamplet of the snag boat “Great Pee Dee,” spent yesterday in the city, as his boat was tied up at the “wharf” at Gramby on account of yesterday being a holiday.  The river was up 10 feet and steadily rising.  On his recent trip on the river when the stream was at its lowest point in many months, Capt. Tamplet reports that his boat encountered no difficulty, although it has a draught of three and one half feet.  The propeller struck against a submerged log once and this was the only trouble on the entire trip.  He thinks the river easily navigable by boats the size of the “Highlander” and is annoyed by only one thing – the big freshets of recent years have washed away the banks and have covered submerged logs with sand.  When he attempts to raise the logs the efforts are attended with great trouble for the ends of the logs break off.  However, he is getting the bed of the stream in much better condition than when he started to work some time ago. –

Columbia State. {SC newspaper}

[The Sunday Outlook – Georgetown, SC – February 27, 1904]

“The Highlander,” the new boat to run between Columbia and Georgetown, arrived in the city yesterday afternoon at 5.30.  She is at the dock in rear of the opera house.

[The Sunday Outlook – Georgetown, SC – Saturday Night March 12, 1904]




Had a Successful, but Somewhat

Hazardous Trip.




Whistle of Columbia’s First Steamer

Of Commerce Was Sounded at

“Old Granby” Last Night.


The Highlander is here.  It was a hard trip, but was made without accident.  After leaving Georgetown the boat was in motion but 35 hours, covering a distance of 212 miles, at the rate of six miles an hour up stream.  Considering the many disadvantages, the trip was made in short time.  The Highlander carried but a small cargo as the manager of the boat line, Mr. T. D. Love, declined to handle much freight on the initial trip.  His boat draws 23 inches without any cargo, and he did not want to take any risks the first time up the river.

It was Thursday night when the boat left Georgetown with the ears of the crew ringing with the cheerful prediction of the people of the lumber city that the boat would never reach Columbia.  And it was a hazardous trip – but the boat is here, having not once encountered unsuccessfully those hidden dangers of which warning had been given.  The delays commenced as soon as Georgetown was left.  Crossing the Winyah bay, eight miles from Georgetown, the Highlander entered the government canal which leads from the bay to the Santee river – for the city of Georgetown is 13 miles from the Santee and it is only by the use of this canal that boats can go from Columbia to the coast city.

It was in this canal that the dredge was found grounded, and the Highlander’s course was impeded until the tide came in and the dredge got off.  The canal has sufficient water to float boats of considerable draught, but the dredge was grounded unaccountably.  Friday morning the Highlander got under way again and made good time up the Santee, although the trip was made more trying because the Wateree river is on a boom and a rise of 15 feet was encountered in the Santee some miles below the mouth of the Wateree.

The trip was made slowly, as much with the view to locating landings and places at which to buy wood as to avoid possible obstructions.  Down near the Northeastern bridge the smokestacks of the Louise were found sticking out of the water.  Mr. Love had been offered an option on the sunken river steamer which had been plying the Santee for a distance of 100 miles up the stream, but he knows nothing of her machinery and her hull is 20 years old, so he did not purchase the stranded Louise.

The Hidden Dangers.

The voyage was without incident except for the fact that hundreds of “sinkers” were encountered, and the boat had to be guided around them.  It is this which makes the channel hazardous.  The snag boat Pee Dee had removed many such obstructions, and the only suggestion which is offered by the crew of the Highlander is that the coves along the shore should be kept clear of debris, for in making a bend in the river the prow of the boat is sometimes thrust into these coves, and the obstructions should be removed.

The “sinkers” are logs from trees which had been tapped for turpentine.  One end of such a log is heavier than the other and sinks into the water.  The lighter end frequently is carried below the surface of the water and remains a menace to boats coming up stream.  For should they run across  this impediment with one end wedged into the mud in the bottom of the river, the boat’s bottom might be ruined.  It was in avoiding hidden dangers such as these that the skipper of the Highlander ran his boat very slowly.

Last night at 6 o’clock Mr. E. J. Watson received a telegram from Fort Motte announcing that the Highlander had passed through the draw bridge near there at noon yesterday.  Accompanied by a party of Columbians Mr. Watson drove to the landing back of the Granby mill which is used by the government people who are building the dam across the river.  No boat was there.  The party walked out on the coffer dam which extends half way across the river and inspected the work which has been done by the government.

The Government Works.

The locks on the Lexington side of the river have been completed at a cost of a quarter of a million dollars, and half of the permanent dam has been completed – starting from the Lexington side.  The coffer dam for the construction of the remaining half of the permanent dam has been finished, or will be this week, and the entire dam will be intact by the 1st of July.  The coffer dam is an immense circular basin surrounding the place upon which the permanent dam will be erected, and keeps the river out while the masons are at work.

As soon as the dam is finished the Highlander will be able to come into the locks and to float up the river to the foot of Senate street, where the wharf will be located.  For the present the landing at old Granby will used and the cargo will be brought into the city on drays.  The agency of the dam will be to deepen the water between that point and Gervais street in order that boats may pass over the boulders in the bed of the stream.  However, the dam will be constructed with due regard to the canal, and the water power of that agency of manufactures will not be affected.

While examining the work on the dams the party from Columbia observed a light far off down the river.  The watchman declared this to be fishermen out on the stream, but presently there was a noise unmistakably that of a steamer, and for an hour the lights were watched eagerly as they swung closer to the city.  First there was one tiny speck, then two, and finally the signal light was seen clearly, and then the outline of the boat from bow to stern.  The Highlander stopped several hundred yards down the river from the dam and tied up at the landing at old Granby – one of the forgotten towns of South Carolina, a place once populous, now as deserted as is Hamburg, once Augusta’s competitor.

As there is a broad creek between the government works and the old Granby landing the visitors from the city engaged the services of a boatman and went down the river in a skiff to be the first to board the boat of which so much is expected in behalf of Columbia’s upbuilding.

The Highlander a New Boat.

The Highlander is a new boat, built in November, 1901, and every day that she has been in service she has been handled by the veteran river master, Capt. Jas. C. Smith, who has seen 32 years’ service on inland waterways, and yet is willing to admit that he does not know all about river channels.  However, his successful trip with the Highlander adds to his fame as a river captain, and he has brought the boat through in great shape.  It is over a month since the steamer left Wilmington, having been tied up at Southport for nearly three weeks waiting for the Atlantic ocean to offer a favorable opportunity for the run down the coast to Georgetown.  With Capt. Smith are the following officers of the crew:  LeRoy Smith, mate; James Peeples, chief mate and F. T. Gaskill, ship carpenter.  Mr. Gaskill is the builder of the boat, and Capt. Smith declares it to be the sturdiest river craft he has ever managed in his 32 years of navigation.  The hull is four inches in thickness and will stand a lot of hard knocks.

Henry Izard, a colored pilot, came with the boat and showed the way to Columbia, for he has made the trip before with government tugs.  Mr. Leroy Smith stayed by the wheel all the time and made a careful chart of the stream, giving in detail the location of every apparent and every suspected obstruction.  On the return trip he will use these memoranda as a guide and will note the appearance of other obstructions.  In this way it may be possible to shorten the time in which the trip can be made.

It is 49 miles from Columbia to the Santee, and this part of the trip was made easily, for having bucked the 15 {?} foot rise in the Santee the skipper found that the current of the Congaree had been checked by the high water in the larger stream.

An Exploring Expedition.

“From the way they tried to discourage us in Georgetown, said Capt. Smith, “one would have thought that there was a stick of dynamite at every turn of the river, but we got through all right.  We are on what is virtually an exploring expedition, and had to keep a sharp lookout for snags.  I don’t know yet where the best water is and can shorten the trip when I learn the river a little better.”  He has been a boat captain on the St. John’s and St. Mary’s rivers in Florida and the Cape Fear and Northeast rivers in North Carolina, and has the air of a man of rare intelligence upon matters of river navigation.

There was but a small cargo aboard, the first people to receive consignments of groceries being Messrs. J. B. Friday and J. B. Gallant, who have aboard a shipment of molasses, and Mr. L. B. Dozier gets a consignment of fixtures for gas pipes.  The Highlander will not return until a good consignment is aboard as the initial trip has been very expensive.  The river was low yesterday, one foot and nine inches above the very lowest, and Mr. Love is gratified that the boat has made the trip with no mishap in such conditions.

The Highlander will be tied up at old Granby today, and Mr. Love will have the boat in readiness for inspection by visitors.  It is not an ocean steamer, not a pretentious vessel, but it will answer every purpose required of it, and is quite a “find.”  Columbia was able to get the use of this boat without making a purchase, for there are too many boats operating on the Cape Fear between Wilmington and Fayetteville.  If this venture pays, a second boat will be arranged for.  Mr. Love stated last night that all he asks is a reasonable amount of freight at a fair rate of toll.

The Boat’s Dimensions.

While essentially a freight boat, the Highlander will carry passengers and has berths for 37.  There are two nice staterooms for passengers in addition to the officers’ quarters and there is also the ladies’ cabin with berths and the gentlemen’s cabin with a number of cozy bunks.  The Highlander is 135 feet long over all, 100 feet at the water line, and 23 feet wide on the beam.  The wheel and the machinery are in the stern.  Capt. Smith makes the assertion that a side wheeler like the Clark would be almost useless on the river.  The Highlander draws 23 inches and loaded to its full capacity of 123 tons will draw but 3 1-2 feet.  The tonnage is equivalent to the capacity of six box cars, and with two trips a week, as it is expected the regular schedule will afford, the Highlander should do a lot of hauling between Columbia and the coast, the consignments being transferred to ocean going vessels at Georgetown.

When the Columbia party got aboard the mate by request gave three long pulls at the whistle, and the deep, musical notes reverberated over the forest telling the city of Columbia that at 8.30 p. m., on the night of the 20th of March, 1904, she had become an “inland port.”

[The State – Columbia, SC – March 21, 1904]




“Highlander” is Not Getting

Enough Outgoing Freight.




The Regular Trips of the Boat Commenced

Two Months Ago and Results Are Fairly Satisfactory.


There was a numerously attended and an enthusiastic joint meeting last night of the river navigation committee of the Chamber of Commerce and subscribers to the Highlander’s subsidy fund.  The meeting went over the situation  in detail, receiving full reports from Manager Love as to the business done by the boat since it began its regular trips about 60 days ago.

These reports showed that while the business is steadily increasing it is still far short of what it should be and it was decided to ask for an increase of the subsidy.  A majority of the Columbia merchants have already subscribed, but there are still many who have not.

The committee will at an early date personally see these merchants whose names are not on the list, and in addition will ask subscriptions from other classes of business men.  The boat needs more outgoing business.  She could also haul more incoming freight, and plenty of this could be obtained if the merchants would take the precaution to instruct shipment via the Clyde line in care of the Highlander.

The inability of the Highlander to secure business enough to meet expenses is due in a large measure, however, to the generally slack season in the movements of freight.

[The State – Columbia, SC – June 11, 1904]




Burned Near Georgetown on

Downward Trip.




Manager T. D. Love Received Telegram

Giving Information, but Furnishing

No Details – No Cargo Aboard.


Manager T. D. Love of the Highlander was greatly surprised and profoundly shocked last night by a telegram which came to him at midnight from Capt. J. C. Smith saying the boat had been burned 25 miles above Georgetown.  The telegram gave no particulars and nothing is known here as to the origin of the fire.  The telegram was dated Georgetown and simply said “Highlander lost by fire 24 miles above Georgetown.  Total loss.”

The boat was on its way to Georgetown at the time and had no cargo.  The vessel was practically new, having been built only three years ago, and was valued at $12,000.  It was insured for only $3,000, with J. H. Boatwright & Son at Wilmington, N. C.  Although the telegram says “total loss,”  Manager Love is of the opinion that much of the machinery may be saved.  The loss falls heavily on Mr. Love – he and not the Chamber of Commerce being the owner.

The Highlander was the first and only boat on the line the Chamber of Commerce instituted this spring to give Columbia water connection with the coast.  The business has steadily increased since the first trips and arrangements had just been made for hauling cotton, which would greatly relieve the situation and for which the Chamber of Commerce had been working for several months.

Just what steps will be taken to put another boat in commission on the river cannot be said at this time, but there is no doubt but that this will be done as quickly as the Chamber of Commerce can make the arrangements.

[The State – Columbia, SC – June 17, 1904]



Steamer Highlander Destroyed by

Fire Last Thursday Morning.

No Lives Lost.


Last Thersday morning about 9 0’clock, the Steamer Highlander which runs from this port to Columbia, was totally destroyed by fire on the Santee River, near Fawn Hill landing.  The boat was a total wreck in thirty minutes after the fire started.  Fawn Hill is about 25 miles from this city.

An OUTLOOK man interviewed Capt. J. R. S. Sian, who was making a trip with the boat, in regard to the accident.  He said no one knew how the fire originated.  One of the deck hands first saw the fire and gave the alarm.

“Both Capt. Smith and myself,” said Capt. Sian, “were sick and lying down when the alarm was given.  Buckets of water were thrown on the blaze and in a few minutes the pumps were started, but the boat burned like tinder, having a strong head wind, and in thirty minutes she was completely destroyed.  The fire was first seen over the boiler.”

In getting out Capt. Sian lost a gold watch and a rifle.  Capt. Smith lost about $300 in personal effects.  Capt. J. C. Smith, Capt. J. R. S. Sian, Mate Leroy Smith, Pilot Henry Izard and eight deck hands were on board.  All escaped without injury.

As soon as it was found that the boat could not be saved, she was ran ashore and the crew jumped off.  Capt. Sian said that the negroes were completely panic stricken and could not get them to do anything at all.  The Highlander only had a very light load of freight.  She was valued at $12,000 and had $3,000 insurance.  Capt. Smith hired a cart and brought the crew to the city.  They got in about 9 o’clock Thursday night.

Mr. E. C. Haselden had about $100 worth of goods lost on the boat.  Information from Columbia advised us that another boat will be secured and put on from Columbia to Georgetown.

[The Sunday Outlook – Georgetown, SC – June 18, 1904]

After “City of Fayetteville.”

Yesterday afternoon’s Columbia Record said:  “Negotiations are now on foot for the magnificent steamer, “City of Fayetteville,” for the river work here, and to-morrow a representative of the company from Wilmington will come here and confer with the boat committee.  To-day a telegram was received from Mr. W. S. Cook, the president of the Merchants and Farmers’ Steamboat Company, of Fayetteville and Wilmington, offering the boat provided satisfactory arrangements can be made for its running on the same commission as that given Mr. T. D. Love.  One of the company’s representatives will be here and the whole matter will be discussed at the next meeting.”

[Wilmington Star – July 7, 1904]

To Rebuild the Highlander.

The stockholders of the Merchants and Farmers’ steamboat Company held a meeting in Wilmington yesterday, with Mr. Oliver Evans, of this city, presiding, and decided to rebuild the Highlander, which was recently destroyed between Georgetown and Columbia, S. C.  Bids for the purchase of the machinery of the burned steamer “Highlander” were received and opened, but none of them was considered satisfactory.  The stockholders decided to recover the machinery from the river near Georgetown, S. C., for themselves and to rebuild the boat as early as practicable.  The machinery will be brought to Wilmington and the boat will be rebuilt there.

[Fayetteville Observer – Thursday, July 21, 1904]

The Steamer “City of Fayetteville”
in  Trouble.

A few days ago Mr. Herbert Lutterloh got a restraining order against the Fayetteville & Wilmington Steamboat Company, and an order to show cause why a receiver should not be appointed for the company.  Yesterday the order was vacated and judgment given Mr. Lutterloh for a bond $450, and $150 additional.

Yesterday John I. Jacobs, of New York, to whom had been assigned claims of the crew of the City of Fayetteville, for salaries due them, obtained seven judgments amounting to $1,240 in all, and execution was issued, and Constable Goddard levied on the “City of Fayetteville.”

The boat is still in his hands, awaiting further developments in the case.

[Fayetteville Observer, Thursday, October 27, 1904]

The Cape Fear Steamboat Matter.

The Wilmington star of Sunday says:

The Star was in error yesterday in stating that the steamer “Hawes” was one of the fleet of the Cape Fear and Peoples’ Steamboat Company, which went into the hands of a receiver Friday.  The “Hawes” is owned and operated independently of the Cape Fear Steamboat Co., Capt. W. A. Robeson having purchased her about three months ago.  Mr. J. A. Munn is Wilmington agent of the “Hawes” and she is doing a good river shipping and is paying.

Papers in the receivership of the Cape Fear Steamboat Co. were filed with the Clerk of the Superior Court here yesterday and copies transmitted to Fayetteville for service on the agents of the corporation there.  Receiver D. McEachern executed the required bond of $1,000 with Hon. Jno. D. Bellamy and Mr. Jno. S. Armstrong as sureties.

[Fayetteville Observer – Thursday, November 3, 1904]

Receiver’s Sale.

By virtue of a decree of the Superior court of New Hanover county, made in the case of H. L. Vollers et al, vs the Cape Fear & People’s Steamboat Co., the undersigned Receiver will sell to the highest bidder, at public auction for cash, in the city of Wilmington on the 11th day of February, 1905, at 12 o’clock, M, at the wharf on the Cape Fear River, between Dock and Orange streets, in said city of Wilmington, the steamer A. P. Hurt and all her tackle, apparel and furniture.



[Fayetteville Observer – Thursday,  February 2, 1905]

Sale of Steamer Hurt.

The steamer A. P. Hurt, of the Cape Fear and People’s Steamboat Co. with her tackle, apparel and all other appurtenances, was sold yesterday at auction under receiver’s sale at the wharf of the company, in Wilmington.  Mr. W. J. Meredith having become the purchaser at $2,475 says the Wilmington Star, of Sunday:

The sale was conducted by Hon Jno. D. Bellamy, attorney for Receiver D. McEachern, and the bidders, besides Mr. Meredith, were Col. W. S. Cook and Mr. A. E. Martin, of Fayetteville, and Mr. C. H. Dock, of Wilmington.  The sale is subject to confirmation of the court, under a decree of which, in the case of H. L. Vollers and others against the company, the property was ordered sold.  It is understood that the bid of Mr. Meredith will be raised ten per cent before confirmation, in which event, the steamer will probably be re-sold.

Mr. Meredith said last night that in the purchase of the steamer he was representing a new and entirely independent company, which proposes, if the sale is confirmed, to operate the steamer on the Cape Fear under the same name which she now bears.  It is understood that Mr. A. J. Johnson, of Clear Run, is associated with Mr. Meredith and others in the new company.

[Fayetteville Observer – Thursday, February 16, 1905]

To Rebuild the Steamer Hurt.

The Wilmington Star of Saturday says:

Mr. W. J. Meredith, who purchased the steamer A. P. Hurt at receiver’s sale recently, announces that he has conveyed his interest in the same to the Tar Heel Steamboat Company, of this city, and that the new owners will take her in charge immediately.  The Hurt will be placed on the marine railway and will undergo a thorough overhauling after which she will resume her run on the Cape Fear river as an additional freight and passenger boat with the steamer “Tar Heel” now operated by the above company.

[Fayetteville Observer – Thursday, March 16, 1905]

The sale the other day of the steamer “City of Fayetteville,” for $11,750—costing $30,000 to build, exclusive of its expensive wharfs, automatic freight and passenger lifts, and bonded for $125,000—set me to thinking of old flush times on the Cape Fear river, when the steamers plied the waters, loaded with goods to the gunwale, and the saloons and staterooms were full of passengers.  There was nothing of any exciting interest about the journey between Wilmington and Fayetteville, but the trip was always pleasant.  The captain walked his quarterdeck “monarch of all he surveyed, but he was a kindly autocrat, and his passengers were his well cared for family.

Captain S. W. Skinner, now a citizen of Wilmington, was for many years a steamboat captain on the Cape Fear, and no man was more cordially liked and more highly esteemed than he throughout Fayetteville and from one end of the river to the other.

One night, many years ago, when Captain Skinner was commanding the steamer Hurt or Governor Worth, he was on one of his up trips from Wilmington to Fayetteville.  It was cold, sleety weather, and the mate, wrapped up to his ears, slipped and slided on the decks as he made his rounds.  The sparks rushed out from smoke stack in angry battle array against the deepening gloom, and the laboring craft churned the black, cold waters in impatience of her dreary task.  The interior of the saloon was cosy and comfortable, with a  good fire in the great box stove, but it was almost deserted, for the passengers going all the way through, after the evening spent in talk and cards, had retired to their berths.

A long awkward looking, typical backwoodsman, in a saffron jeans suit and sandy chin whiskers, was alone awake and restless—sitting on a rocking chair near the stove, spitting tobacco juice now into the spittoon on the left and then on the right, and peering anxiously through the cabin windows.  Finally a pine torch was seen waving on the river bank a few hundred yards ahead, the whistle blew frantically the deck hands were heard stamping about, and the passenger rose to his six lank feet of stature, and gathered up his bundles.

The boat rounded to, the captain gave his quick, sharp commands, the engine puffed and groaned in discordant protests at being stopped in such weather, then egro roustabonts jumped out on the bank, and carried a rope around a big juniper tree, the gangplank was put out—and then there was a pause.  “Where in thunder is the passenger to get off here?” demanded Captain Skinner.  “Hasn’t come down from the upper deck, sir.”  “Go after him, and bring him down, we can’t stop here all night!”  The mate found the dilatory passenger marching deliberately up and down the saloon, turning over chairs, ransacking cushions, looking behind doors, etc.”

“Come get out of here man; you are keeping the boat waiting.”  “Well mister, I carried down four pounds of lard to sell in Wilmington, and I can’t find the empty tin bucket, high ner low!”  There was no further parly.  The mate marched him out of the cabin by the shoulders, and he and the captain had him over the gangplank in a jiffy.

The passenger stood on the bank in the glare of the pine torch in the hands of his son, who had come down to wait for him.  He watched the rope and the plank pulled aboard, the bow of the steamer swing out to the middle of the stream, and the sheet of parks lengthen out to a broad sparkling ribbon on the curtain of the night, as the boat passed on its way.  He was silent, but he was thinking about something—and what he was thinking about will develop presently.

Two or three trips after this the Hurt going to Wilmington, was very late having been delayed several hours at Fayetteville by an unusually heavy freight, and was putting forth every effort to make up for lost time.  About 10 o’clock Captain Skinner, passing through the cabin, stopped to look over the shoulder of one of a quartette at whist, when there was a quick, sharp blow of the whistle; and, with an impatient, exclamation at the stoppage when he was in such a hurry he went out on the deck, to see a torch waving on the river bank below—it was the lard bucket man’s landing.

There he stood, looking on with languid interest while the steamer was put in to the bank and the gangplank thrown out, down to the end of which he strode, and hailed:  “Is that the steamer Hurt?”  “Why, blame your fool soul, you know it’s the Hurt!”  “Is that Captain Skinner?”  “Confound your picture, come aboard, if you are coming!”  “I don’t want to git aboard, but if that’s the Hurt and that’s Captain Skinner, I jist wanted ter know if he had found my lard bucket yit.”

Words were inadequate to that situation.  The captain gave just one wild sweeping gesture of arms and hands to signify to the pilot to go ahead, and dived into his stateroom.  I cannot give the thoughts of the backwoodsman as he tossed his torch into the river and ascended the bank, because I do not know what those thoughts were—as Dickens said about Job Trotter, when he outwitted Mr. Samuel Weller.

J. H. M.

Fayetteville, May 9.

[Wilmington Messenger – May 14, 1905]

The Old Steamer Hurt.

There is an impression prevalent among the people that the steamer Hurt, of the Tar Heel Steamboat Company, was simply to be overhauled, whereas the fact is that the Government Inspector condemned it.  Hence, the company decided to build a new boat, steel hull and modern in every respect, and the name will be changed.  Probably the name will be the Cape Fear, and they hope to have it ready by September 1st.

Mr. Martin, the general manager, informs the OBSERVER that he hopes to have the new boat second to none that has ever been on the river.

[Fayetteville Observer – Thursday, May 25, 1905]

A Queer New Boat for the Cape Fear.

The Wilmington Star of Friday has the following account of a new boat on the Cape Fear:

Mr. Jno W. Squires, of Natmore, Bladen county, came down the river yesterday in a neat little craft which he has rigged up himself and which he proposed to run as a freight boat upon a small scale between Wilmington and the “home port.”  The boat is about 25 feet long and has a stern wheel propelled by a hand-crank rigged up with a system of weights which propel the wheel quite rapidly and is productive of great speed.  The new boat was built outright by Mr. Squires, and on her initial trip, yesterday was anchored in Princess street dock, where she attracted a great deal of attention.

[Fayetteville Observer – Thursday, June 29, 1905]



His Body Reaches Fayetteville.

The remains of Mr. Hector Lloyd Pate, of Sherwood, this county, who was drowned Friday night by falling overboard from the steamer Tar Heel while the boat was on her way to Fayetteville, reached here at noon from Wilmington and was taken throughout the country to his home for burial.  The body was discovered yesterday floating near the place where the accident occurred, by Capt. Jim Williams, of the steam tug Navassa.

The Wilmington Star of Tuesday says:

Mr. Pate came to the city Friday on an excursion run by the owners of the steamer Tar Heel and spent the day here.  When the boat started on the return trip he was safely on board the steamer.  When near Mount Misery about seven miles from this city.  Mr. Pate went to descend the stairs leading from the upper to the lower deck.  In some way he tripped and fell and being unable to stop himself rolled overboard.  A boat was lowered immediately and a thorough search made for the body.  The unfortunate young man, however, was beyond mortal aid, as no trace of him was discovered whatsoever.

The father of the young man was immediately made aware of the sad end that had come to his son and he and Mr. Lloyd Hall, a neighbor and friend, went down to the spot Saturday morning where the accident happened and made a search for the body.  However, it was not recovered until yesterday morning.

Early in the morning Engineer George Grimsley while sitting in the engineer’s room of the tug Navassa, which tug was tied up to the factory wharf at Navassa, saw a body floating face downward in the water about 20 feet from the boat.  He immediately informed Captain Williams of his discovery and preparations for the recovery of the body were made at one.

Some time elapsed before the boat went after the body.  When the body was overtaken it was about one mile down Brunswick river, the tide having carried it that distance.

The body was towed back to Navassa and Dr. Moore, the coroner of Brunswick county, was sent for.  After viewing the remains he deemed an inquest unnecessary and gave permission for its removal and burial.

Mr. Freeman Yopp, assistant of Mr. W. F. Yopp, undertaker went to Navassa and brought the body to the city about 1 o’clock yesterday.  It was carried to the Yopp undertaking establishment and prepared for burial.  The body, of course, after its long stay in the water was in a bad condition.  It was very much discolored and decomposition had already begun.

Young Mr. Pate was about 24 years old and leaves to mourn his unexpected and extremely sad death a feather, a mother, three brothers and three sisters.  Mr. Pate was a farmer and had a reputation for being a young man of integrity and good character.


Funeral of Young Mr. Pate.

The funeral of Mr. Hector Lloyd Pate, who met death by falling from the steamer Tar Heel and drowning, took place Tuesday at the residence of the deceased’ father, Mr. James Pate, near Sherwood.  The services were conducted by Mr. Preston Stamps in the presence of a large concourse of neighbors and friends.

[Fayetteville Observer – Thursday, August 24, 1905]

Mr. Love Purchases the City of Fayetteville.

Mr. T. D. Love, the well known and popular steamboat man of Wilmington, has purchased the “City of Fayetteville” from Lisman, Lorge & Co. of New York, and will put her in commission as soon as some repairs are made.  “The City of Fayetteville” has been tied up at her wharf in Campbellton since the company went into the hands of a receiver, and her purchase by Mr. Love, for the purpose of running her between Fayetteville and Wilmington, will be hailed with delight by everyone.

The work of making the necessary repairs on the boat was begun to-day.

The purchase was made through Dr. H. W. Lilly, trustee, and S. H. MacRae, Esq., attorney, representing the northern owners, and Mr. James Evans, representing Mr. Love and the Merchants’ and Farmers’ Steamboat Company.  The purchase price was $8,950.  This, of course, does not include the valuable wharf and property of the Fayetteville and Wilmington Steamboat Company.

[Fayetteville Observer – Thursday, October 19, 1905]


The Steamer City of Fayetteville.

For the purpose of taking over the steamer “City of Fayetteville,” recently purchased from Lisman, Lorge & Company, of New York, through Dr. Lilly, Trustee, by Mr. T. D. Love, of Wilmington, and for the purpose of developing the steamboat business on the Cape Fear, Northeast and Black rivers, the Merchants’ & Farmers’ Steamboat Company was reorganized in Wilmington, Monday under the name of the Cape Fear Steamboat and Inland Waterway Company.

The Wilmington Star of Tuesday says:

The personnel of the stockholders is understood to include some of the largest shippers in the cities of Fayetteville, Wilmington and along the proposed routes of transportation.  The capital of the former company was substantially increased, and the following officers were elected at the meeting yesterday:

President–Z. W. Whitehead, of Wilmington

Vice-President–Mr. Oliver Evans, of Fayetteville

Secretary and Treasurer and General Manager–Mr. T. D. Love, of Wilmington

Superintendent–Mr. Frank Glover, of Fayetteville.

The new charter will give the company the right to operate steamers on the three rivers named, and the proposed inland water route from Norfolk to Wilmington and Georgetown, S. C., for the transportation of passengers and freight, and also to conduct a general towage business.

Between Wilmington and Fayetteville the head of navigation on the Cape Fear river there are ## landings or depots for the receipt of freight passengers while between Wilmington and Chinquepin, on the Northeast river, there are about an equal number of stops, with something like half the number on Black river.  The “City of Fayetteville,” everywhere acknowledged to be one of the finest passenger and freight boat in the two Carolinas, is 125 feet long, with double decks, saloons, and all necessary equipment, a cut of the new steamer being herewith given.

The new company proposes to give the river route people a superior service to anything they have ever had and confidently expects in return a generous patronage which has been assured by the shippers all along the routes.  Other boats will be added as the business grows and demands require it.  A number of new warehouses are to be erected at several of the more important points for the accommodation of the public.

The Wilmington office, at the foot of Chestnut street, will be in charge of Mr. T. D. Love the general manager of the line, an experienced and capable steamboat man who knows the business from A to Z, and who takes to steamboat and river navigation as naturally as a duck does to water.  At Fayetteville Messrs. J. & O. Evans, long identified with river navigation, will be the general agents and the company’s office will be in the Overbaugh House, recently purchased by these gentlemen.  The warehouse and wharves are to be connected by telephone.  Mr. Glover, the Superintendent, being in telephonic communication also with Wilmington and other points along the river.

It is the purpose of the Cape Fear & Inland Waterway Company to inaugurate the new schedule with the “City of Fayetteville” on or about November 1st.

The “City of Fayetteville” was built at an original cost of $28,000, and is now undergoing repairs at Fayetteville.  Her advent on the Cape Fear again will mark a new era in river navigation between here and Fayetteville.

[Fayetteville Observer – Thursday, October 26, 1905]

The new steel hull steamer C. W. Lyon, was launched yesterday at the Skinner shipyard and she was the first steel hull boat ever constructed in the state of North Carolina.  Miss Nettie Keith King, daughter of Mr. S. M. King, agent for the Tar Heel Steamboat Company, christened the new vessel as she glided into the peaceful waters of the Cape Fear.

The boat is named after Sheriff Lyon, of Bladen county, who is president of the Tar Heel Steamboat Company, owners of the boat.  The Lyon is 125 feet long, 25 feet in beam, with stern wheel and has a capacity for 50 passengers and 300 tons of freight.  Her engines are of 500 horse power.  The wood work of the boat will be completed in Fayetteville and she was towed there last night.  It will take about three weeks to complete the work and the Lyon will then be put on the run between Wilmington and Fayetteville.

The Wilmington Iron Works expects to go into the business of boat building, having been so successful with their first attempt.  The Tar Heel Steamboat Company got bids on specifications for a boat of the Lyon’s size from a number of ship building firms at different towns of the south Atlantic coast and the price paid the Wilmington Iron Works was fully 25 per cent. less than any bid received.

The company owning the Lyon also owns the Tar Heel.  The new boat will be put on her run about December 1st and will be quite an addition to the fleet of Cape Fear boats.  Business between Wilmington and Fayetteville and intermediate points is increasing rapidly and there is no reason why a large business, both passenger and freight, should not be done by the Lyon.  Mr. S. M. King will be the Wilmington agent.  A crew has not yet been selected.

[Wilmington Messenger – November 9, 1905 BRC]



“City of Fayetteville” Had Part of

Hurricane Deck Torn Away


She Was Making About Fifteen Miles Per Hour

and in Making a Turn Went Into Left Bank

of River – A Tree Which Extended Over the Bank

Tore Part of Deck Away,

Broke Whistle and Bent Smoke Stack.

Steamer Delayed Only a Short Time

by the Mishap.


The steamer City of Fayetteville arrived from Fayetteville yesterday morning about 10 o’clock and on her way down she met with an accident that caused a part of the hurricane deck on the port side of the vessel to be torn away.  The mishap occurred a short distance below Raccoon Bluff.  The steamer was taking a point to the starboard and the pilot got a little farther than he intended and to right the vessel put her in the opposite course.  Before he could put the vessel to starboard the steamer went into a tree that overlapped the left bank.  The hurricane deck on the port side for a length of about 15 feet and width of 6 feet was torn away and the smoke stack on the port side was slightly bent.  Just before the City of Fayetteville struck the tree a limb which extended some little distance out over the stream broke the whistle.  This allowed the steam to escape and the engine room was so filled with steam that the engineer was unable to see what was transpiring and it made such a noise that he could not hear the bell.  He knew something had happened and guessing the cause reversed his engines.  If this had not been done the damage would no doubt have been far worse.

When the accident occurred the steamer was making about 15 miles per hour.  The river is up considerably and with the aid of the rapidly flowing stream, the steamer was making good time.  There were quite a number of passengers on board and for a few moments some of them were a little frightened but it was all soon over.

The steamer was delayed but a very short time by reason of the accident and was not disabled in the least.

At the point where the accident occurred the river is not very wide and it is very crooked.  The speed at which the steamer was going no doubt caused her to meet with the accident for had she been going slow the pilot would have had time to change her course with far more ease.

[Wilmington Messenger – January 3, 1906]

After completing slight repairs here, the steamer City of Fayetteville resumed her run on the Cape Fear yesterday clearing for Fayetteville at 4 o’clock yesterday afternoon.

[Wilmington Paper – January 12, 1906]


The Dublin correspondent of the Clarkton Express writes that paper as follows:

It appears that steamboating is to regain its former prestige on the upper Cape Fear.  The Tar Heel Steamboat Company are at present running the steamer Tar Heel, and will soon place the fine new steamer C. W. Lyon in commission on the river.  The company has been very successful since its organization, the Tar Heel having paid handsomely and the growing business of the company necessitated the building of another boat.  The C. W. Lyon is said to be the first iron hull boat ever built in North Carolina.  It is an up to date boat, and will be equipped with all modern conveniences, including electric lights.  A few months ago Mr. T. D. Love, of Wilmington, purchased the magnificent steamer City of Fayetteville, and organized a stock company to operate it, and the steamer is now making regular trips between Wilmington and Fayetteville.  With the C. W. Lyon and the City of Fayetteville, both plying the waters of this important stream, the passenger and freight accommodations will be superb.  During the past several years farmers have been greatly annoyed during the spring months on account of freight congestion on the river, but now the boats will be able to handle the freight all right, which will be a great advantage to those getting their freight by water along the river.  They will also carry much through freight, because they furnish much cheaper rates than the railroads do.

[Fayetteville Observer – February 8, 1906]

Capt. LeRoy Smith has succeeded Capt. Henry Edge as master of the steamer City of Fayetteville.  Capt. Edge goes on the steamer Tar Heel, succeeding Capt. Jeff Bradshaw, who is now in command of the new steamer Lisbon.

[Wilmington Star – March 7, 1906]



River Steamers Tar Heel and Lyon Together With Crash Early Yesterday Morning




Accident Eighteen Miles Up Cape Fear.  Colored fireman Severely Injured and Brought to Hospital In This City.


As the result of a misunderstanding of signals by the pilots of the respective boats, the river steamers Tar Heel and C. W. Lyon, both belonging to the Tar Heel Steamboat Company, of which Mr. S. M. King is agent in this city, were in collision eighteen miles above Wilmington on the Cape Fear river yesterday morning about 4 o’clock.  The Tar Heel was slightly broken up and came into port slightly leaking.  The Lyon, being of iron hull, was not damaged and proceeded to Fayetteville.  Frank Cain, colored fireman on the Tar Heel, was jammed between a pile of wood on the deck of his boat and the colliding steamer, the result being that all the flesh was torn from the calf of his right leg to the bone, a very severe injury.

The Tar Heel was bound to Wilmington with light cargo of naval stores and about 20 steerage and cabin passengers.  The Lyon was bound to Fayetteville with general cargo.  It was yet dark when they met at Raccoon Bluff, the channel being very crooked at that point.  Each steamer blew one blast of its whistle, meaning to pass to starboard.  As they met and were in an oblique position, the Tar Heel blew four whistles, which means reduce speed and come along side.  The man in charge was slow to read the signal or it was given too slowly and the Lyon took it that they were to pass otherwise than first signaled.  The Lyon changed her course and the Tar Heel was struck on the port side by the other boat, both at reduced speed, however.  Fireman Cain started to run aft to escape but was caught on the pile of wood and severely jammed.  No bones were broken but the tearing of the flesh from the calf of his leg was a frightful injury and he will be laid up several weeks in the hospital in consequence thereof.  He has been on the river a number of years and has a family at Fayetteville.  The stair case of the Tar Heel was torn down on the port side and the hog chain parted.  The guards were carried away and the hull was cut into, causing the steamer to leak somewhat.  However, the pumps were put to work by Capt. J. A. Peoples, the engineer, and she came into port in good shape about 8:15 o’clock in the morning.  Temporary repairs were made and the steamer expected to resume her schedule last night.

The injured fireman was brought to Wilmington on the steamer and taken out to the James Walker Memorial Hospital in the ambulance.  Capt. Jeff Bradshaw is master of the steamer Lyon and Capt. Henry Edge is master of the Tar Heel.  They desired to come alongside and exchange a pilot when the accident occurred.

[Wilmington Star – April 18, 1906]



The Tar Heel and the Lyon Come
Together on the Cape Fear.


Yesterday morning, before daylight, the Steamers Tar Heel and C. W. Lyon, meeting on the Cape Fear, and desiring to exchange a pilot, by some misunderstanding came into collision, being about 18 miles above Wilmington.  The Tar Heel was somewhat broken up, and went into its wharf at Wilmington leaking; the Lyon was not damaged, and proceeded on its way to Fayetteville.  Frank Cain, colored fireman on the Tar Heel, was jammed against a pile of wood, receiving a severe injury to his leg, and was carried to the Memorial Walker Hospital in Wilmington.

[Fayetteville Observer – April 19, 1906]



Important Announcement as to Steamer City of Fayetteville.

The splendid river steamer City of Fayetteville, the most elegant perhaps ever operated on the Cape Fear, will cater to the excursion traffic between Wilmington and Fayetteville this Summer.  This announcement was made by Mr. T. D. Love, general manager of the line, yesterday.   The idea is to place the handsome boat at the disposal of select parties from the two cities during a half of each week during the heated period and there appears no doubt of the success of the experiment.

The excursion idea involves a change in the schedule of the steamer which goes into effect at once.  The “Fayetteville” in the future will leave Wilmington on Thursday afternoons of each week at 4 o’clock and leave Fayetteville Tuesday mornings at 8 o’clock for the general freight and passenger business.  After those days the boat may be chartered, by parties giving pleasure trips from Wilmington to Fayetteville and vice versa, leaving here at 6 P. M. Thursdays for Fayetteville, returning leave Fayetteville Saturday mornings # o’clock arriving in Wilmington at 10 P. M. Saturday nights.  The boat on excursion days will be entirely at the disposal of parties and will be operated on a fast through ### round trip

[Wilmington Star – May 3, 1906]

The “City of Fayetteville.”

The steamer City of Fayetteville, which has been tied up in Wilmington for a month or two having her boilers replaced by those of the old Highlander, which were recently recovered from the river near Georgetown, S. C., where the steamer burned, will be put in commission again this week.  It is understood that Mr. S. P. McNair will have charge of the affairs of the steamer at this end of the line.  The old boilers in the boat were too expensive to steam for the river operation.  A number of other improvements have also been made to the “Fayetteville.”

[Wilmington Star – October 14, 1906]



Steamer City of Fayetteville Will Resume Her Regular Run Thursday — Mr. S. P. McNair Now General Manager

Equipped with new boilers, refitted throughout and painted afresh, the “City of Fayetteville” will resume her regular trips on the Cape Fear river between Wilmington and Fayetteville on Thursday of this week, with Capt. Roy Smith in charge as captain.  The “City of Fayetteville” is by long odds the longest and handsomest steamer on the Cape Fear and is a combination passenger and freight boat with a licensed capacity for 110 passengers.

It will be interesting to the general public to know that Mr. S. P. McNair succeeds Mr. T. D. Love as general manager of the line, the latter having embarked quite extensively in the machinery and supply business with the Hyman Supply Co.  Mr. McNair is one of Wilmington’s most successful business men and a gentleman of large experience.  The other officers of the boat line remain the same as before, viz; Z. W. Whitehead, president, Oliver Evans, vice-president; T. D. Love, secretary, and S. P. McNair, treasurer and general manager.

[Wilmington Dispatch – October 16, 1906]

A River Steamer Tragedy.

John McDowell, a young negro deck hand on the steamer C. W. Lyon, was shot twice in the shoulder by Engineer J. A. Peoples, of Fayetteville, on the deck of the boat, which was lying at the wharf in Wilmington, Friday p.m. between 6 and 7 o’clock, and may die as the result of the wound.  He is in the Hospital and Dr. Gray, of the hospital staff, who made an examination of the wound, found that one of the main arteries had been severed and that the patient was having internal hemorrhages.  Engineer Peoples claims that the shooting was in self-defense and gave himself up at the police station at once.  Pending the result of McDowell’s injuries he is being held without bond.

Mr. Peoples’ version of the affair is to the effect that he was employed to go on the steamer Lyon to Fayetteville to bring the boat back, while the regular engineer went up on vacation.  Mr. People’s is regularly employed as engineer of the steamer Tar Heel of the same company which is now laid up for repairs.  He said that he went aboard the Lyon yesterday evening.  The negro was crowding the passage-way and he told him to get out of the way.  McDowell went off cursing him.  The engineer said he went on board the Tar Heel, which lay alongside, to get his belongings to transfer to the Lyon; that as he was crossing over to the Lyon in the dark some one shouted to him to lookout and as he turned his head the negro had an iron spade drawn to strike him.  In self-defense he drew the pistol and fired twice.  The negro dropped and later the ambulance was summoned and he was taken to the hospital.

[Fayetteville Observer – Thursday, November 15, 1906]

—  The steamer Tar Heel, of the Tar Heel Steamboat Company will be laid up here some time for repairs.  The steamer Lyon is making the regular schedule to Fayetteville and was here yesterday, clearing at 6 o’clock yesterday evening for the return.

[?? – November 17, 1906]

Inspecting River Steamboats.

United States Steamboat Inspectors Fred B. Rice and J. T. Borden Thursday inspected the steamer City of Fayetteville and also the Tar Heel.  The City of Fayetteville was found to be in good condition, but such was not the case with the Tar Heel.  The Wilmington Messenger says that when the inspectors went on the steamer they found men at work patching the boiler, which appeared not to be in the best of condition.  After examining the boiler Supervising Inspector Oast advised his local inspectors to condemn the boiler, which of course, will be done.  The boiler has been in use for the past 26 years and is said to be absolutely worn out.  It will take some time to get a new boiler here and get it installed, so the Tar Heel will be out of commission for some time to come.  Both of these boats run between Wilmington and Fayetteville.

[Fayetteville Observer – Thursday, November 29, 1906]

—Capt. LeRoy Smith, of the steamer City of Fayetteville, which arrived Sunday, is quite sick and was unable to take the steamer back yesterday evening.  Capt. Edge returned on the boat while Capt. Smith remains at his home here.  His friends, however, hope that he will be able to resume his command of the steamer upon her next trip.

[Wilmington Star – May 28, 1907]



Cape Fear Steamboat Men Have

Formed New Connection.

Mr. S. M. King, for several years the Wilmington agent of the Tar Heel Steamboat Company, operating the steamer C. W. Lyon between this port and Fayetteville, has severed his connection with the corporation and will leave this week for Augusta, Ga., where with Mr. A. E. Martin, of Fayetteville, and Captain J. D. Bradshaw, of this city, they have purchased a controlling interest in the Gibson Steamship Line, operating a large freight and passenger steamer between Augusta and Savannah on the river.  The change went into effect yesterday, June 1st.  Mr. King and Mr. Martin will be connected with the executive management of the line while Captain Bradshaw will be on the steamer.  Mr. King will be succeeded as Wilmington agent of the steamer Lyon by Mr. Fred Powell, who takes charge upon the arrival of the steamer this week.

Another rumored change in local steamboat circles is that Captain LeRoy Smith has resigned as master of the steamer City of Fayetteville and will go to Savannah, Ga., to engage in railroad work.

[Wilmington Star – June 2, 1907]


— The river steamers Johnson and Lyon were in port yesterday, but the stage of water in the river is still far from satisfactory.  The Johnson brought 80 bales of cotton and naval stores and the Lyon 45 bales of cotton and naval stores.  Both cleared for the return in the afternoon.

[Wilmington Morning Star – Thursday, November 7, 1907]


Remains Laid to Rest Yesterday

After Funeral Services

From Saint Andrew’s Presbyterian Church.

Vessels at Half Mast.


Impressive funeral services were conducted by the pastor, Rev. A. D. McClure, D.D., yesterday afternoon at 3:30 o’clock, from St. Andrew’s Presbyterian Church, over the remains of the late Capt. Samuel W. Skinner, who passed away after a

brief immediate illness with pneumonia in a hospital at Jacksonville, Fla., Tuesday evening.

The remains reached Wilmington on the late train from the South Wednesday night, and were taken to the family home in the city, No. 611 Orange street, where many friends called during the morning to pay their respects to the bereaved ones and to take a last sad look upon the face of one whom they held in such high regard. The attendance upon the services at the church was large and was composed of all classes of citizenship, for Captain Skinner was exceedingly democratic in his being, and his friends were numbered from among all the walks of life.

Especially in marine circles at the port was he held in highest esteem, and as a mark of respect to his memory every craft in the harbor yesterday had its flag at half-mast.

Captain Skinner had been identified with the shipping interests of the port of Wilmington ever since directly after the war, and established Skinner’s Marine Railway, with which he was actively engaged until about two years ago, when the business was turned over to his son, Mr. Louis H. Skinner, and he went to Florida, and had been engaged in marine railway construction for the East Coast Railroad.

The funeral hymns were sweetly rendered yesterday by the choir of St. Andrews, and upon the casket were a large number of very beautiful floral offerings from individual friends and organizations of the city. From the church the long funeral procession moved slowly to Oakdale cemetery, where all that was mortal of this highly esteemed citizen was committed to earth. The honorary funeral escort was composed of Mr. Samuel Northrop, Mr. G. G. Worth, Capt. Preston Cumming and Dr. W. J. H. Bellamy, while the active pall-bearers were Messrs. H. M. Foard, Hans A. Kure, W. C. Munds, Alex. S. Heide, T. E. Wallace and Capt. John W. Harper.

[Wilmington Morning Star – Friday, November 8, 1907]

The Boat Line From
Elizabethtown to Wilmington.

A correspondent in Elizabethtown to the Lumberton Robesonian of Monday says:

“Our people are much pleased at the schedule boat run on our river.  The C. W. Lyon leaves at 6 o’clock p. m. promptly, Tuesdays, Thursdays and Saturdays.  She leaves Wilmington promptly at 3 p. m. Mondays, Wednesdays, Fridays.  It is a pleasant trip.  No more obliging set of officials, from Capt. Sam King through the roster, including ‘Perry’, the steward, could be found.  Your comfort and pleasure is their concern.  Strangers should always include a run down our historic Cape Fear, in mapping out a trip.”

[Fayetteville Observer – Wednesday, March 22, 1911]


Zach. Roberts, a colored pilot on the Cape Fear river for years, died at his home in Campbellton, this city, Saturday morning at 5 o’clock.

Roberts had worked on the boats plying between this city and Wilmington practically all of his life.  He was with Capt. Albert Worth, Capt. Sandy Robeson and Captains Green, Smith, Cole and others as pilot.  He was on the boat with Capt. Skinner when the Robert E. Lee blew up, killing Alex. Jackson, Sam MacKay and Bill Gilmore, (all colored), and was badly scalded in the explosion.

Roberts was one of the few pilots who never had a serious accident on his boat.  He was respected by both white and colored for his faithful services.  He was buried from the First Congregational Church Sunday at 3 p. m.

[The Fayetteville Observer – February 19, 1913.]



The City of Fayetteville Sinks With
Cargo of Cotton at Champion Compress
Dock—Crew’s Narrow Escape.


At 3 o’clock yesterday morning the steamer City of Fayetteville sank in the slip at the foot of Red Cross street, at the Champion Compress, where she docked at 5 o’clock Sunday afternoon, and from the looks of the wreck, it would seem that the steel hull has broken in two.

The boat was loaded with 236 bales of cotton for Alexander Sprunt & Son, 135 of which were gotten out yesterday, very little damaged, but Agent S. M. King, of the Merchants & Farmers Steamboat Company, which owns the vessel, was of the opinion last night that the remainder, which is entirely submerged, will prove almost a total loss.  Messrs. Sprunt carried insurance on the cotton, but the steamboat company has no marine insurance, being unable to get it on the river.  They carry fire insurance.

Their loss will approximate $15,000 if it proves that the hull has broken in two, that being the figure at which “the City” was valued.  She was built in 1904, is 125 feet in length and has a draft of 26 inches.  The manager of the company is Mr. S. P. McNair, and a number of local business men hold stock in the concern.

Engineer J. F. Creel and four of the crew were asleep on the boat when they were awakened by her settling, and they had to hurry to get out of her.  The engineer had his small son with him and he said he got the lad out by catching hold of his leg and throwing him bodily to the wharf.  They had gone over the boat sometime before and found nothing wrong.

It may be that a hole was punched in the bottom by a pile or that there is a shoal at the mouth of the slip, and that when the tide went out—it was extremely low yesterday morning—the weight of the machinery caused the stern to settle, breaking the boat amidships.

The work of raising the boat will go right along and the officials of the company hope that the damage may not be so serious that she cannot be repaired.  She has made only two trips during the Summer, bringing cotton this month.  Many visited the wreck yesterday and watched the salvage of the cotton going on.

[Wilmington Morning Star – Tuesday, September 30, 1913]

Raising the City of Fayetteville


Work of Raising Stern Wheeler Proceeding Slowly – History.

The wrecking crew working on the City of Fayetteville made little progress yesterday in their efforts to float her. However, they will continue on the job until they find out whether or not she is wrecked beyond repair. The Fayetteville Observer yesterday gave a sketch of the boat, which has plied the river between Wilmington and Fayetteville for the last 10 years. A part of it follows:

“The steamer City of Fayetteville was built in 1904 by Merrell & Stevens, of Jacksonville, Fla., for a stock company composed of Lismon, Lorge & Co., of New York City, and others. For a year after the steamer was floated the original owners ran her between Fayetteville and Wilmington. They then sold out to the Cape Fear Steamboat Company, and the steamer has been in regular service since that time.

“The tonnage of the City of Fayetteville is 135, and she was guaranteed to draw not more than 18 inches with a full cargo aboard. She has a steel hull and was first equipped with tubular boilers, steam heat and electric lights. The passenger accommodations are good, better than any other steamer that ever ran on Cape Fear river. She was licensed to carry 125 passengers with a full cargo of freight.

[Wilmington Morning Star – Thursday, October 2, 1913]


End Came Last Night at Residence
of His Daughter, Mrs. Salling.

Friends in Wilmington and throughout this section of the State will hear with sorrow of the death of Capt. W. W. Skinner, which occurred at 11 o’clock last night at the residence of his daughter, Mrs. J. H. Salling, No. 708 North Fourth street. His death came almost a year to a day after the death of his wife which occurred last November. Capt. Skinner for many years was a well known figure in Wilmington. He was loved by all with whom he came in contact, on account of his many good traits of character and kindly disposition. He was born in Richmond, Va., April 1st, 1830, and was in his 84th year. He is survived by three daughters, Mrs. J. H. Salling and Mrs. W. J. Mathis, of this city, and Mrs. Larry Bowman, of Mt. Airy, N. C., and by one brother, Capt. Henry Skinner, of Norfolk, Va. On account of sickness at the home, the funeral services will be held at the lodge in Oakdale cemetery this afternoon at 3:30 P. M.

[The Morning Star – Tuesday, November 18, 1913]


Capt. Henry W. Edge, the Mate,
Drowned in Effort to Swim
to Shore – Others,
Have Narrow Escape.

The steamer C. W. Lyon, plying between Fayetteville and Wilmington, was burned at Hood’s Creek, 20 miles above Wilmington, yesterday morning at 11 o’clock.  The property loss, including the cargo, is estimated at $30,000, but that is nothing compared with the death by drowning of Capt. Henry W. Edge.  The Wilmington Star of Saturday has the following interesting account of the awful tragedy”\:

The Lyon was proceeding from Fayetteville to Wilmington at about 12 miles an hour when one of the passengers discovered a blaze among the cotton amidships.  Fire drills have been held on the steamer regularly and when the fire bell and whistle sounded members of the crew almost instantly were at their places and had streams of water on the blaze.  Fire pump and hose were brought into play.  The seven passengers also responded to the alarm.

The pilot, Barney Baldwin, colored, who has been on the river about 40 years, backed the boat into the east side of the river as quickly as possible.

Some of the crew and seven male passengers were in the bow of the boat on the first deck.  The fire burned so rapidly that it was impossible for them to get to the rear, and they had to jump into the middle of the river, when the vessel swung around to back ashore, in order to make their escape.

Capt. Edge was one of the last to leave the vessel.  He had done yeoman service in fighting the flames, but when it came to jumping overboard, realizing his inability to swim, he was noticed to hesitate.  He then jerked off his coat and hat and plunged into the water.  It is said that several of those that had already made ashore called to him to get a life preserver or one of several planks on deck, but he did not hear them or if he did he did not heed.  They also threw clumps into the river for him, but he did not notice any of them.  In some unaccountable manner he managed to get half way to shore before he went down.  He never rose again.  The body has not been recovered, though the river was dragged for it late in the afternoon.

Capt. W. F. Register, who was in command of the vessel, was in the cabin when the fire broke out, counting the money which he had on hand and balancing his books.  When the alarm was sounded he rushed out and was able with the assistance of Capt. W. H. Ward, assistant engineer, to rescue Miss Brisson, the only lady passenger, who occupied a cabin in the stern of the boat.  Capt. Register passed over the top of the boat to the lady before the heat became so intense.  She was passed over the stern wheel to the shore.  He could not return to the bow of the boat on account of the flames and then he went ashore and directed the work of rescuing the passengers who were in the front of the boat.

A number of colored men, members of the crew, who were in the stern of the vessel went ashore.  They tossed several barrels of turpentine overboard and got logs, clumps and anything that they could lay their hands on to throw out to the others who were in the river.

There were life preservers and a [fire post] on the vessel, but these were quickly burned by the flames, it is said, and could not be reached by the crew.  Many of the passengers and several members of the crew had narrow escapes.

Mr. H. J. Lyon, of Elizabethtown, a passenger, probably had the narrowest escape.  He cannot swim.  Luckily he caught a log which was drifting down the stream and was able to stay above water until rescued by some colored fishermen in a boat half a mile down the river.  Once he faltered and those who had followed him down stream shouting words of encouragement from the shore noticed that he was almost ready to give up the fight.  This was before he caught the log and when he had only a small timber to rely upon.  After he got hold of the larger timber he drifted along with the current with comparative ease until he was rescued.

Abe Dunn, a member of the crew, had a narrow escape also.  He could not swim, but one of those who could jumped in after him.

As soon as the passengers were gotten ashore Captain Register sent a messenger to a phone nearby and notified Mr. S. M. King, local agent for the company here.  He and Mr. T. D. Love, secretary of the Company left Wilmington about 1 o’clock in the launch George Lyon to bring the passengers and crew to Wilmington.  They reached the scene of the disaster about 4:40 o’clock, and after making a futile effort to find the body of Captain Edge returned to this city, reaching here about 8 o’clock last night.

They left two men to continue the search.  The news of the tragic event rapidly spread through the surrounding country, and a large number of people came to render what assistance they could to the distressed passengers and crew.

Captain Edge was 42 years of age, and had been on the river since he was 18 years of age.  He lived in Fayetteville, where he has a wife and two children.  He was a man greatly liked by all who knew him and the members of the crew were profoundly saddened by his death.  He was captain of the City of Fayetteville before she was sunk.

The steamer C. W. Lyon was a stern-wheeler, and was built in 1904 in Wilmington.  Her cost was $21,000.  She was a combined freight and passenger steamer and has been making several trips a week between Wilmington and Fayetteville.   Several weeks ago the City of Fayetteville, another steamer owned by the Merchants and Farmers’ Steamboat Company, was sunk at the wharves of the Champion Compress here, and the loss of the second boat comes as a heavy loss to the company.  The company carried fire insurance to the amount of $8,000 on her.

Her cargo yesterday consisted of 97 bales of cotton, consigned to Alexander Sprunt & Son; 100 barrels of turpentine, several bales of dog tongue, several thousand pounds of pork and a variety of other freight, valued at about $10,000.

There were seven passengers on the boat, most of these coming to Wilmington last night on the George Lyon.  Included in the passenger list were Messrs. N. L. and D. M. Tatum, H. J. Lyon, Dixon Smith, D. R. Blizzard, Miss Brison, Ed Jessup.

Capt. W. M. Ward and three of the negro members of the crew walked from the point where the vessel was burned, reaching Wilmington about 5 o’clock yesterday afternoon.  Captain Ward went to Phoenix expecting to catch the train there, but arrived too late.  He then set out on foot and when he got to Nevassa was picked up by a shifting engine and brought to the city.  With the exciting experience of the day and the long walk of 13 miles he was almost completely exhausted.

Captain Ward was assistant engineer and Captain Edge was the mate.  They worked on the same watch, and had gotten off duty at 8 o’clock yesterday morning.  As the vessel was expected to reach Wilmington at noon they did not go to sleep but decided to wait until they arrived here.  During the morning they were on deck and joking with each other, little dreaming the sad event that was to take Captain Edge off so suddenly.  Captain Ward was almost overcome with grief because of the loss of his friend and comrade.

Captain Register stated last night that he would never forget the look on Captain Edge’s face as he struggled in the water to keep afloat.  He threw pieces of wood to him, but he was so overcome with fright that he failed to grasp any of them.  In spite of the fact that he could not swim he managed to keep his head above the water for several minutes before he sank, and, it is said, covered half the distance to shore.

Captain Register stated that the cotton was still burning on the boat when he left late yesterday afternoon.  All of the wooden work was burned down to iron hull.  She was still afloat and was left anchored at the point where she was run aground.

Barney Baldwin, colored, was at the wheel when the fire broke out and did heroic work in backing the vessel to shore.  He did not leave his post of duty until he had done all in his power to save the boat and those on board.

Captain Bryant Jones, engineer, was in charge of the engine at the time of the fire, and after the vessel had been run ashore he left the engine and aided in the work of rescue.  With the exception of Captain Register, in command of the boat, Captain Edge, mate; Captain Jones, engineer, and Captain Ward, assistant engineer, all of the other members of the crew were negroes.  They worked heroically with the hose and pump, but the cotton burned so rapidly that they were unable to stop the progress of the flames and soon had to give up the effort.

The Lyon had an iron hull, but Mr. King was of the opinion that it would never be of any further service.

Miss Brisson, who was the only lady passenger on the boat, is a daughter of Mr. N. G. Brisson, a large planter of Brisson’s Landing.  She appeared to be very much composed and at no time did she appear frightened, it is said.

[Fayetteville Observer – November 19, 1913]

No Boats between Fayetteville

and Wilmington.

The burning of the steamer C. W. Lyon Friday, while on a trip from Fayetteville to Wilmington, makes nil river traffic between the two cities, as there is not a boat left to do the work.

In this connection, we take the following from the Wilmington Star of Saturday:

“The burning of the steamer Lyon leaves the Cape Fear without a boat at present, but it is likely that arrangements will be made for the steamer Duplin to make one trip a week, leaving Monday, going clear through to Fayetteville, instead of to Tar Heel as at present.  This arrangement will be continued, it is thought, until the new steamer which Mr. J. W. Brooks is having built for the Cape Fear, is completed within the next eight or ten days.  The new boat will be christened ‘the Thelma,’ in honor of the youngest daughter of the owner.  The ‘Thelma’ is a good-sized boat and will be able to handle good cargoes.”

[Fayetteville Observer – Wednesday, November 19, 1913]



Found Floating in Cape Fear River

Three Miles from where He Sank

On November 14—To Be Taken to

White Oak for Burial.


The body of Capt. Henry Edge, who jumped from the C. W. Lyon and was drowned when that steamer was burned on Cape Fear River, 20 miles above Wilmington, November 14, was found Thursday morning by Capt. Stirling Singleton, of the tug Grayling.  The body was floating on the river about three miles below where the unfortunate man went down.

The remains were Friday taken to White Oak, Bladen County, and the burial was in the Edge burying ground there.

[Fayetteville Observer – Wednesday, December 10, 1913]


We take the following account of a marriage from the Wilmington Star of Thursday.  The groom, Capt. W. F. Register, is a popular citizen of Fayetteville.  He was captain of the ill-fated  steamer Lyon, which was burned on Cape Fear River a few weeks ago.  He was aboard and in command, the day it was burned.  The Star says:

“A pretty and quiet home wedding was solemnized yesterday afternoon at 5:30  o’clock at the residence of the bride’s mother, Mrs. H. C. Brock, No. 620 Chestnut street, when Miss Elsie Brock became the bride of Mr. William F. Register, the officiating minister being Rev. Dr. Wm. H. Milton, rector of St. James’ Episcopal church.

“The home was beautifully decorated with ferns, palms, bamboo and Southern smilax tastefully arranged in celebration of the happy event.  Soft, sweet strains of music also added its charm to the occasion.

“The bride was attired in a blue traveling suit with hat to match and carried a beautiful shower bouquet of bride’s roses.   The maid of honor, Miss Bessie Toon, was dressed in a Copenhagen blue gown with hat to match and carried a bouquet of pink carnations.

“The bride entered the room on the arm of her brother-in-law, Mr. J. Luther Toon, who gave her away.  They were met at the marriage altar by the groom and his best man, Mr. S. M. King.

“No invitations were issued and members of the family were the only attendants.  After the ceremony the happy young couple went to the union station and left on the 6:30 train for Fayetteville, where they will make their home.  Many beautiful presents attested the popularity of the young people.”

[Fayetteville Observer – Wednesday, January 7, 1914]



Kennedy Destroyed by Fire on Way to

This Port – Peculiar Coincidence.

News was received here yesterday morning by telegram that the river steamer Kennedy, belonging to the Florida Navigation Company and which had been chartered by Mr. S. M. King and others, of this city, for use on the Cape Fear between Wilmington and Fayetteville, had been destroyed by fire while on the way from Jacksonville to this port.

The loss of this boat, intended for use on the Cape Fear between Wilmington and Fayetteville is peculiar, in view of the fact that within the past six months two other steamers plying between these points have been lost.  One was destroyed by fire, and the other broke in two and sank at her wharf here.  The two other boats were owned by the Merchants and Farmers’ Steamboat Company.  Mr. King, who was connected with that corporation, had chartered the Kennedy from the Florida Navigation Company, and had received a telegram Saturday morning that the boat had left for Wilmington, with the intention of following the inland route as far north as Georgetown, and then to come round the remainder of the way on the outside.

Yesterday morning he received a route as far north as {appears to be several words missing} telegram from Capt. Geo. H. Pryor, master of the Kennedy and president of the Florida Navigation Company, stating that the boat had been destroyed by fire.  The particulars of the burning were not given, but it is presumed that the boat was some where near Savannah at the time of the fire.

Mr. King will probably make some other arrangements for putting on a steamer between Wilmington and Fayetteville immediately, as the fertilizer season is now at its height, and there is considerable traffic in this commodity on the river.  Later it is expected to put several steamers in operation between Wilmington and Fayetteville.

In the meantime shippers along the Cape Fear are being served by the steamer Thelma, which is making two trips regularly to Tar Heel and return and is reported to be giving excellent satisfaction, while the steamer Pioneer has recently been fitted up and is making one trip regularly to Fayetteville.

[Wilmington Star – February 24, 1914]



So Mr. J. E. Register Thinks in Regard

To Cape Fear River Transportation,

and Acts Accordingly.

Mr. J. E. Register today sent a flat in tow of a small gasoline boat down Cape Fear River, in order to move the Fayetteville freight that just had to go to river landings.  He heavily loaded the gasoline boat and flat, and there is yet more to go.  This may be a crude way to move the business, but Mr. Register has pluck enough to see that the Fayetteville merchants do not lose the river business if he can help it.  He deserves the co-operation of our citizens in his effort to continue Cape Fear River transportation.

[Fayetteville Observer, Wednesday, June 10, 1914]



Member of Crew of Steamer

Thelma Fell From Boat

It was learned here today that a colored man, member of the crew of the steamer Thelma, fell from the boat on her trip up to Elizabethtown Monday night and was drowned.  The steamer was near King’s Bluff at the time of the accident.  At the offices of the company here today it was stated that the name of the negro who was drowned had not been learned here.  The steamer arrives on the return trip tonight.

[Wilmington Dispatch – August 11, 1915]



Will Be Put on Line from Wilmington

To Fayetteville in a Few Weeks.


Wilmington Star.

The steamer A. P. Hurt, that had been undergoing repairs at Elizabethtown for the past several weeks, was towed down to this city last night where its machinery will be overhauled by the Wilmington Iron Works, preparatory to its being put on the line between this city and Fayetteville to succeed the steamer City of Fayetteville, which was sunk about a year ago at a dock at the Champion Compress.

The steamer belongs to the Merchants and Farmers’ Steamboat Company, and is much larger than other boats now running between Wilmington and Elizabethtown.  It will be fitted with all modern conveniences for river boats of the present day, having a rather large passenger accommodation and considerable freight capacity.  The hull is of steel and the superstructure of wood.  She will be completed and ready for the run possibly within 20 or 30 days.

[Fayetteville Observer – Wednesday, December 1, 1915]



Planters Steamboat Company Buys Well Known River Steamer.

Mr. J. W. Brooks, president and general manager of the Carolina Transportation Company, of this city, announces the sale today of the steamer “Thelma” to the Planters Steamboat Company, also of Wilmington.

The steamer Thelma has been operating for the past several years between Wilmington and Tar Heel, N. C., making all points on the upper Cape Fear, occasionally as far as Fayetteville, and the officers and management of the Company wish to thank the patrons and friends of the line for the loyal support and business given them.

In connection with the sale, Mr. Brooks states that the new owners will extend to the merchants and farmers of this section the same prompt and courteous treatment accorded them by his Company in the past.

[Wilmington Dispatch – November 6, 1917]

Steamer “Thelma” Sold.

Mr. J. W. Brooks, president and general manager of the Carolina Transportation Company, of this city, announces the sale today of the steamer “Thelma,” to the Planters Steamboat Company, also of Wilmington.  The steamer Thelma has been operating for the past several years between Wilmington and Tar Heel, N. C., making all points on the upper Cape Fear, occasionally as far as Fayetteville, and the officers and management of the company wish to thank the patrons and friends of the line for the loyal support and business given them.  In connection with the sale, Mr. Brooks states that the new owners will extend to the merchants and farmers of this section the same prompt and courteous treatment accorded them by his company in the past, and will thank all his friends and former patrons to give them the same support and cooperation as given the former owners.

[Wilmington Star – November 6, 1917]



Steamboat Travel on the

Old Cape Fear–Scenes

and Incidents of a Round

Trip from Fayetteville.


(By J. T. Slatter, General Secretary-Traffic Manager).

A Boat trip down the Cape Fear River from Fayetteville to Wilmington at this season of the year when the wonderful life-giving North Carolina

atmosphere is electrified with ozone, and the pungent tang of Fall, beneath an opalescent sky unflecked of cloud; between long vistas of forest bordered banks, lined with a wilderness of elm and gum and towering oak trees arrayed in the gorgeous robings of autum, {misspelled} nodding a silent welcome out of the warm glow of an October sun that tempers the crisp air to the languid softness of a June day, is a pleasure which must be actually experienced–a condition that may be realized, and afterward mulled over and dreamed of, but never, by any flights of fanciful imagination described in mere words; for words at most, are but the vehicles of our thoughts and impressions, and not our feelings and sensations.  Therefore if you would know the joy and pleasure of such a trip, take it yourself when you will agree that the half has never been told.

We have contemplated taking this trip for some time, but not until last week did a favorable opportunity present itself for the execution of our plans.  the good boat A. P. Hurt, Captain S. B. King, Jr., afforded our means of transit; it is owned by the Planters Steamboat Co., and is in the Fayetteville-Wilmington service as a pioneer of what should eventually prove to be a restoration of river traffic that once made Fayetteville the most important shipping point in all this country.  The boat was due to leave at nine o’clock in the morning, and we were on time; but, on account of a heavy upstream load the day before, which had not been unloaded, part of the

deck hand crew deserted, which delayed our leaving until the middle of the afternoon.  It was a perfect day with light breezes sweeping over the water and the warm sunshine chasing the shadows on the sombre surface of the stream, as the overhanging branches swayed and swung in rythmic motion with the current.

As we stood on the upper deck viewing the scene and enjoying the surroundings, the bell sounded from somewhere near the pilot house above, the gang plank was withdrawn, there was a sudden blowing off of steam, a wheezing, hissing sound of escaping vapor, and the revolutions of the stern wheel began slowly to thrash the still waters into a whirling, dancing vortex of tumbling waves and white foam; like a thing of life the vessel yanked her nose out of the mud bank, by courtesy called a wharf, and, in a circling glide to midstream started on her journey to the port of Wilmington.  “Uncle Abe” the old grizzled haired steward who has spent a lifetime on the river, showed us to our stateroom, and as he deposited our baggage on a table we were delightfully impressed with the comforts and conveniences of such quarters.  The boat has first class accommodations for about thirty passengers; each state room is furnished with two berths, upper and lower that are clean and comfortable; a lavatory with hot and cold water, towels and other necessary adjuncts to the toilet; it is well ventilated by a window draped with a neat curtain, and altogether one can be as comfortable as desired in it.  The entire boat is illuminated by electricity, and according to government regulations, there are plenty of Life-Preservers in every room.  The dining room forward is bright with snowy napery and shiny table ware, the prideful care of “Uncle Abe” who serves one at table with that old time ease and attentiveness that makes one forget Hooverism and food conservation.  The forward deck is plentifully supplied with easy chairs where one may sit and view the ever changing and interesting scene  stretching out before the eyes like a broad silver band between emerald-hued borders of soft velvet; the boat is a credit to the enterprise and faith of the owners in future river traffic on the Cape Fear; the service is far better than the meagre patronage warrants; however, the owners base their hopes on future developments, when the shippers will come to realize that water transportation must be utilized to supplement the rail lines in carrying on the commerce of the country.  Because of its economy of operation, steamboat transportation is cheaper than rail; and a, as we develop and extend our trade, commerce must, more and more, turn to the use of boats as a means of greatest transportation economy.  The owners of this line state it to be their purpose to establish an auto-truck transfer service at Fayetteville, so soon as an adequate warf {misspelled} if constructed, and a passable roadway built to it.  The purpose of this service will be to make prompt and regular deliveries to shippers at their store doors without additional charge, for drayage.  The boat rate being, of itself lower than the railroads charge, one can readily understand the saving to shippers by such an arrangement.  Our shippers should patronize this boat not only as a good business proposition, but because it is important to keep it going as a means of providing against a complete breakdown of the railroads  which are, even now, so hard pressed for cars and engines that a coal famine is threatened.

Fayetteville as a river port is most advantageously situated; it projects further into the interior than any other like stream on the coast; and because of this it is rightfully and logically the natural distributing point for all the country west of here.  When the Inland-water-way Canal is completed, and it is very near that now, it will be perfectly practicable to load a boat at our warf and unload it at any of the north Atlantic port cities, such as Norfolk, Baltimore, New York, Boston and Philadelphia.

The depth of the canal at Fayetteville contemplated by the government project is 8 feet as a minimum; the appropriation provided by the original bill, calls for that, and when the dredging is completed this depth must be available or there will be some unpleasant investigations made.  The two locks are completed and work with the smoothness of well oiled machinery; there are no serious obstructions to navigation at present, but a snag boat is badly needed at this end; while in Wilmington we called attention of the government engineer to this fact and received prompt assurance that a snag boat would be put to work on it without delay.  The ability of a light draft coastwise vessel coming up to the warf of Fayetteville, discharging its New York freight, and loading for return trip, freight to that and other eastern port cities, should fill our shippers with all sorts of encouragement for it means the dawn of commercial greatness, the restoration of a condition that once made this a might mart of trade for the entire country west of here.  Aside from the business end of the trip we found many things of interest and amusement out of the ordinary run of travel.  We stopped to take on wood at what is called court house landing.  A white headed weazen-faced old negro came aboard remarking as he shambled across the gang plan, {I’m g’wine down ter Wilmin’tn ter see m’ gran’childern.”  We asked him how long he had lived near this landing, and he replied, “Bout er hunderd ‘en fo year ter th’ best uv my ricurlection.”  Do you happen to know, we asked why the name Court House Landing was given to this place, there is no evidence of such a building on the hill?  “Yas sir,” he replied, “Ah knows all bout dat, ‘an I niver is bin recomciled ter dat name es a fit’n wun for d’ place, ‘caus dat want whut hit wus, no-how; hit doant fit, needer; but I rec’n dem es nam’d it didn’t hav no better sence, an dun de bestest da cud” “My ric’lection is, dat way bac befo de war cums on, rite up yander jist da call, in dem dase er Mishum Station, whar er preacher lived at; in de bac eend uv it wus er room dat er Justice uv de peace occipied; so dar wus de law an de gospel bef tergether same es de Good Book tells bout.  Wa’al fokes fum fur en ne’er cum dar fur ter git mar’ied; sum da come in boats, sum da cum in wagins, sum on hoss bac, and den ergin sum dun took da foot in han’ en cum by de hoof; but na matter how da git dar, da always cum ter git mar’ied; en I rec’n da’s doin dat wa yit in al yuther pa’rts uv de country, ‘caus jess es long es children grose up da’s gwine ter marry.  Dis Jestice of de Peace, he calls hiself er jege; but the onliest jegement he ever is made is how much yer hafter pay fer er mar’iage lis’ums whut de preacher tole em da bleege ter hav’ fo he wud low em ter jine hans en kiss wun-neer:  When de Jestice dun gone erway sumers, an aint dar, da jes hafter set round and cote, and cote, caus da aint nut’n else fur em ter do.  Sum uv um git so tirde er wait’n da said, wun da, “dish ain’t no Mishum Station, hit is jes a Cote House,” an ever since den da all calls hit dat; but hit aint no fitten name fur de place caus’ hit want nut’n but er Union Station, nohow yer fix hit.”

[Fayetteville Observer – Wednesday, November 7, 1917]


WILMINGTON.   March 7.  During the heavy southwest gale, which swept the Cape Fear river and this vicinity last night, the freight and passenger steamer A. P. Hurt operated between this port and Fayetteville by the New York – Wilmington – Fayetteville Steamboat company, sank at her terminal at the foot of Orange street.  No lives were lost, but the steamer is seriously damaged and the large cargo aboard is a practical loss.

Heavily laden with general merchandise and fertilizer loaded at the Clyde Line terminals and local fertilizer plants, the Hurt arrived at her dock last night about 7:30 o’clock.  Because of the vessel’s low free board and being laden deep with freight the big swells then running in the river soon began to break over the stern of the boat into the engine room, causing her to fill faster than her steam pumps could remove the water.

In Twenty-five Feet

After more than a half hour of valiant effort on the part of the [team] members of the Hurt’s crew which were aboard at the time to keep her afloat with the pumps.  The hull filled and the craft went down in 25 feet of water.  The bottom of the steamer now lies on the river bottom, but owing to the action of the waves last night much of the boat’s upper works including her second deck, began to break away.

At the time of the sinking but four men were aboard the Hurt.  Captain Blizzard and the pilot having gone ashore.  Those aboard, however, did everything to save the craft but their efforts proved fruitless.

When the Hurt went down she had aboard approximately 80 tons of freight destined  to Fayetteville and intermediate river landings.  Twelve tons of the cargo was general merchandise loaded at the Clyde terminals and the remainder was fertilizer in sacks.  All will be a practical loss, it is understood.  The steamer, however, can be raised and repaired.

Built 60 Years Ago

The Hurt is a stern wheel steamer of 90 gross tons, is 115 feet in length, 12 feet in breadth, and has a hold depth of four feet.  She is equipped to accommodate quite a few passengers.  Capt. W. C. Manson is president and general manager of the company operating the vessel, and M. M. Riley is local agent.

Originally, the Hurt was built more than 60 years ago.  However, in 1915 she was completely rebuilt.  She is valued at several thousand dollars, but it is not known just how much insurance was carried.  There was insurance on some part of the cargo.

The steamer is the oldest on the Cape Fear river, and has been operated practically since her original construction between Wilmington and Fayetteville as a freight and passenger steamer.  Her hull is of steel.

Causes Regret Here

For sentimental reasons, announcement of the sinking of the steamer A. P. Hurt has brought regret to the older citizens of Fayetteville, for they feel that one of the last links has been broken in the chain that binds them to the days of their fathers.  In the times before and during the Civil War, the “Hurt” was looked upon by the “simple folk” as a palatial steamer, and the sight  of her steaming up to the wharf with big bluff, dependable Captain Hurt standing on deck, was a very welcome one.

The “Hurt” transported to and from Fayetteville thousands upon thousands of dollars worth of freight, and in the “off” times, on moonlight nights, gay parties of the beauty and chivalry of the town, went on excursions down the river.

[Fayetteville Observer – March 7, 1923]

Rejuvenated Thelma

Takes Maiden Trip


The stern wheel steamer Thelma, rebuilt and with a new smokestack, steamed up the Cape Fear yesterday on her maiden voyage to Fayetteville and intermediate landings, including Elizabethton, which she was expected to reach last night.  She carried several passengers and a full cargo of general merchandise supplied by Wilmington wholesale merchants.  She will reach Fayetteville tonight.

The new line, which is to make one round trip a week, is expected to develop trade for local jobbers by furnishing completion in rates with the railroads and demonstration the soundness of Governor Morrison’s port and water transportation development program.

[Wilmington Star – February 29, 1924]





Leaves on First Weekly Round

Trip Today With Much



The good stern wheel steamer Thelma will set sail this afternoon on her first voyage to Fayetteville under her new owner, with her hull rebuilt, a sharp prow taking the place of her former square nose.  She is expected to make better time than she ever made before.

The Thelma was built by J. W. Brooks and was bought by the Planters’ Steamboat company to put her out of competition.  For two years she has been tied up.  Then Capt. H. Hart, who has worked up a profitable business to Elizabethtown, with the old Oaste, bought her January 1.  He took her over to the R. F. Hamme marine railway on Eagle Island and had her hull repaired and her blunt bow sharpened.  The Wilmington Iron Works repaired the engines and boiler, while the work on the hull was going forward.  The upper works were painted, but the hull will not get its coat until later.  A new stack will give the 60-horse power engine plenty of steam.  The boat is 150 feet over all.

The Thelma draws 15 inches of water light and will run on a heavy dew, but loaded she has a four-foot displacement.  Until the new lock is built between Fayetteville and Elizabethtown to give water all the year round the Thelma will run only to Elizabethtown in time of low water.  But now she will make Fayetteville, stopping at Elizabethtown the firs night out of Wilmington and making the round trip once a week.  She will get back to Wilmington, Tuesday mornings, discharge and load cargo Tuesday and sail at 6 a. m. Wednesdays.

The Thelma carries 53 tons of freight and is licensed for 40 passengers.  There is one lifeboat and one working boat and plenty of life preservers.  There is a crew of 10 men.  The Oaste is to be dismantled and made into a barge which will be towed alongside the Thelma when freight warrants it.

[Wilmington Morning Star – February 28, 1924]

The maiden voyage of the stern-wheel steamer THELMA, under the ownership of Captain H. Hunt, was tempestuous.  High water beyond all recent records, was responsible for abandonment of the trip to Fayetteville.

The high water filled the Cape Fear with deadwood which almost wrecked the THELMA’s wheel.  The crank shaft was cracked but held until the return trip from Elizabethtown was finished at 9 o’clock Monday night.  Then it was welded electrically and is stronger than ever.  New paddles have been added to the wheel.

Old landings were under water and the steamer had to unload her freight in the woods in some cases.

Another try will be made for Fayetteville next Tuesday night at 6 o’clock.  The THELMA sails for Elizabethtown this morning at 6 o’clock and the indications are that all the room she has for freight will be occupied.


Freight For Fayetteville

—– by —–

Steamer Thelma

The steamer Thelma will take freight Tuesday for Fayetteville and intermediate points on the Cape Fear river.  Boat leaves Tuesday at 6 p. m.

H. HUNT, Captain

Foot of Chestnut Street.

[Wilmington Star – March 5, 1924]




Funeral services will be held this afternoon at 2:30 o’clock for Captain Henry Hunt, of Elizabethtown, who died early Sunday morning at the Highsmith hospital in Fayetteville.  The rites will be conducted at the graveside in Sherman cemetery, near Atkinson.

For twenty years, Captain Hunt operated the steamers Thelma and Annabee on the Cape Fear river.

He is survived by his widow, two daughters, Miss Annabell Hunt and Miss Henrietta Hunt, of Elizabethtown; a sister, Mrs. E. U. Horrell, of Atkinson, and a brother, George Franklin Hunt, of Wilmington.

[Morning Star – Monday, June 2, 1941]

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