CFRS WDOTCF Essence : 1850 – 59

18 Sep


FOR the accommodation of Delegates going to the Convention at Wilmington, on Monday the 11th instant, the Steam Boat Gov. Graham will leave her wharf at Campbelton on Saturday the 9th inst., at 1 o’clock precisely, and will be at Elizabethtown during the night, giving passengers from that place an opportunity to take Boat on the morning the 10th, and will stop at Whitehall at 8 o’clock. A. M. and at the other landings on the river during the forenoon, on her way down.

The Boat will leave Wilmington for this place, without a Tow, on the adjournment of the Convention.


Ag’t Cape Fear Steam Boat Co.

Fayetteville, Monday, March 4, 1850.—9


In time—for the Convention to be held in

Wilmington 11th instant.

Steamer Henrietta

WILL leave this place on Saturday the 9th instant, at 9 o’clock A. M., stopping at Elizabeth to take Passengers on board. Proceeding down, will expect to stop at White Hall to take in Passengers same day, and arrive at Wilmington next day.


Agent Henrietta Steam Boat Co.

Fayetteville, March 4, 1850.            1w


For Wilmington.

THE Merchant Co’s Steamer, ROWAN, Capt. Hurt, will be in readiness on Saturday next, 9th instant, to receive Passengers for the Wilmington Convention, and will stop at every point on the River where Signals are held out.


Fayetteville, March 5, 1850.            1w

[Fayetteville Observer – Tuesday, March 5, 1850]


MR. LORING; My attention was called by a friend, this morning, to a Card which appears in your paper, signed by Messrs. London, Reid, Baker, and other gentlemen of Wilmington, which , in effect, charges me with gross neglect of my duty to the traveling public, and all indifference to the property of freighters committed in my charge. These are very gross offences in one of my calling, and if I am guilty of them, are calculated not only to destroy the public confidence in me, and thus take away my present means of obtaining an honest living but also to compromise the interest of my employers. I am constrained therefore, however unwilling, to intrude myself upon the public, and to beg that they will not condemn me unheard. These charges could not well be more loose and general. They cover indeed almost every species of delinquency of which as an officer of a Steamboat line, I could be guilty, but I am persuaded that the only occasion which I have given these gentlemen for their wholesale denunciation of me, through the public prints, is the fact, that they happened to have been left at Elizabethtown last Saturday, after the Henrietta passed that place, on her way down to Wilmington under my command. How far I am responsible for this accident, the public can better decide , when they learn, that notwithstanding the inference which may well be drawn from the suppositions of the “Card,” no one of these gentlemen did present themselves upon the landing, and desire transportation upon the boat, nor did I learn that they had any such intention, until my arrival in Wilmington.

As soon as the circumstance was brought to my notice by the Agents here, (Messrs. Carroll & Fennell) I expressed my regret, for I would not willingly disoblige them, or any one, and although it would have been lightly inconvenient in the swollen state of the river on Saturday morning, to have obtained a landing at Elizabeth, and I had not on board any freight, nor had I any other occasion for stopping there, the fact that Messrs. Reid, Baker, London and M. B. Smith, were in the town, and might desire transportation to Wilmington, would have been sufficient to have induced me to stop the boat for their accommodation, but so far from the truth being that they of either of them, or any other gentleman, were on the landing and hailed the boat and desired a passage, as might be inferred from the ambiguous language of their Card. I did not even know they were in the town, or in the vicinity.

I cannot well understand, what these gentlemen mean, by there being ” a general and almost universal sentiment,” (of dissatisfaction, I presume against me; if an earnest desire to discharge my duty, so far as my poor ability goes, to my employers and the public, deserves condemnation and reproach, then indeed am I guilty, but I am indebted to them, and to the circumstance of their unfortunate detention, for this information. I have been for two years and better, in the employment of the Henrietta Steamboat Company, and it is certain that neither my employers or my friends or myself, have known it before. And I cannot but complain that without giving me an opportunity for explanation or apology these highly respectable gentlemen should have suffered their names to be used for the purpose of injuring an unfortunate young man, whose sole crime is, that he has unintentionally and innocently provoked their displeasure. And being it is true but a poor and humble citizen, had they not deemed it necessary to have demanded from me an explanation, there are those here, who would I think have satisfied them, that I am not ordinarily so unmindful of my own interests or those of the Company as to have voluntarily given them or any others just cause of offence, and that on the contrary, they might have been reminded, that on quite a recent occasion, upon being notified by Mr. Reid, that two of their number, (Messrs. M. B. Smith and London.) were in town, and probably disposed to take passage on the boat, I waited some time, perhaps twenty minutes after discharging all my freight, for their appearance at the landing.



Capt. Hen. S. B. Co.

April 11.                    1w

[Fayetteville Observer – Tuesday, April 16, 1850]

For Wilmington

Steamer “Henrietta,” Capt. W. T. Evans, will leave her wharf at Campbellton on Tuesday next, at 6 o’clock A. M. For freight or passage, apply to


April 23, 1850.

[Fayetteville Observer – Tuesday, April 23, 1850]


WILL ply regularly between Wilmington and Fayetteville, leaving Wilmington at 6 o’clock every Monday morning, touching at Elizabethtown and other landings en route. Returning, will leave Fayetteville at 6 o’clock every Wednesday morning for Wilmington, stopping at any of the landings for passengers or freight.

For freight at passage apply on board.


May 11, 1850.                    19tf


Cape Fear Navigation Company.

THE Annual Meeting of the Stockholders will be held on Friday, the 31st May, in the Town Hall, in Fayetteville.


May 8, 1850.                    19


To Stockholders in the Cape Fear and Deep

River Navigation Company.

THE Fourth Instalment of twelve and a half per cent. Per share on the Capital Stock of said Company, will be due on the 15th of June next.

B. I. HOWZE, Treasurer

C. F. & D. R. Nav. Co.

May 14                    19-4w



In the Cape fear and Deep River

Navigation Company.

THE Treasurer of the above Company has been instructed by the Board of Directors thereof, to notify “all present delinquent Stockholders to make immediate payment, or on failure to do so, that their share or shares will be sold at public auction,” according to the provisions of the Charter.

Notice is accordingly hereby given to all such Stockholders, that unless they make payments of or before the fourth day of June next, their share or shares will, on that day he sold at public auction, in the town of Pittsborough, between the hours of 11 A. M. and 5 P. M.

B. I. HOWZE, Treasurer

C. F. and D. R. N. Co.

April 24, 1850.                17-1m

[Fayetteville Observer – Tuesday, May 21, 1850]


IS taken off the regular line between Wilmington and Fayetteville, on account of low water.

J. & D. SCOTT, Proprietors.

June 20, 1850,                25-4w


Notice to Stockholders.

THE next Annual meeting of the Stockholders on the Cape Fear and Deep River Navigation Company, will be held in Pittsborough, on Thursday the 18th day of July next.

It is confidently hoped that the great importance and present progression of this improvement, will draw together a large attendance of Stockholders and visitors.


C. F. & D. R. N. Co.

Pittsborough, June 17, 1850.            25-4w

[Fayetteville Observer – Tuesday, July 2, 1850]

Cape Fear and Deep Rivers.

The Raleigh Register learns from the President of the C. F. and D. R. N. Co. that “the work around Smiley’s Falls, looked upon as the greatest impediment, is completed, and answers the most sanguine expectations.”

[The Weekly Communicator – Fay., N.C. – Friday Morning December 13, 1850]

A new Steamer, called “The Brothers,” has been placed upon the Cape Fear, by Messrs. John and David Banks, of Wilmington. She is small and of light draft, and is intended mainly as a tow boat. This makes seven steamers now running between this place and Wilmington, and the increasing business and travel will, we hope, amply reward them all.

[Fayetteville Observer – Tuesday, January 21, 1851]


[boat image]

THE Cape Fear Steamboat Co’s Steamer CHATHAM will run regularly between Wilmington and Fayetteville, commencing on Monday the 27th instant.—leaving Fayetteville every Monday and Thursday at 9 o’clock A. M. and arriving at Wilmington same evening giving Passengers going north an opportunity to take the cars next morning at 9 o’clock. And leave Wilmington on Tuesdays and Fridays at 2 o’clock P. M. giving passengers by the cars, which arrive at Wilmington at 1 o’clock daily an opportunity to take the Boat to Fayetteville.

The Steamer GOV. GRAHAM, with the Tow Boats belonging to the Line will run in connexion with the Chatham, making one or more trips a week as circumstances may require.

Passengers and Freighters may rely upon the above arrangement. It is hoped that the necessary expenses to be incurred by this arrangement will be rewarded by an increased patronage: otherwise a loss will probably be sustained by the company, which will lead to a discontinuance of regular time of running.


Cape Fear Steam Boat Co.

Fayetteville, Jan’y 20, 1851.            55tf


FOR SALE.—A second-hand ENGINE of fifteen horse power, in good working order. For further information, apply to the subscribers at Wilmington.


Jan. 16, 1851.                55-3wpd



[boat image]        [boat image]

S t e a m a n d F r e I g h t B o a t s ,

ARE all in excellent order for business. Our Tow Boats have been recently repaired and made good as new. We have also added a new Flat for low water, and well adapted to the service. She will carry 700 bbls. merchandize, and draw only 20 inches water.

Those favoring us with their patronage, may expect as prompt and cheap service in every particular as any other Line can offer.

G. DEMING, Pres’t.

R. M. ORRELL, Agent.

A. D. CAZAUX, Agent at Wilmington.

Fayetteville, Dec. 21, 1850.            50-tf

[Fayetteville Observer – Tuesday, January 28, 1851]


[boat image]

THIS LINE OF BOATS is still in successful operation on the Cape Fear River, and continue to offer many facilities to the shipping public.

Persons patronizing this Line, may rest assured that their Goods will be brought up with dispatch, and at the very lowest rates of freight.

A. W. STEEL, President.


Agent at Fayetteville.

Feb. 15, 1851.                    59tf

[Fayetteville Observer – February 15, 1851]

We are grieved to state that the Steamer Fanny Lutterloh was sunk last evening by coming in collision with the Steamer Gov. Graham. The boats met a short distance below Mrs. Owen’s plantation, and owing it is supposed to some misunderstanding of each others intention of passing to the right or left, the Graham struck the bow of the Fanny and sunk her in three minutes. There were 40 or 50 passengers on board, mostly Delegates to the Wilmington Bar Convention, (among them the Junior Editor of this paper) but including several ladies and children, all of whom were saved, but wet, and with the loss of all their baggage, which floated out of the boat. It is feared that one Negro man, the property of Capt. Stedman, was drowned, as he was missing when our informant left. The collision occurred before dark. If it had been half hour later it is thought many would have been drowned.

We learn that the passengers generally went to the house of Isaac Wright, Esq., where they were no doubt hospitably entertained during the night.

It is probably that some of the passengers will return to town on the Graham, and we learn that Mr. Lutterloh will engage the Sun to go down for the others. When he left the Fanny’s smoke stack was lying across the Graham’s deck.

It is surprising that some understanding does not exist on our river as to the direction which boat shall take when they meet, either to the right or the left.

There was imminent danger of a similar collision on Tuesday morning last, when the Senior Editor of this paper was coming up on the Sun, but for the presence of mind of Capt. Rush, who, as always, was at his post, and made a signal to the down boat as to the direction to take.

Fayetteville Observer, 25th inst.

[Fayetteville Observer – Tuesday Evening, May 25, 1851]

Above: I did not record the above from the microfilm. This was an article transcribed to the Cumberland Genealogical Society’s Newsletter.


THE Steamer BROTHERS, and Tow Boats Stevenson, David Lewis, and James Cassiday, are prepared to forward with dispatch all goods consigned to the Proprietor.

The Steamer Brothers is of light draught, and well suited to run in low water. She possesses power and speed, and is admirably adapted to towing, and can accommodate about 20 passengers.

The Proprietor contemplates running the Boat himself, and will give special attention to way freight and naval stores; to towing, and will also attend to the comfort and convenience of Passengers. From his long experience as Agent in Wilmington of the several Steamboat Companies, he thinks he can give satisfaction.

To Merchants in the interior he would say, that all Goods shipped by him, will be delivered to their Agents in Fayetteville. His Agent in Wilmington is DAVID BANKS, to whom all communications may be addressed, as Agent of the Steamer Brothers.

JOHN BANKS, Proprietor.

Wilmington, Feb. 4, 1852.            63tf

[Fayetteville Observer – February 4, 1852*verify]

[boat image] The Steamer Chatham will resume her semi-weekly trips between this place and Wilmington, on Monday the 16th inst., leaving Fayetteville every MONDAY and THURSDAY thereafter, at 7 o’clock A. M., and running through the same day.—Leaving Wilmington every TUESDAY and FRIDAY, after the arrival of the cars from the North. The Steamer Gov. Graham, with as many Tow Boats as may be necessary, will run in connexion with the Chatham, as often as may be necessary to carry all Freights that may ##fer. The addition of another large Flat (the Gen’l McRae,) to this Line, affords increased facilities for the shipping public. Goods shall certainly have as quick transit by this Line as any other.


Cape Fear S. B. Co.

Feb’y 9, 1852.                    63tf

[Fayetteville Observer – February 9, 1852]

New Steamboat. – We notice at our wharves this morning a new stern-wheel steamer, of light draft, called “Southerner,” but built at Fayetteville for the Henrietta Steamboat Company, and intended to run on the Cape Fear River between that town and Wilmington. She is 112 feet long, 17 ½ feet wide, has 3 feet depth of hold, and has berths for thirty passengers, and with her light draft and great power in proportion to size, (40 horse) she will no doubt be chiefly employed as a passenger boat. She is quite creditable to our Fayetteville friends.

Wil. Journal

[Fayetteville Observer – Tuesday. April 27, 1852]

Henrietta Steam Boat Co’s New Steamer,


WILL be in order to take her place in the line in a few days. She is one hundred twelve feet long, seventeen feet beam, and four feet hold: and draws not exceeding twelve inches water. The Company confidently expect that with this Boat, in addition to their other Steamers and tow boats, they will be in a condition to transport all freight sent by their line with as much certainty and despatch as any line upon the river. The Southerner being of such light draft of water, she will be enabled to run at all times.

G. DEMING, Pres’t.

R. M. ORRELL, Agent.

Jan’y 28, 1852.                        60-tf

[Fayetteville Observer – Tuesday, May 11, 1852]


WILL leave Fayetteville every Wednesday and Saturday at 7 o’clock, A. M. and arrive in Wilmington at 7 o’clock P. M. And will leave Wilmington every Monday and Thursday, at 12 o’clock, M., and arrive in Fayetteville next morning.

R. M. ORRELL, Agent.

April 26, 1852.                 85-tf

[Fayetteville Observer – Tuesday, May 11, 1852]

The Zephyr.

Tuesday afternoon we paid a visit to the new steamer by the above name, which has just arrived from Wilmington, Delaware, and is intended to run as a passenger boat between this place and Fayetteville. She is 129 feet in length, 21 ½ feet beam, 5 ½ feet hold, — has two inclined engines, the combined power of which is over one hundred horse; the engines capable of being uncoupled, and acting separate; when tried on the Delaware river, she attained a speed of fourteen miles an hour. She will not draw, with all on board, more than eighteen inches.

From the above dimensions, power and speed, it will be seen that the “Zephyr” is a larger and more powerful class of boat than has heretofore been used in this business, at the same time that her draught of water is graduated expressly for the trade of the Cape Fear River. She is fitted up in the most beautiful and convenient style, with all the modern appliances, and is equal in every respect to the Delaware or North River boats of a similar class. Her saloon is 48 feet in length.—the ladies’ portion divided from the rest by handsome curtains; the woodwork painted white, and the panels ornamented with gilding, and decorated with papier mache scrowls, also gilt. The windows between the saloon and the deck are fitted with stained glass. Being intended as a day boat, she has no berths. It is calculated that she will make the run up in about fourteen hours; that down in about ten hours.

Upon the whole, her appearance and general arrangement reflects credit upon her builders, Messrs. Harlan & Hollingsworth, Wilmington, Delaware and she promises to be a valuable addition to the trade of this place and Fayetteville. We hope that she will receive the patronage which the enterprise of her owners, Gen. McRae, Col. John McRae, Capt. R. McRae, and it may be one of two others, richly deserves. We believe that her cost has been about sixteen thousand dollars. We think our Fayetteville friends will be equally pleased with her.


SALE OF FERRIES.—On Monday the Causeway and Ferries over Eagle’s Island, immediately opposite town, the property of the Wilmington & Manchester Railroad Co., were sold at auction for $3,450.—on credit of one, two and three years. Martin Schulken & Co., were the purchasers. There were one or two reservations connected with the sale, but it is unnecessary to relate them.—Herald.

[Wilmington Journal – Friday, December 17, 1852]

[steamboat image]

THE New Iron Steamer Zephyr will leave Fayetteville every Monday, Wednesday and Friday morning at 7 ½ o’clock. Returning, will leave Wilmington every Tuesday, Thursday and Saturday morning at 7 o’clock. For freight or passage, apply to Captain R. McRae on board, or to


Agent at Fayetteville.

J. & D. McRAE & CO.

Agents at Wilmington.

January 10, 1853.                58tf


[steamboat image]

The Brothers’ Steamboat Company,


IS prepared with Steamers “Brothers” and “Douglass” and a complement of Tow Boats, to carry with dispatch all Freights shipped by them, between Fayetteville and Wilmington, or to any intermediate landings on the River.

JOHN BANKS, Ag’t. Wilmington.

D. & W. McLAURIN, Ag’ts. Fayetteville.

Sept. 18, 1852.                    28-6m


[steamboat image]


THE return of low water renders it necessary that the Steamer Chatham should be employed as a tow boat. She will not therefore run as heretofore, on any regular days, until further notice.

JNO. D. WILLIAMS, Ag’t Cape Fear S. B. Co.

May 12, 1852.                    90-tf


[steamboat image] THE Steamer FANNY LUTTERLOH will in future leave Fayetteville on Tuesday and Friday mornings, at 6 o’clock, and Wilmington Wednesdays and Saturdays at 12 o’clock, and run regularly, carrying freight and passengers with dispatch.


July 22, 1852.                    8tf

[Fayetteville Observer, Thursday, January 20, 1853]

Steamboats at Auction.

ON THURSDAY the 10th of February next, will be sold at Public Auction, at the Market House in the Town of Fayetteville, at 12 o’clock M., all the STEAM and TOW BOATS belonging to the “Henrietta Steamboat Company.” Viz: The Steamers Evergreen and Southerner and tow Boats Henry Clay, Ben Rush, Lady of the Lake, Averasborough, and Chapel Hill.

Terms – Three, six, nine and twelve month’s credit for approved Notes. Sale positive.

J. H. COOK, President.

Jan’y 22, 1853.                        62ts

[Fayetteville Observer – Tuesday, January 25, 1853.]

MELANCHOLY ACCIDENT.—We regret to learn that Captain Wilkinson, of the Steamboat Southerner, running between this place and Fayetteville, was accidentally drowned on Thursday night last, by falling from the deck of the boat, somewhere above Elizabethtown, on her way up. Mr. Wilkinson was a young man in the prime of life, recently married, and with every prospect before him of future life, happiness and usefulness. His sudden death is deeply to be regretted.

[Wilmington Journal – Monday, January 31, 1853]

MELANCHOLY CASUALTY. – We regret to learn, that on Thursday night last, Capt. James Wilkinson, of this town, was lost from the Steamer Southerner, of which he was the Captain, whilst on the way up the river, about 2 miles above Elizabeth Town. Passing along the boat’s guards, he is supposed to have slipped upon the ice which had formed there, and plunged into the river.— The boat was immediately stopped, and every effort made to rescue him, but he was neither seen nor heard, probably having passed under the boat, or been struck by the wheel. The night was intensely cold.

What adds to the sadness of this calamity, is the fact that he had been married only a few weeks ago; and further, that he was the only surviving child of his widowed mother.

[Fayetteville Observer – Tuesday, February 1, 1853.]

Marine Intelligence


Feb. 1    Steamer Maj. Wm. Barnet, McLaughlin, from Philad., to E. J. Lutterloh

[The Wilmington Journal – Friday, February 4, 1853]

New Steamer. —

We have a new steamer in the Merchant’s Line between this and Fayetteville, called the Maj. Wm. Barnet. She is a very fine vessel; her saloon is 38 feet by 13, and handsomely fitted up for the accommodation of passengers. The Boat is 115 feet long, 132 including wheel, and 32 feet beam, including guard, and 4 feet depth of hold, draws 14 inches water, ligt: has 2 engines, 14 inch bore, 5 feet stroke; the two supposed to be 100 horse power. She was built in Camden, N. J.– Wil Commercial.


It was reported in this place on Thursday that the body of Capt Wilkinson had been found; but it appears to have been a mistake. The body has not yet been recovered.


Cape Fear & Deep River Navigation Company

We learn that Col. Alexander Murchison of this county has accepted the Presidency of the above company, (made vacant by the resignation of J. N. Clegg, Esq.,) with an annual salary of $2,000. His well known energy of character will afford an ample guaranty that this work will be pressed with the greatest vigor. Capt. Clement Smith has been appointed an engineer of the Company with a salary of $1,500 per annum. We learn that at the meeting held on 22d ult. at Summerville, and subsequently, about six thousand dollars have been subscribed to the capital stock of the Company, which added to the amount obtained by the recent meeting in Wilmington ($30,000) leaves only $4,000 to be raised to secure the $80,000 appropriation made at the late session of the Legislature.

[The North Carolinian – Fayetteville, N.C. – Saturday, February 5, 1853.]

Marine Intelligence


Feb. 6 Steamer Maj. Wm. Barnet, Barber, from Fayetteville, to E. J. Lutterloh

[The Wilmington Journal – Friday, February 11, 1853]


THE subscribers having purchased the Steamers Evergreen and Southerner and Tow Boats, lately the property of the Henrietta Steamboat Company, are now prepared to forward with despatch, between Wilmington and Fayetteville, all freights or goods entrusted to them.

F. N. & J. H. ROBERTS.

Fayetteville, Feb’y 14, 1853.

68tf Carolinian copy.

[Fayetteville Observer – Tuesday, February 15, 1853]

THE ZEPHYR.—We had the pleasure during the last week of making a trip on this delightful Boat to our sister town of Wilmington and back. We started from this place at half past 7 o’clock. A. M., and reached Wilmington about 8 o’clock, P. M. Returning we left Wilmington at 7 A. M., and reached Fayetteville at about 9 P. M.—thus performing each trip in a day.—The Zephyr is an elegant, commodious, comfortable and fast running boat. She has added very greatly to the traveling facilities of the River, and deserves encouragement at the hands of the public.

North Carolinian.


Sale of Boats.

On Thursday last, the Boats belonging to the Henrietta Steamboat Company were sold at auction for $13,340. There were two Steamers viz: the Evergreen, and Southerner, and 3 pole boats, viz: the Ben Rush; Lady of the Lake, and Averasboro. The purchasers are Messrs. F. & J. N. Roberts, who will proceed to put the new line into operation under the name of “The Frank & Jerry Line.” The energy and business qualifications of the proprietors will we doubt not, secure for this line a large share of the public patronage.—N. Carolinian.

[Wilmington Journal – Friday, February 18, 1853]

STEAMBOAT COLLISION. – On Friday last, the Southerner coming up, and the Fanny Lutterloh going down, came in contact. Both sustained injury – the Southerner very considerable, we understand.

[Fayetteville Observer – Tuesday. February 22, 1853.]

INQUEST.—Coroner Conoley held an inquest on Monday last over the body of J. F. Stidham, an Engineer, who fell into the River from the steam Boat Spray some two weeks ago and was drowned. Verdict of the Jury “accidental drowning.” The deceased was but a short time in this place; he is said to have been a man of unexceptionable integrity—much respected by those who knew him.—Wilmington Herald, March 2.

[The North Carolinian – Fayetteville, NC – March 5, 1853]


The tow-boat Lady of the Lake, belonging to Messrs. F. N. & J. H. Roberts, of this place, was entirely burnt on Tuesday evening last at about 9 o’clock. She was not freighted at the time. The loss is about $700. There was some loose rosin in the bottom of the boat, and it is thought that fire was accidentally communicated to it. There were two hands on board at the time—one of whom escaped—the other, an Irishman by the name of Jerry Hays, is supposed to have perished in the flames.

[The North Carolinian – Fayetteville, NC – March 12, 1853]

Another Boat,–A steamer, built after the model of the Ferry Boats at the North; we learn, will be launched to-day, from Mr. Cassidey’s shipyard. She was built for the Wilmington and Manchester Rail Road to convey passengers from the terminus on the other side of the River to the Depot of the W, & R. Rail Road Company.

Wilmington Herald.

[Fayetteville Observer – Monday, March 14, 1853]


THE Steamer “SPRAY,” Capt. J. W. Sterett, will leave for Smithville, Tuesday, Thursday, Saturday and Sunday mornings, at 9 o’clock. Returning same days, will leave Smithville at 3 o’clock, P. M., landing both ways at Orton wharf.

Passage 50 cents in all cases.

Freight 25 cents per barrel, other articles in proportion.

Apply to Capt. Sterett on board or to


No. 2, South Wharves.

February 16th, 1853        139-ly


THE STEAMER “SPRAY,” commanded by Captain STERETT, well known to this community as a most skilful seaman and polite gentleman, is now making regular tri-weekly trips between this place and Smithville. The “Spray” is a handsome and swift boat. A Smithville correspondent speaks of her as follows:

“As far as the traveling public between this place and Smithville is concerned, we commend them to the steamer Spray, and its polite and skilful Captain, and we sincerely wish we could procure for it, the transportation of the mails.”


“STEAMER ZEPHYR.”—We have heretofore noticed the Iron Steamer Zephyr, commanded by Capt. R. McRae. All who have seen the boat can but admire her. It affords us pleasure to notice the rapid increase to her passenger list. On her last trip down, we learn, she brought fifty passengers. She has fulfilled her engagements with unprecedented punctuality, often coming down from Fayetteville in 7 ½ hours, running time. She is now making semi-weekly trips between this place and Fayetteville.

[Wilmington Journal – Friday, March 18, 1853]

The Zephyr on her last trip from Fayetteville, came gallantly to the wharf with 50 passengers on board.—1b. {from the Wilmington Journal}

[Fayetteville Observer – Monday, March 21, 1853]

The body of Capt. James Wilkinson of this place, who was lost overboard from the Steamer Southerner, which he commanded, on the night of the 27th January last, was found in the river on Monday night last, taken on board the Steamer Chatham, Capt. Evans, and arrived here yesterday morning. It was consigned to the grave yesterday afternoon, attended by the Independent Company, of which he was a member, and a large concourse of friends of himself and his family.

We understand, that notwithstanding the long period since his death, the body was but little defaced, and that in his pocket were found his money, notes, and papers, (including a note written to his young wife just before starting from Wilmington, which something prevented his sending,) all in a good state of preservation.

[Fayetteville Observer – Thursday Evening. March 24, 1853]

BODY FOUND.—The body of Capt. James Wilkinson; late of the Steamer Southerner, was found last Monday, about 20 miles above this place in the Cape Fear River. The body was identified from the clothes and papers found upon it. His pocket book contained about $100, and a note of $100—and other papers, which were but slightly defaced. Capt. Wilkinson was lost on the night of the 27th January last, from off the Steamer Southerner which boat he commanded at the time, and was running between this place and Fayetteville.

[Wilmington Journal – Friday, March 25, 1853]

[pointing finger icon>>] The Steamer “Zephyr” arrived here from Fayetteville last Monday afternoon, at fifteen minutes before 5 o’clock. This is the quickest trip which has ever been made between the two places, being only ten hours including all stoppages.

[Wilmington Journal – Friday, April 22, 1853]


STEAMER “SPRAY” will make excursions every [<<sailing ship image] Saturday during month of May to Oak Island, visiting Fort Caswell, and landing at Smithville and Orton.

Tickets $1; children under 12 years, half price.

May 5th, ’53.—[206-tf]    A. H. VanBOKKELN.

[Wilmington Journal — Friday, May 6, 1853]


THE 4 Flat Boats or Lighters belonging to the Bladen Steam Boat Company, will be sold on the 1st Monday of August next, at the Elizabeth Town Landing. The Boats are of good material, and in running order.

Terms, 90 days negotiable note at Bank.


July 12, 1853.                    14*ts

[Fayetteville Observer — Monday Evening – July 18, 1853]

The Annual meeting of the Stockholders of the Cape Fear and Deep River Navigation Company was held at Summerville on the 21st ult. Reports by the President and Directors and the Chief Engineer were submitted, accepted and directed to be published.

Col. Alex Murchison was unanimously re-elected President. Messrs. Jno. H. Haughton , A. S. McNeill, L. J. Haughton, Peter G. Evans, and Elias Bryan, were elected Directors.

The next Annual meeting will be held on the third Thursday in July 1854.

[Fayetteville Observer – Monday Evening — August 8, 1853]

[steamboat image]

Notice to Merchants.


THE swift and commodious Steamboat Alice, Capt. Sam’l Beery, will commence her regular semi-weekly trips between Fayetteville and Wilmington in a few days. Those who desire their goods with certainty and dispatch will obtain them by shipping by her. Due notice of days and hours of departure from each place will be given. Goods consigned to J. R. Blossom, Agent, will be promptly and carefully forwarded, as usual.

August 1853.        EJL            18tf

[Fayetteville Observer – Thursday Evening – August 11, 1853]

EXPLOSION ON THE CAPE FEAR.—We regret to learn that the Steamer Chatham burst her boilers on Saturday morning last, on her downward trip, about 15 miles above Elizabeth.

The Captain, who was standing upon the upper deck, immediately above the boilers, was blown into the river, scalded, and otherwise injured. The fireman, a free negro named Dick, is missing, and is supposed to have been killed. One of the hands also, was seriously injured. The boat sunk immediately.

The Chatham is owned by the Cape Fear Company.

[Fayetteville Observer – Monday Evening – August 15, 1853]

Steamboat Accident.

We learn that the Steamer Chatham, belonging to the cape Fear Line, running between this place and Fayetteville, burst one of her boilers on Saturday last, when about thirty miles below Fayetteville, on her way down. She sank in seven feet water. A negro fireman was killed by the bursting of the boiler. The Captain was knocked overboard and another person slightly injured. Loss not known. We presume the Chatham can be raised and put again in order.

[Wilmington Journal – Friday, August 19, 1853]


On Saturday evening last our citizens were startled by the announcement that the Steamer Chatham, on her downward trip, about thirty miles below this place, had met with a serious accident by the explosion of her boiler.

We understand the explosion was caused by allowing the water to get too low in the boiler and then pumping in cold water while it was in a heated state.

The boiler was bursted all to pieces, throwing the smoke-stack a considerable distance on land and shattering the boat so badly that it sunk in six or eight feet water. Capt. Evans was knocked into the River and narrowly escaped drowning, the Boat floating over him. It was reported that his arm was broken, but we learn that his injuries are not as serious as at first supposed.

A free man of color, named Dick, from Newbern, who acted as fireman, was killed.

A negro man by the name of Fred, belonging to Mrs. Martin of Moore county, we understand was seriously injured.

The Chatham, never having complied with the steamboat law, did not carry passengers. Her freight consisted of Spirits Turpentine, Sheeting, and Printing Paper from the Mill of David Murphy, Esq. We suppose it will nearly all be saved in a damaged state.

The Boat, we believe, was owned by the Cape Fear Company, and was only insured against fire.

[The North Carolinian – Fayetteville, NC – Saturday, August 20, 1853]

STEAMERS ON CAPE FEAR.—Messrs. Rush & Orrell, of this place, have built a new Steamer—”The Sun”—for the Cape Fear River. The Sun is propelled by 2 engines, 32 horse power each, will run in 13 inches water, is 118 feet long, 18 feet beam, and 4 feet deep, in the hold. Whole length 128 feet—breadth, 28 feet.

Mr. Lutterloh has refitted the “Barnett,” and changed its name to the “Alice,” now making regular trips between this and Wilmington.

For particulars, see advertisements in this paper.

[Fayetteville Observer – Monday Evening, September 12, 1853]


THROUGH from A. Wessell’s wharf in Wilmington, to her old wharf in Fayetteville, with a sufficient number of Flats to accommodate those wishing to ship through or way freight.        R. M. ORRELL,

Agent at Fayetteville.

Sept. 9, 1853.                    27tf



THIS new and very light draught Steamer has commenced running, though not quite finished. She is taking freight, drawing only 13 inches water. She possesses superior advantages for low water service.—She has also a large amount of warehouse, shed and wharf room, where Naval Stores or other freight may be stored with safety.

R. M. ORRELL, Ag’t.

Sept. 10, 1853.                    27tf



WILL commence her regular trips on Wednesday, 31st August: will leave Fayetteville WEDNESDAY and SATURDAY mornings at 6 o’clock, and Wilmington on MONDAY and THURSDAY mornings at 6 o’clock.

She has superior accommodations for passengers.


Agent at Fayetteville.


Agent at Wilmington.

August 29, 1853.                28-1m

[Fayetteville Observer – Thursday Evening – September 15, 1853]

Frank & Jerry Steamboat Line.

The undersigned having added three new boats of large capacity, to their before efficient Line, now offer their services to Merchants, Naval Store Shippers, and all other persons that have freight to ship.

F. N. & J. H. ROBERTS.

Jan. 11, 1854             1-tf

[North Carolina Argus – Fayetteville, NC – Wednesday March 1, 1854]


THE undersigned have associated themselves together for the purpose of doing a general Boating Business on the Cape Fear River. They would therefore give notice to the public, that they are now prepared to accommodate them at all times with a Steam Boat at both ends of the Line.



Oct. 16, 1854            41tf


A Boat and Several Building Lots.

THREE and one-tenth acres of Land in Cambellton, and the Pleasure Boat which was exhibited at the County Fair, for sale. Apply to

F. N. & J. H. ROBERTS.

Dec. 13, 1854         57-tf



THE Steamer SUN will leave this place every TUESDAY, at 12 o’clock, with Passengers and Freight.

R. M. ORRELL, Agent.

Fayetteville, May 31, 1854.        1-tf



THE undersigned having on the 20th May last formed a Copartnership under the name and style of “LUTTERLOH & CO.” for the purpose of transacting a general Boating business on the Cape Fear River, the Steamer Fanny Lutterloh has been repaired, and is now in superior order for freighting and carrying passengers. She will make regularly two trips a week, leaving Fayetteville Mondays and Thursdays at 15 minutes after Sunrise, and Wilmington Tuesdays and Fridays at 10 o’clock. The Steamer Rowan with a full complement of Flats will make one trip or more a week, as circumstances may require. The Boats of this line being of very light draft of water, shippers may rely on dispatch. The Steamer Fanny Lutterloh has made two trips a week, for the last twenty-two months, up to the 20th May, during the lowest state of the River. Shippers by our line may rely with certainty on dispatch.

W. P. ELLIOTT, Agent Wilmington.

J. F. MARSH, Agent Fayetteville.





J. B. TROY, Jr.

July 25, 1854.            17tf

[Fayetteville Observer – January 1, 1855]

THE DEEP RIVER IMPROVEMENT.—We find in the Wilmington Journal the very remarkable Report of F. A. Douglass, the Engineer employed by the Deep River Company to examine their works. It is dated at Philadelphia, Nov. 13th, 1854, and we suppose has been presented in the Legislature. Of that, however, we are not certain; for we cannot procure the documents printed by order of the Legislature, except when the courtesy of a member or two induces them to send us one. When this session commenced, we authorized a friend to order for us, and pay for, every printed document, bill, and report and in pursuance of the arrangement he made with the State printer, we received one small parcel only. The legislation of the State is but poorly understood by the people when even the newspapers cannot obtain a sight of the information on which it is founded.

But to return to this remarkable Report.

Mr. Douglass says,–

“The gentle declivity of the Cape Fear and Deep Rivers, averaging only about two feet per mile, together with the high banks on both sides, extending throughout the whole distance from Fayetteville to the head of your works, renders the improvement by slack water navigation, as adopted by your company, peculiarly applicable to those Rivers; and is the best that could be devised. Its failure (if it can be so characterized) may be attributed to three causes. 1st, defect in the plans of the different parts of the work; 2d, careless and unfaithful execution of the same; 3d, the unfinished and unprotected state in which the work has been left.”

“From information derived from others, and from my own observations, I am induced to believe that it would be much better for the shipping port of Fayetteville if the Cross Creek lock and Dam was located some miles lower down the River. In connection with this I will remark that I am inclined to believe that the River between Fayetteville and Wilmington can, at a moderate expense, be improved so as to admit of the passage of crafts of at least 300 tons burden, at all stages of water. If this can be done without incurring too much expense, it would be of vast importance to Fayetteville and the country bordering on the River above that place to have it done.”

Mr. Douglass says that the base of the dams, instead of being only double their height, should have been three or four times the height, with a slope on the lower side of three or four base to one perpendicular.

The materials in the Locks have not been put in the right shape. The packing has been badly done, the stone having been thrown in loose. Most of the mechanical work has been “passably well executed.”

“The Dams at Jones’ Falls, Silver Run, Red Rock, and Gulf, are built on rather treacherous foundations, and have become a good deal undermined from the action of the water falling over them. To secure these Dams it will be necessary to increase the base about 30 or 35 feet, and build the addition in deep water below the Dam, and give it a slope down stream of about four base to one rise, and covered with timer six inches in thickness, well secured with bolts and treenails.” &c., &c.

Reeve’s Dam and Farrish’s Fish Trap Dam are located in short bends of the River, so that it will be difficult or impossible for boats to enter them, especially in high water. He therefore recommends that they be abandoned, and the two dams below them raised, so as to flow the water higher. The cost will be $3,769.

The old mill dam at P. G. Evans’s is condemned as insufficient, and another below recommended.

“The Locks at Silver Run and Red Rock, are so much impaired that I am apprehensive that it will be difficult to make them stand a length of time without incurring a large expense, and then they will be quite imperfect. I would therefore recommend securing them temporarily by bracing and cribbing, and proceed as soon as practicable to rebuild them in a more permanent and substantial manner.

“The Lock at the Gulf is placed in the pool above the Dam, and the pressure of the water from the outside has pressed in the side about one foot, and burst off the planking. In order to secure this, there will have to be a crib built outside of the Lock in the pool about 12 feet distant from the Lock, and the wall brought back to its place and secured with long sure bolts to the crib, and the space between the Lock and crib filled with good pudling.

“All the other Locks can be secured by constructing cribs on the river side to prevent them from being undermined, and by supporting the walls with braces and buttresses. I would recommend that in all cases where the Locks are not completed, that an alteration be made in the head of the Locks, so as to place the gates on a level with the top of the breast wall, and a stepe gate be placed at the head of the Locks, and wing cribs constructed both above and below all the Locks. I will further suggest—building the Lock at Cross Creek, and these to be rebuilt at Silver Run and Red Rock, of rubble masonry laid in cement, and as fast as the other Locks require rebuilding, to build them in the same manner, and make them 24 feet in width. The additional cost with the aid of the navigation to transport the materials will not exceed $3,000 each Lock. I would also recommend that the depth of water be increased to five feet instead of three feet eight inches, the present depth. The additional cost will not exceed $10,000.”

The above are the principal recommendations of Mr. Douglass. He appended estimates, but the Journal has not published them, nor have we seen them.


Dobbs, having read very attentively the report of Mr. Douglas the Engineer, concerning the present condition of the Deep River Improvement, and ascertained that for the most part the works will have to be done over again, expressed his concurrence in the views of the Engineer after this expressive fashion “DEEP RIVER BE DAMNED.”—Wil. Herald.

[Fayetteville Observer – Thursday Evening – January 11, 1855]

To the Freighting Public.

THE Brothers’ Steam Boat Co. is now prepared with the following boats:









To transport all Naval Stores, Produce and other Freight intrusted to their care, with as much dispatch as any other line of Boats on the River. They are provided with suitable Wharf and Ware-House accommodations to do a general business, and hope by strict attention to the interest of shippers, to meet a share of public patronage.

J. S. BANKS, Ag’t,



At Wilmington.

Sept. 19, 1853.     29tf

[Fayetteville Observer – January 18, 1855]

Express Steam Boat Line.



for passengers and Freight:

Str.    EVERGREEN, and


for Freight only.

Lighters –    J. R. BLOSSOM,








RAMSEY & BRO.,    } {W. H. McRARY & CO.,

Ag’ts at Fayetteville    } { Ag’ts at Wilmington.

All goods sent to the care of the “EXPRESS STEAM BOAT LINE” will be taken on Freight, and forwarded with the greatest despatch.

As our facilities for accommodation are greater than ever before known on our River, it will be our greatest pleasure and effort to give still the more satisfaction.



Oct. 16, 1854.            4xtf

[Fayetteville Observer – January 29, 1855]


THE Office of the Brothers’ Steam Boat Company is removed to the Huske Building, on Green street, next door to P. Taylor’s.

J. S. BANKS, Ag’t.

Nov 6, 1854         46tf

[Fayetteville Observer – Thursday Evening – April 12, 1855]

We understand the Cape Fear River is completely beside itself. It is running around the eastern end of the Cross Creek lock-as hard as it can tear.

[North Carolina Argus – Fayetteville, NC – Saturday January 5, 1856]

Brothers' Steam Boat Company Advertisement

Brothers' Steam Boat Company Advertisement

[Fayetteville Observer – August 04, 1856]

Freighting on the Cape Fear River Notice - FO Aug. 4, 1856

Freighting on the Cape Fear River Notice - FO Aug. 4, 1856

[Also appeared in the North Carolina Argus – Fayetteville, NC – Saturday January 26, 1856]

The meeting of the ‘stockholders in the Cape Fear and Deep River Navigation Company will be held at Haywood on the 17th inst.

[Fayetteville Observer – April 14, 1856]

CAPE FEAR AND DEEP RIVER NAVIGATION COMPANY.—From the Wilmington Herald we learn that the Stockholders met at Haywood on the 17th inst., Hon. Hugh Waddell presiding, and Messrs. H. A. London, D. E. McNair, and John Manning, Secretaries.

Seth B. Jones, Esq. represented the State.

The Reports of the President, Engineer and Treasurer were read, received and ordered to be filed.

Nathaniel Clegg, Esq., offered the following preamble and resolutions, viz:

WHEREAS, By a resolution passed at the last annual meeting of the Stockholders of this company, requesting the Directors to secure the services of E. A. Douglass, Esq., of Pennsylvania, or some other competent engineer, to superintend the work on the Cape Fear and Deep Rivers; and in compliance with which the Directors did employ said Douglass for the sum of $5,000 per annum:

Resolved, That though we have the utmost confidence in the skill and ability of said Douglass, we are of opinion that he has not devoted that time and attention to our work which the salary given him would justify and demand.

Resolved, That if said Douglass cannot devote more of his time and talent to our work, that the Directors are hereby requested to reduce his salary or to discharge him.

Which resolutions, on motion of M. Q. Waddell, Esq., were laid on the table.

M. Q. Waddell, Esq., offered the following:

Resolved, That no portion of the $300,000 appropriated by the Legislature of 1854-‘5 shall be applied in payment of any interest or preferred stock until the completion of the work on the Cape Fear and Deep Rivers.

On motion of Isaac Clegg, Esq., this resolution was indefinitely postponed.

M. Q. Waddell, Esq., offered the following resolutions, viz:

Resolved, 1st., That the balance of the $300,000, be kept by the Treasurer of the company, for the purpose of paying the interest upon preferred stock.

Resolved, 2d., That it was unwise and impolitic in the Directors of the Company to fritter away the funds of this Company, in holding their meetings at so many different places in the state, involving an expense in traveling, by the payment of the per diem of each member of the Board, wholly useless and at war with the best interests of the company. [Unanimously rejected.]

M. Q. Waddell, Esq., then offered the following resolution, viz:

Resolved, That the Directors of this Company have delayed this work unnecessarily, by refusing to accept bids for the work on Deep River from persons who were responsible, and offered to take the work and run the chance of getting their pay out of any funds remaining after the Cape Fear River should be finished; and, finally when the work on Deep River was let out, they let out only a portion of it, greatly to the detriment of those residing and owning lands above the points, to which the work is now only to be finished.

Adopted by a majority of 21—the State voting no.

John H. Haughton, Esq., offered the following:

Resolved, That the President and Directors shall put to contract all the remaining work on Deep River, or so much thereof as the means of the company will justify, having a due regard to the completion of the Cape Fear, as contemplated by the resolution of the last general meeting at Wilmington on this subject; and that, in carrying out this resolution, said Board are hereby authorized to employ the slaves of the company, or to sell them, and apply the funds thereof, as in their discretion they may deem best for the speedy consummation of the object herein expressed; and that the resolution of last Wilmington meeting, or so much thereof as is in conflict with this, be rescinded.

Resolved, 2d., That the work Deep River be done on the most economical plan upon which the Chief Engineer can have the same executed, having a due regard to a good navigation. [Adopted.]

Col. John McRae offered the following resolution:

Resolved; That the President and Directors of this Company be and are hereby authorized and requested, if in their opinion they shall deem it advisable, to enter into an agreement with some private individuals or companies, for putting on boats and transporting produce and merchandize over such portions of the work as may or shall be completed; and that, in making any such arrangements, they shall fix the rate of tolls to be paid on such produce and merchandize, and a maximum rate of freight to be charged by such individuals or companies. [Passed.]

The following preamble and resolutions were offered by Col. McRae:

WHEREAS, It is an essential feature in the operations of any Corporation or Company, that there be some head man possessing suitable qualities, who shall be responsible for the successful prosecution, and management of its operations, and whereas, in the prosecution of the enterprise, undertaken by this Company, the suitable qualifications required, are skill and experience, such as we believe to be possessed by Mr. E. A. Douglass, the gentleman chosen by the Directory as Engineer, with the approbation of this Company. Therefore

Resolved, That while we hold him responsible for the success of his plans adopted by our Directory, it would be manifestly unjust, that they should be changed, or that he and his agents should be interfered with, in the execution of them, without his consent. Which were adopted.

Col. Alex. Murchison was re-elected President, and Messrs. Haughton, McNeill and Cassidey, Directors.

On motion of H. A. London, it was

Resolved, That the Treasurer of the Company be authorized to receive subscription for preferred stock and the first moneys raised by said subscription be used by him, first to pay off John C. Smith and Henry Elliot, and after that Alex. Murchison and all others.

On motion of John A. Moore, it was

Resolved, That the President and Directors be instructed at as early a day as possible to raise from the preferred stock, any deficit that the contemplated alterations in the work may not meet, for the completion of the work at the Gulf, and at P. G. Evans’. Provided, however, that this resolution be understood as applying to the work only so much of said stock as may not be necessary to pay old debts against the Company.

On motion of N. M. Clegg, it was Resolved, That the President and Board of Directors be and are hereby authorized to make such an arrangement with the Trustee for the use of the steamboat J. H. Haughton by the Company as may be to the best interest of all parties.

The following Preamble and Resolutions offered by Dr. S. McClanahan, passed unanimously, viz:

Whereas there is now pending before the Military Committee of the House of Representatives of the United States, a resolution of enquiry as to the propriety and expediency of establishing on Deep River a National Foundry and Armory, and whereas such a work would not only add greatly to the value of the Coal region and to that of the Agricultural interests of the surrounding country by furnishing a large home market for all surplus produce, but to that of the State of North Carolina at large. Be it therefore

Resolved, That a committee of six persons be appointed by the President of this Convention who shall memorialize Congress on this subject and visit Norfolk and Charleston if deemed proper, at which points there are Navy Yards interested in this subject and procure their aid and that of their Representatives in Congress in obtaining for the State of North Carolina, the benefit of the foundry and armory.

On motion of J. C. Smith, the president of the Convention was added to the committee.

The Convention then adjourned.


Mr. Cassidey, one of the Directors of the above Company, has published a card in the Wilmington Herald, stating that Messrs. Dugan Cartwright & Co., had submitted a proposition to the Directors, to take the entire work on Deep River, and complete it in August next, at the Engineer’s estimates, and according to his plans and specifications; and not to be paid for, until all the work on the River below was completed, and then if our fund fell short (the $300,000) they would take (if necessary) to the amount of $25,000 of preferred stock as payment.” This proposal, says Mr. C., was rejected: For it, Messrs. John H. Haughton, and James Cassidey. For rejecting the proposi{ti)on, Hon. A. Rencher, J. J. Jackson, R. E. Rives. Col. A. S. McNeill absent.

[Fayetteville Observer – April 28, 1856]


FROM and after this date the Brothers’ Steam Boat Company, will not be responsible for any damages or loss on way Freight, unless the consignee or his agent, is on the river bank when the goods are delivered, to make his objection or claim.

A. D. CAZAUX, Agent

Brothers’ Steam Boat Company.

Jan. 10, 1856.             105-tf



Fayetteville Passenger Line.

THE NEW STEAMER “MAGNOLIA” will leave Fayetteville Tuesdays and Fridays at 15 minutes after sunrise, and Wilmington Wednesdays and Saturdays at o’clock. Passage $4.


June 14, 1855                77-tf


Freight and Passenger Line between Wilmington

and Fayetteville.



Leaves Fayetteville on Monday and Thursday mornings, 15 minutes after sun-rise.

Leaves Wilmington on Tuesday and Friday mornings.

Steamer FANNY LUTTERLOH, leaves Fayetteville on Tuesday and Friday mornings, 15 minutes after sun-rise.

Leaves Wilmington Wednesday and Saturday mornings. Both carrying Freight and Passengers.

Steamers ROWAN, with full sets of Lighters, runs regularly, carrying Freight only.

The regularity of our Boats on all stages of the River, and the dispatch and promptness in delivering goods, are too well known to require comment.

To our patrons we tender our thanks for the very liberal patronage heretofore bestowed, and can assure all shippers that no effort will be spared in future, and feel confident that our facilities for dispatch are equal if not superior to any line on Cape Fear River.


Agent for Lutterloh & Co.

Fayetteville, Oct. 1, 1856         146-tf

[North Carolina Argus – Fayetteville, NC – Saturday, April 25, 1857]


[boat image] BY VIRTUE of a deed of trust made by John and James Banks, to the undersigned, on the 3d day of March, 1857, we will proceed to sell at public Auction in front of the Custom House, on 20th May, at 11 o’clock. A. M., the Steamer BROTHERS AND 4 LIGHTERS.

Terms made known on day of sale.


JESSE T. WARDEN,    } Assignees.

Wilmington, April 25.                2-tf

[Fayetteville Observer – April 25, 1857]


THE Steamer JAMES R. GRIST, with Lighters, having changed owners, will continue to run between Fayetteville and Wilmington, stopping at intermediate Landings. Prompt personal attention will be given to all freights entrusted to my care.


April 14, 1857             172-2n

[North Carolina Argus – Fayetteville, NC – Saturday May 15, 1857]


Commission Merchant,

Fayetteville, N. C.,

Agent for Lutterloh & Co.’s Steam Boat Line.

Will attend promptly to all business intrusted to his care.

October 21, 1856             146-tf

[North Carolina Argus – Fayetteville, NC – Saturday August 15, 1857]

The steamer J. H. Haughton, which left here for Lockville, on the 26th inst., took up with her a quantity of merchandize, and also a lot of materials for the Deep River Improvement. We learn that the work in the Egypt Coal mines is going on rapidly, and that, from present appearances, coal will soon be ready for delivery.

Wilmington Herald.

[Fayetteville Observer – February 1, 1858]



Our community is intensely shocked this morning by intelligence that the Steamer Magnolia, Captain John M. Stedman, burst her boilers and sunk in deep water, near Whitehall, on the Cape Fear River, yesterday morning. A brief letter from one of the passengers sent by private hand to Mr. W. H. Lutterloh, gives us all the reliable news as yet received.

The letter is dated Wednesday 1 o’clock, and at the time of writing the bodies of seven persons had been found. The only names mentioned among the killed are those of Captain Stedman and a negro man Charles, one of the boat’s crew, belonging to Mrs. John Murchison. Thos. S. Lutterloh, Esq., the owner of the Magnolia, was on board and severely hurt.

It is supposed, from the location of the disaster, that there was, as usual, a number of way passengers; and it is feared that some, ladies and children among them, went down with the boat.

Capt. Stedman leaves a large and helpless family, (his wife the daughter of the late Judge Potter.) We learn that he had a Life Policy of $2000 in the Greensborough Mutual Company.

In addition to the above particulars, we have seen a letter from the Rev. A. Paul Repiton, of Wilmington, who was a passenger on the Magnolia, and who writes from the W. & M. Rail Road, (9 miles from the scene of the disaster,) which he had reached on his return to Wilmington. He says,–

“By request of Mr. Lutterloh, of your place, I write to inform you that the Magnolia burst her boiler last night about 12 o’clock. Some 12 or 15 passengers are dead. Capt. Stedman is also among the missing, and had not been found up to the time I left White Hall, where the accident happened. Mr. Lutterloh has sustained no injury except in his left shoulder, which it is thought may be dislocated. I left him at White Hall, where he requested me to write from this point for the sake of his family.”

[Fayetteville Observer – Thursday Evening, February 18, 1858]


We learn that about midnight of Tuesday last, the Steamer Magnolia of the Lutterloh line, which left this place on the afternoon of the same day, stopped at Whitehall landing, Bladen county, some forty-nine miles from Wilmington, to put a passenger ashore. While at the landing, her boiler exploded, making a complete wreck of the boat, and killing and wounding a number of persons. The following are all the particulars of the loss of life that we have been able to learn.

White Persons Killed. – Capt. Stedman, commander of the boat, Dr. Fellows, a young gentleman from Philadelphia, said to have been raised in Sampson; Mr. Tyson; a female from Wilmington, and boy about eight years old, — neither names known.

Colored Persons Killed. — Simon, the cook; Charles, the Pilot, and two or three others. – names unknown. A colored man named Carver, or Carter, was mortally wounded, and another colored man badly hurt, although he may possibly recover.

Mr. T. S. Lutterloh of Fayetteville, was pretty severely injured in the shoulder, but his situation is not supposed to be dangerous. It is proper to remark that the body of Captain Stedman has not been found, but no doubts are entertained of his death. It is believed that some fifteen persons were killed, but our accounts are very meager. Rev. A. P. Repiton, of Wilmington, was on board and made a narrow escape. There were some thirty passengers aboard. The boat was valued at $10,000 . No insurance.

P. S. — We learn that a man named George Payman, or Pearman, from Wilmington, was aboard, accompanying a corpse, which he was carrying up to Fayetteville for interment. The coffin and what it contained were blown to pieces, and the many has not been heard of, so that there is too much reason to fear that he also has been killed.

[WDJ Thursday Evening, February 18, 1858]

THE EXPLOSION ON BOARD THE MAGNOLIA.—The only additional particulars of this melancholy affair that we have received, are contained in the communication of our attentive correspondent “Bladen,” who has our thanks for his courtesy. We would also call attention to the advertisement of Mr. Sikes, who seeks an owner for one hundred and twenty-two dollars in gold found in a buckskin purse, hanging to an oak near the scene of the accident. The scene must, indeed, have presented a melancholy and pitiable sight, as described by our correspondent, and the news will carry wailing and distress to many a fireside.


For the Journal.

WHITE HALL, Feb. 17th, 1858.

MESSRS. EDITORS: An awful and heart-rending scene is presented here this morning.

On last night, (Tuesday, the 16th inst.,) at 12 o’clock, the steamer Magnolia, Capt. Stedman, while delivering passengers and freight at this place, exploded her boilers, scattering wreck, ruin and death around. I have only time to state a few of the particulars.

Among the whites we have found

Captain John Stedman, killed.

Dr. Milton Fellows, of Bladen, killed.

Thomas J. Tyson, of Cumberland, killed.

James O. West, of Bladen, on the boat, not found.

Susan E. Larry, (or Leary,) formerly of Marion C. H., S. C., late of Norfolk, Va., on the boat, not found.

A small boy named Andrew Bell, on the boat, not found.

Negroes. — Five dead bodies found.

It is though that from five to ten others, white and black, are lsot.

Badly Hurt. – T. S. Lutterloh, arm broken, doing well; Geo. Peaman, Wilmington, badly scalded and otherwise injured; Archibald McRae, son of John McRae, of Harnett county, badly burned; together with several others.

The boat is a total ruin. Parts of her hull, machinery and apparel cover the shore for two hundred yards around.

Harrison Driver, the mate, after being blown overboard into the river, swam to the flat lying at the landing, and was instantly active and efficient in rendering relief. Driver’s conduct merits much praise. The sufferers are being well attended to.

Those of the whites, not here named, who were known to have been on the boat, are saved.

The most melancholy and pitiable sight is presented here. Frightful and horribly distorted corpses lie scattered around.        Yours in great haste,


[Wilmington Daily Journal – Friday Evening, February 19, 1858]

THE WHITEHALL DISASTER.—Nothing positive has been added to the statement published in the last Observer, except the names (in part) of the killed and wounded. We have been unable to obtain a list of those on board the Magnolia, (supposed to number 35 to 40) at the time of the explosion, or a complete list of the saved. Eleven persons are known to have been killed, and one of the wounded negroes has since died. From five to ten other negroes are reported among the missing, and are believed to have been killed.

The fullest statement we have seen is contained in the annexed letter, which from its date, should have reached us in time for the last Observer, but only came to hand by yesterday’s (Sunday) mail.

The general opinion here as to the cause of the disaster differs from that entertained by our correspondent’s informants. It is most commonly supposed that the explosion was caused by the rush of cold water upon the heated and exhausted boilers; not by a head of steam too large for their capacity. We have heard that the Magnolia was permitted by the U. S. Examining Officer to carry 125 lbs., and that there were not on board weights to enable her to carry more. But all these matters will of course be investigated, and it is proper in the meantime that the views of those on board should be made known, as they are by our correspondent, that if erroneous, they may be rectified. Mr. Lutterloh, as soon as he recovers, intends, as we hear, to make a thorough investigation.

Letter to the Editors of the Observer, dated,

ELIZABETHTOWN, Feb. 17, 1858.

MESSRS. EDITORS: The citizens of this community were called upon, on yesterday, to witness the most melancholy and awful scene perhaps ever exhibited within the borders of our State.

The steamer Magnolia, Captain John M. Stedman, while lying at the wharf at Whitehall, on Tuesday night the 16th inst., exploded her boilers, scattering wreck and death on every hand!

From all the information which I could gather in the hurry and confusion incident to this accident, it appears that the boat had been running under unusual pressure of steam, which was not permitted to escape after she was stopped to deliver a passenger and a few articles of freight. The fire in the furnace was very high, steam was fast generating, and an additional weight having been applied to the lever which commands the escape at the safety-valve, no change was given it to expend its force, save in the way it did.

At about the hour of 11 o’clock “there came a burst of thunder sound,” shaking, jarring and blowing into a million of atoms the hull, apparel and machinery of the boat, and burling for hundreds of feet on every side human bodies, fragments of iron, wood and clothing, strewing and lining the shore so completely with particles of the wreck that one could scarcely have escaped unhurt had he been standing a hundred feet away on any side.

The report of the explosion was heard for nine miles so distinctly as to awaken persons from sleep.

The boiler, weighing two or three thousand pounds, was blown at least three hundred feet over a store-house some 30 or 40 feet high, striking in its flight and breaking a stick of ton-timber 16 inches square, upsetting two others, and cutting off two trees at least eight inches through!

Of the immense force exerted in this explosion, I can give you no adequate idea. Description is too meager to convey a commensurate sense of it. Bolts and bars of iron were cast as mere playthings from its giant blast. The tree-tops round about are hung full of great sheets of the deck, and articles of clothing flutter from the branches as though they had been vomited from her boiling cauldron and hung there to dry.* A portion of a door, with the lock attached, was found at least six hundred feet from the wreck!

The hull of the boat is torn to fragments, and presents the idea of a huge mastodonic skeleton exhumed, with its big ribs alone remaining to outline its form!

One can hardly conceive that so much force and power could possibly be shut up and confined in so small a compass. In short, sirs, the Magnolia is a total wreck. Her furniture, machinery and fixments generally are torn into fragments. Had natural and artificial force combined to despoil her of her fair proportions, they could not have succeeded more effectually in accomplishing her end.

I am not, at this time, sufficiently quiet in feeling to give you a particular account of all that this scene presented. I have not been accustomed to look upon death in such hideous and distorted shapes as there seemed to mock the observer. Here and there lay the dead, bruised, blackened and mangled; ghastly wounds, exuding blood, shocked me on every side, and my tears were dried up in their very fountain by this sirocco of death! May it never blow in our midst again!

Among the whites killed the bodies of the following persons have been found: Capt. John M. Stedman, dreadfully torn and disfigured; Dr. Milton Fellows of Bladen, (a bar or bolt of iron entered his throat just under his chin, and passed out at or near the mould of his head); Thomas I. Tyson, Cedar Creek, Cumberland.

In addition, the following whites are thought to have been killed,–(they were known to have been on the boat and have not since been heard from)—James O. West, Bladen; Susan E. Leary, formerly of Marion Court House, S. C., late of Norfolk, Va.; Andrew Bell, a small boy, in company with the above.

Among the negroes, have been found the bodies of five. It is believed that from five to ten others are lost.

Wounded.—Mr. Lutterloh, arm broken and bruised—doing well; Arch’d, son of John McRae, of Harnet, badly scalded; George Pearman, Wilmington, slightly scalded and otherwise injured; several negroes, one mortally.


Mr. John W. Sikes advertises in the Wilmington Journal for the owner of $122 in gold, found in a buck-skin purse hanging to an oak near the scene of the disaster.—OBS.

It is thought that at least thirteen lives have been lost by this explosion. It is not for me to say how it occurred. No one can tell positively where the blame, if any, should lie.

I have been told that one of the Captains of the boats on the River gives it as his opinion that the boiler exploded from gas; that the boiler was perfect and capable of resisting a pressure of one hundred and sixty pounds of steam without danger, if properly supplied with water. Persons who were on the boat, however, generally believe that she was carrying too much steam.

Great credit is due to Harrison Driver, the mate, for his very prompt and efficient services in rendering relief. Driver was thrown overboard into the River, but, with great presence of mind, he swam to the ferry flat with which he was instantly active at the wreck.

There is a sad and poignant regret in the death of poor Fellows. He had labored hard and sedulously against opposing circumstances in life to acquire a place in the Medical profession, and was just returning from Philadelphia, ‘bouyant and happy, to his home and friends, when, alas for human hopes and promises! he was cut down at the very threshold!

——“Earthly things

Are but the transient pageant of an hour,

And earthly pride is like the passing flower

That springs to fall, and blossoms but to die.”

In a hasty and random way I have noted some few incidents of this calamitous mishap. It came upon us “as a thief in the night.” Let us hope that our eyes may never look upon its like again, and that God may so comfort the heart of the widow and the fatherless, as ere long sunshine and joy may take the place of sadness and sorrow.

P. S. Driver, the mate, testified before the jury of inquest that the boat had been running for several weeks without the services of the steam-guage,–by guess. The guage was out of fix. The community should have known this, or the boat should have been taken from her work.

Yours, &c.            BLADEN.

Just as we are going to press, we learn from Mr. T. S. Lutterloh, that the statement as to the Steam-Guage is entirely without foundation, as he knows from personal examination.


The remains of Capt. John M. Stedman, of the ill-fated steamer Magnolia, were followed to the grave, on Friday afternoon, by the Order of Odd Fellows, the Independent Company, and a large number of citizens. A tribute to his memory, handed us this morning by one who knew and loved him well, we are compelled by press of matter to postpone till Thursday.

[Fayetteville Observer – Monday Evening, February 22, 1858]

ARRIVAL FROM THE DEEP RIVER.—The Steamer John H. Haughton arrived on Tuesday morning from Haywood, with one hundred and thirty-five bales of Cotton, five hundred barrels of Flour, &c., on board. With the exception of a small quantity of Flour consigned to Wilmington by the owner, the Haughton’s freight was sold here.



MESSRS. HALE:–Gentlemen: Will you kindly allow me space in the Observer for a brief tribute to the memory of Mr. Fellow, medical student, on the Magnolia at the time of the explosion. He was indeed a worthy young man: for a stranger to know him was to respect and admire him; for friends to be associated with him was to love him. John Milton Fellow is lost to us,–struck down in the dawn of usefulness to his countrymen, of honorable advancement to himself,–one likely to have proved an ornament to any community, an undoubted credit to this his native State. Again we are invited to repeat the poetic sentiment—alas, too often realized!—”Death loves a shining mark.” Again we are summoned to bow, mutely resigned, beneath the weight of an inscrutable dispensation of Providence. We are smitten—we are smitten with the rod of affliction; but let us not presume to murmur, let not the bereaved mourn us those without hope—without Heavenly Consolation.

“Judge not the Lord by feeble sense;

But trust Him for His grace

Behind a frowning Providence

He hides a shining face.”


Mt. Zion, South River, 8th March.


An Incident.—A friend sends the following: When the Magnolia exploded on the Cape Fear, an old negro man, the cook, was fatally injured. Being found horribly scalded he seemed cheerful and happy, and exclaimed “Glory to god. I am going home to heaven.” It was astonishing to observe the difference in death, between the triumph of this poor old negro, and others whose tortures did not appear to be alleviated by the Christian’s faith. “Let me die the death of the righteous, and let my last end be like his.”

N. C. Christian Advocate.

Poor old Simon! For about forty years he was a faithful steward, mostly on one boat—the old Henrietta—on the Cape Fear. He was faithful in life, and was not without Hope in his death.

[Fayetteville Observer – March 15, 1858]

ANOTHER ARRIVAL FROM DEEP RIVER.—The John H. Haughton arrived at this place on Tuesday last, heavily freighted with Cotton and Flour from the Deep River country.

[Fayetteville Observer – April 5, 1858]

CONDITION OF THE RIVER.—We learn that a quantity of goods which had been shipped from the North by Wilmington, for Fayetteville and the back country, have been diverted from this place after their arrival in Wilmington, and sent on the N. C. & W. & M. roads. This must have been owing either to misapprehension or misrepresentation as to the condition of the river. We refer to our columns for evidence of the fact that the steamers have at no time this season failed to make regular trips to and from Wilmington. Several of the boats, (and more indeed than are reported in the Observer, for we can’t get all the agents to attend to the matter,) have been running regularly, and are now running regularly, and intend to run regularly; and people who want goods to come this way, may rest assured of their prompt transportation. The two last trips of one of the boats brought larger freights than any the owners have ever had. Let no credit be given to interested reports to the contrary.

[Fayetteville Observer – Thursday Evening, September 30, 1858]

BOAT SUNK.—We learn that on Saturday last the steamer Rowan, on her down trip about 30 miles from Wilmington, struck a snag and sunk. As the river is low and the freight of a kind not easily damaged, we presume the loss is small, and that the boat will soon be running again.

[Fayetteville Observer – Monday Evening, October 4, 1858]

Cape Fear and Deep River Navigation Co.:–

The River Opened ! !—Steamer Enterprise

And Barges Pioneer and Perseverance enroute

For the Coal Fields with Merchandise

And Machinery!!!—Success at Last!!!!

It is with great satisfaction that we announce to our citizens and the State at large, that on yesterday afternoon the steamer Enterprise and barges Pioneer and Perseverance left this port with merchandise and machinery for Egypt, on Deep River, and all intermediate landings above Fayetteville. The shippers were Messrs. Hathaway & Co., T. C. & B. G. Worth, Wm. Neff & Sons, T. H. McKoy & Co., Wm. K. Covell, DeRosset & Brown, Wm. H. McRary & Co., Keith & Flanner, Henry A. London, L. A. Hart, L. N. Barlow.

The indefatigable and very efficient president, Mr. Cassiday, who accompanies the Enterprise and barges to the mines this trip, informs us it is his intention to take in a full cargo of Deep River coal, direct from the mines, and land it some time next week upon the wharves of our town.—Wil. Herald.

[The barges above mentioned (but not the steamer) arrived here on Friday night, in tow of the steamer Rowan, of Lutterloh’s line of Fayetteville boats] –OBSERVER.

[Fayetteville Observer – December 6, 1858]


The Wilmington Herald, in the exuberance of its joy over the annexed letter, perpetrates some rare witticisms, such as that the salute to be fired in Wilmington, on the arrival of the “barge Pioneer,” would, “if it were heard in Fayetteville, make its [the Observer’s] pet, the George McNeill, unquestionably jump the track and take to the woods in pure terror and dismay.” Now that would be an achievement worthy of the occasion of a salute of 100 guns for making a trip to Deep river in FIFTY DAYS! Better let your “barge” take to the woods. We have had many tons of Deep river coal here in Fayetteville, in two days from the mines, by those woods boats commonly called wagons, at a far less cost per ton than that which will go to Wilmington by the “barge Pioneer.”

The Herald has no right to call the Observer “the worst enemy in the world of the scheme,” though if it were, it would be justified by the benevolent motives of some of the projectors of the scheme, viz: to obliterate Fayetteville from the map. The pretext for so speaking of us is a statement in the Observer which the Herald does not pretend to question. And that statement we made to give the truth as to certain news items which we felt bound to copy from the Wilmington papers. Are we the worst enemies of the scheme because we tell the truth about it?

We never opposed the scheme: our members voted for all the appropriations it ever had, and with our full and often expressed approval. We are opposed to humbuggery, such as that now uttered by the Herald about “the success of the great scheme for the development of the vast mineral resources of North Carolina.” The idea that the arrival of one old boat, (newly christened a “barge,”) after a fifty days’ trip, with repairs to be made at nearly every lock before she could get through, is a “success of the great scheme,” would be laughable if it were not worse. Go to work like men: ask the Legislature for a million of dollars: add you own money to that: put in locks and dams that will “support their own weight,” and you will find the Observer bid you all speed.

But to the letter:–


JONES LOCK, Jan’y 13—8 P. M.    }

When I arrived here (as I wrote you,) I found three of the gates broken out and gone, so I determined at once to make a lower gate and work stop plank above to enable us to pass our boats, which I hope to do by Sunday. I have employed help at Cross Creek that I may not be detained at that lock; and if nothing more takes place to prevent, I hope to see you soon.


P. S. We are informed that the “barge” is still on the wrong side of Jones’s Lock, this morning. The river rose 10 feet yesterday, which will delay the repairs.

[Fayetteville Observer – Monday Evening – January 17, 1859]

DEEP RIVER.—We copy the two following paragraphs from the Wilmington papers of Tuesday last. We wish to give every one his due, but it is certainly hard to get reliable information from the rivers above. Here are the Wilmington papers expecting the boats yesterday, with guns charged to salute them; whilst our information is, that the aforesaid boats were yesterday lying at Jones’s Lock, 8 miles above this place, unable to get past it, for the reason that the gates of the Lock had been washed away during the late fresh.

Then a few days ago the same Wilmington papers announced the arrival there of a boat from Haywood, “after passing through ten Locks,” as they said; which must have been the most marvelous boating feat on record, since the said ten Locks were, according to our information, from thirty to forty feet under water.

The Boats from Deep River are expected here tomorrow with Coal, and we learn that our citizens are making arrangements to greet them on their arrival, with a salvo of 100 guns.

Wilmington Herald.

Deep River.—We have just seen Mr. Jesse J. Cassidey, who arrived here on Sunday, from the Deep River work, where he left his father, James Cassidey, Esq., President of the Company, on Friday last, about ten miles above Lockville, with the steamer Haughton, and a large Flat in tow; said Flat being loaded with Coal, Iron and Copper Ore, Soapstone, Wheat, Flour, Cotton, Dried Fruit and country produce generally. Mr. Cassidey looks for his father here to-morrow or next day, with the products. His arrival should be hailed by the people of Wilmington as an auspicious event, establishing the existence of a communication, however imperfectly constructed, with the Mines.

Mr. Cassidey also informs us that he has received from the lock-tender at Silver Run, a letter dated on the 4th inst., stating that the late freshet had done some damage to the lock at that place, but none that could not be repaired in a day. He had heard of no damage at any other point.

It is probable that some mistakes were made, owing to the fact that a good quantity of dressed timer had been placed on the bank of the river in the vicinity of Red Rock Dam, and this timber floating off and down the stream, naturally gave rise to the impression that a considerable portion of the works had been carried off. We may make our Fayetteville cotemporaries unhappy by stating this fact, but we can’t help it.

Wilmington Journal.

[Fayetteville Observer – Thursday Evening, January 18, 1859]

From the Wilmington Herald.




With Coal, Iron Ore, Copper Ore, Soap Stone, Flour, &c.—The flags of the shipping displayed in honor of the event.—The Boats Welcomed amid the roar of Cannon, and the enthusiastic Cheers of the crowds upon the Wharves.—The Deep River Navigation a Fixed Fact!

Yesterday afternoon, between two and three o’clock, the cannon stationed at Point Peter announced in thunder tones the approach of the long-looked for steamer and barge direct from the Coal Mines on Deep River. Scarcely had the report died away, ere it was answered by the big gun on one of our wharves. Our citizens being on the qui vive, immediately flocked en masse to the wharves and docks, which soon presented and unusual scene of excitement. Away up the river, turning and twisting through its tortuous course, could be seen the approaching boats, bearing on board the first instalment {Word, installment, misspelled.} of the precious deposits which had so long lain dormant and useless in the mother earth, and now for the first time thrown open for the use of mankind. An unusual degree of pleasure and satisfaction was visible in the faces of all; many jumped aboard a tug boat and proceeded to meet the steamer, and extend to Mr. Cassidey a hearty welcome; the flags of the shipping in port were displayed; and, as the boats passed Market dock, the cheers from the excited crowds on shore rent the air, the cannon firing from two points was kept up in rapid succession, and everybody seemed to recognize fully the realization of their hopes, and to pay a slight tribute to our townsman, through whose untiring zeal and energy this, the first cargo of North Carolina coal ever brought to market, has been landed on our shores. To our young friend, F. A. L. Cassidey, Esq., much praise is also due. In energy, industry and perseverance he has shown himself to be a genuine “chip of {off} the old block,” and his exertions have contributed not a little to the success of the great event which we now chronicle with so much pleasure.

If is a singular coincidence that the arrival of the boats here should occur the same day that the news of the passage in the Senate of the Coalfields Railroad bill, the reception of which was greeted with so much satisfaction by our citizens generally. Both these schemes for the development of the vast resources of the State should meet with a hearty endorsement from all true North Carolinians; and we cannot see how any many with the least State pride can have a word to say against either of these truly great Sate works, identified as they are with the best interests of the State and her people. The Legislature has shown its sense and patriotism in killing off the Danville connection scheme.—a Virginia project, aimed at the best interests of the gold old State, by preventing the very objects of the true State works now in operation and contemplation.

We therefore hail with pleasure the announcement above made. The Deep River Improvement has been found to be practicable; let not the fostering hand of the state be turned from it, or the Coalfield Road, and a new era in the history of North Carolina commences from to-day.

[Fayetteville Observer – January 24, 1859]

BUSINESS UPON THE CAPE FEAR.—Some years ago there were ten or twelve steamers, with proper complements of tow boats, plying between this place and Wilmington. The freight subsequently decreased so far as to render the business unprofitable, and ## number of boats was reduced. We are happy to say that for the past year or two the trade of Fayetteville has revived, and that the boat owners ever ready to meet the wants of the trade, as extending their means of transportation. There are two steamers and four tow boats in progress of construction at the Fayetteville wharves, which, with the present fleet, will probably suffice till the Western Railroad reaches the Coalfields, when another large addition will be required. The following list will give our readers a correct idea of the present and prospective freight and passenger facilities.

The Cape Fear Line—Messrs. Worth & Utley, Fayetteville—Has the fine passenger and freight steamer Flora and two tow boats. Is building a tow boat of large capacity and light draft.

Lutterloh’s Line—T. S. Lutterloh, Esq., Fayetteville—Has the passenger and freight steamer Fanny, freight steamer Rowan, and three tow boats. Is building (nearly ready) a very large passenger and freight steamer of light draft, and a tow boat.

Rush & Orrell, Fayetteville—Have steamer Sun and two tow boats.

Orrell & Daily, Fayetteville—Have recently bought the steamer Southerner, and are building a new steamer and two tows.

Petteway & Prichett, Wilmington—Have steamer Black River and three tows.

John Dawson, Wilmington—Has the new steamer Dawson, steamer Douglas, and three tows.

W. P. Elliott, Wilmington—Has steamer Enterprise, which is employed mainly below this place.

Capt. Peck, Wilmington—Has the steamer Hattie Hart.

If we could only persuade the Agents of all these lines to report consignees by every arrival, it would make much more of a showing of business than we can now make. Some of the steamers come to the wharf, discharge, load, and return, without any opportunity of the public to know that they have ever been here. If their proprietors had a little of yankee enterprise and shrewdness, they would report themselves regularly, if not for the public benefit at least for the sake of the advertisement. Every mention of a boat under our commercial head is a gratuitous advertisement.


[steamboat image>]


I HAVE associated with me, in this line, Mr. John K. Dailey, and will style the firm ORRELL & DAILEY.

We have purchased the Steamer SOUTHERNER, and in a few days, will have a New Flat employed with her. Those favoring us with their patronage may rely upon prompt despatch, by applying to Mr. Dailey on board, or to me at my office.                        R. M. ORRELL.


R. M. ORRELL.            JOHN K. DAILEY.

March 26, 1859                800-tf

[Fayetteville Observer – Monday Evening, March 28, 1859]



[steamboat image>] WILL leave this place regularly every WEDNESDAY and SATURDAY, at 8 o’clock, A. M., and arrive at Wilmington same evening. Will also leave Wilmington at 9 o’clock, A. M., every MONDAY and THURSDAY, and arrive at this place next morning early.

[pointing finger>] For light freight, or passage, having good accommodations, apply on board, at Rush & Orrell’s wharf.

April 13                        5-2m

Carolinian copy.

[Fayetteville Observer – Thursday Evening, April 14, 1859]

SALE OF THE DEEP RIVER WORKS.—We learn that the sale of the property and franchise of the Cape Fear and Deep River Navigation Company was made at Pittsborough on Saturday last, by Henry A. London, Esq., as Trustee, under the resolution of the Stockholders. The first bid was by Maurice Q. Waddell, Esq., of $300,000, (Mr. W. remarking, we understand, that that was all the money he had.) The State, by Graham Daves, Esq., the Governor’s Private Secretary, then bid $365,000. N. A. Ramsay, Esq. followed with $400,000, at which the property was knocked off. Mr. London thereupon demanded the $400,000, the terms being cash. Mr. Ramsay desired him to call at his office at 2 o’clock and he would settle with him—it was then about ½ past 12. This did not meet the views of the Trustee, who forthwith put up the property again—Mr. Ramsay forbidding the sale. Mr. Waddell again started it at the amount of his “pile.” The State again bid $365,000, and was declared the fortunate purchaser—Mr. Ramsay protesting his determination to bring suit to maintain his purchase.

Whether this was all in jest, like Mr. Waddell’s remark, or sober seriousness, we know not; but suppose that Mr. R. could have no claim till he tendered the purchase money.

The act of the Legislature authorized the Governor to purchase at not exceeding $450,000; but the difference between the $365,000 and that sum will be required to pay off prior liens.

There were very few persons at the sale, and not enough of the Directors present to hold a meeting of that body.


SUPPOSED TO BE DROWNED.—A man named Sessoms, a passenger on the Fanny from Wilmington on Wednesday last, was missing when the boat arrived at the Old Ferry Landing, nine miles below this place, and has not since been seen or heard of. The Captain of the Fanny last saw him at Elizabeth, when Sessoms asked to be landed at the Old Ferry. There is scarcely a doubt that he walked or fell overboard and was drowned.

[Fayetteville Observer – Monday Evening, April 25, 1859]

BODY FOUND.— The body of —– Sessoms, who was supposed to have fallen overboard from the steamer Fanny, on the 20th ult., (as mentioned in the Observer of the 25th ult.,) was found in the Cape Fear near Elizabeth and buried at Waddell’s Landing on the 4th inst. The Coroner held an inquest the result of which was a verdict of accidental death. About $60 in cash were found in his pockets.

[Fayetteville Observer – Thursday Evening, May 12, 1859]


—Yesterday’s Standard contains a long Report of Ellwood Morris, Chief Engineer, to the Governor, of an examination of the rivers, from Fayetteville to Evan’s dam in Deep River, 95 miles, made in a bateau between the 6th and 11th inst., at the rate of 15 to 25 miles a day. In this trip and in these five days, the Engineer “examined briefly,” as he says, “every work upon both rivers,” and he enumerates the works as follows: 19 dams, 19 slack water pools, 24 locks, 3 canals, each about half a mile in length, and a swing bridge at Lockville. The works overcome a life of 125 feet in Cape Fear, 58 miles, and 80 feet in Deep River, 42 miles. The two upper locks, (Gulf and Evan’s,) have never been entirely finished nor connected with the dams, (says Mr. Morris,) nor had their gates in place; and no steamboat or barge has ever passed above the Gulf, which place, 81 miles above Fayetteville, has heretofore and may still be regarded temporarily as the head of navigation. Both locks and dams are built of wooden cribworks filled with stone—a kind of work very durable and appropriate for dams or works under water, but not at all so for locks on rivers like these.


1. Cape Fear River Works.—The dam at Cross creek appears to be in a fair condition, but will need some hard stone filling and some slight repairs, and the same may be said of the lock at this place. These being the latest works constructed, are less decayed and in better condition than the others.

The 3 dams next above Cross creek, (Jones’ Silver Run, and Red Rock,) standing upon soft rock bottom, their cribs filled with perishable stone, and already partially undermined, must be regarded as standing in a rather precarious condition; but they may, and I hope will, stand for some years, or until they can be secured. The other 2 dams, on the Cape Fear river, standing as they do on hard rock foundations, seem to be good works—they promise extended durability—the immediate repairs needed by them will not be serious; and with moderate additions to some of them in the future, when properly secured by cemented stone abutments, solidly connected with the land, they may fairly be regarded as permanent works.

The 14 wooden cribwork locks on Cape Fear river, above Cross Creek dam, (some of them filled with perishable stone, and all fastened with tree-nails only,) are all more or less dilapidated by decay and weakness—the side walls never were of adequate strength, in many cases they were badly founded, and as a necessary consequence they have yielded in every direction–some

{unfinished transcription}

[Fayetteville Observer – Thursday Evening, May 26, 1859]

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